Preparing Undergraduates for Short-term Global Health Research Experience 18 th  Annual GHEC Conference April 3-5, 2009 Un...
Goals for this Presentation <ul><li>To Share my experience in preparing Yale undergraduates embarking on their often  very...
My Background <ul><li>Trained as an infectious disease epidemiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty at Yale School of Public H...
Global Health Research Workshop for Yale Undergraduates <ul><li>Why this workshop and why me?! </li></ul><ul><li>What is t...
1- Why this workshop and why me?! <ul><li>Increasing demand for advice and mentorship from undergraduates for GH Research ...
2 - The Objective? <ul><li>To prepare Yale Sophomores and Juniors interested in pursuing global health research for an enr...
Student Commitments <ul><li>To develop and conduct  the most rigorous scientific and ethical research proposal and to shar...
3 - The Approach? <ul><li>Create an awareness of the “big picture”; GH inequities and the role of research </li></ul><ul><...
3 - The Approach? (continued) <ul><li>Cultivate critical / analytical thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Instill a sense of...
4 - How is it organized? <ul><li>Non-credit </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with “letter of intent” from students in late fall </...
Fall  Module <ul><li>4-6 mostly didactic lectures (1.5 hours each)  </li></ul><ul><li>Includes introductory lecture on GH ...
Spring Module <ul><ul><li>Open to students who completed fall module and have identified a Yale faculty mentor and an in c...
5 - Lessons learned ?  (three workshops completed so far) <ul><ul><li>Works best when you stick to the rules!  </li></ul><...
Lessons learned ? (continued)  <ul><ul><li>Need for incorporating a more rigorous evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No...
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Student Electives in Low-resource Countries: Ethical Considerations: Kaveh Khoshnood

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Preparing Undergraduates for Short-term Global Health Research Experience

Kaveh Khoshnood, PhD
Yale School of Public Health

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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Student Electives in Low-resource Countries: Ethical Considerations: Kaveh Khoshnood

  1. 1. Preparing Undergraduates for Short-term Global Health Research Experience 18 th Annual GHEC Conference April 3-5, 2009 University of Washington Kaveh Khoshnood, PhD Yale School of Public Health
  2. 2. Goals for this Presentation <ul><li>To Share my experience in preparing Yale undergraduates embarking on their often very first global health research experience </li></ul><ul><li>To get your constructive criticism ! </li></ul>
  3. 3. My Background <ul><li>Trained as an infectious disease epidemiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty at Yale School of Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mostly focused on HIV/AIDS and TB in US and Internationally; increasingly interested in bioethics and Health and Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teaching: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS and ethics for MPH students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Health lecture course and a GH research Methods Workshop for undergraduates </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Global Health Research Workshop for Yale Undergraduates <ul><li>Why this workshop and why me?! </li></ul><ul><li>What is the objective? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the approach? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it organized? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the lessons learned? </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1- Why this workshop and why me?! <ul><li>Increasing demand for advice and mentorship from undergraduates for GH Research Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of faculty interest / availability at Yale College </li></ul><ul><li>My concern with lack of student preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Non-existence of other suitable courses/ workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Desire / need to be effective and efficient </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2 - The Objective? <ul><li>To prepare Yale Sophomores and Juniors interested in pursuing global health research for an enriching academic experience. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The focus is on field-based health related research proposed in low-resource countries. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Student Commitments <ul><li>To develop and conduct the most rigorous scientific and ethical research proposal and to share with Yale and broader scientific community upon return </li></ul><ul><li>To assist other workshop participants to do the same </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3 - The Approach? <ul><li>Create an awareness of the “big picture”; GH inequities and the role of research </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate students to strive to become independent researchers ( vs. research assistants ) </li></ul><ul><li>Embed research ethics in the larger context of the research enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed research methods (quantitative & qualitative) </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3 - The Approach? (continued) <ul><li>Cultivate critical / analytical thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Instill a sense of respect for integrity of research as well as humility and self awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on actual student proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with but not substitute the role of the project faculty advisor </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4 - How is it organized? <ul><li>Non-credit </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with “letter of intent” from students in late fall </li></ul><ul><li>Size: 15-20 students (sophomores and juniors) </li></ul><ul><li>Meets late fall & first half of spring semester – Friday afternoons! </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop website for posting readings, lectures, funding and other resources </li></ul><ul><li>MPH student as a teaching assistant </li></ul><ul><li>Guest lecturers as needed (qualitative research methods) </li></ul><ul><li>Text Book: Designing Clinical Research: An Epidemiological Perspective. Hulley et al. 3 rd Edition plus additional readings </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fall Module <ul><li>4-6 mostly didactic lectures (1.5 hours each) </li></ul><ul><li>Includes introductory lecture on GH (cultural, political and social complexities) ; fundamentals of research design (quantitative and qualitative), research ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation by a representative from the relevant Yale IRB about IRB approval process at Yale and host country </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of information about available fellowships; research projects and sites and faculty mentors. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Spring Module <ul><ul><li>Open to students who completed fall module and have identified a Yale faculty mentor and an in country preceptor for their projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critique and peer review of student proposals (competition among students for various fellowships) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guiding students through the human subjects research approval process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual review and mentoring outside of workshop as needed and as time allows </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. 5 - Lessons learned ? (three workshops completed so far) <ul><ul><li>Works best when you stick to the rules! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in fall component required </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take peer review seriously </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-credit vs. credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of a skilled Teaching Assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More training in biostatistics needed before and after </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Lessons learned ? (continued) <ul><ul><li>Need for incorporating a more rigorous evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No obvious problem with dual commitments / competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of the project faculty advisor? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogical theory/model? </li></ul></ul>

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