American Perspectives on Energy
October 17, 2013

Sheril Kirshenbaum
Director of The Energy Poll
Impartial and authoritative source of public
perspectives on energy to inform and guide
discussion, business planning and ...
General Topics
• Energy prices and availability
• Energy concerns
• Satisfaction
• Consumer behaviors and voting preferenc...
Background
• First questionnaire developed in 2010 (Inaugural launch Oct. 2011)
• Collaborative effort with representative...
A Look At Respondents: Fall 2013

Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll

Page 5
Interest in Energy Issues
60%

55%
52%

52%

50%

48%

47%
45%

40%

35%

30%

25%

20%
Spring 2012

Fall 2012

Spring 201...
70%

10%
51%
46%

39%

25%
17%
11%

September 2013 Base: 2144.
All results based on weighted data
Source: University of Te...
70%

33%

20%

10%

September 2013 Base: 2144.
All results based on weighted data
Source: University of Texas at Austin En...
Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll

Asked advice on energy issues
often

Consider energy issues important

...
Should the federal government focus on developing…?
Renewable technologies

89%

Natural Gas

82%

Oil

66%

Nuclear

53%
...
The U.S. should export natural gas to other countries…
50%
45%
40%

39%

35%
33%
30%

36%
34%
30%

28%
Agree

25%

Disagre...
Hydraulic Fracturing: Greater Awareness, Less Support
60%

50%
48%

41%

40%

45%
42%
40%
38%

35%
32%

Familiar with the ...
Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes
referred to as “fracking”
60%

50%

50%
46%
40%

40%
32%
30%

20%

10%

0%
...
Gender and Hydraulic Fracturing
100%
90%
80%

86%
77%

70%

60%
50%

Men
41%

Women

40%
33%
30%
20%

10%
0%
The governmen...
Trust in Energy Labels at Major Retail Stores
"Energy-efficient" labels

"Energy-saving" labels

70%
60%

70%
59%

60%

50...
Trust in Energy Labels at Major Retail Stores
70%

65%

60%

60%

59%

59%

55%
53%

men
women

50%

45%

40%
"energy-effi...
Which country do you believe is the largest
foreign supplier of oil for the U.S.?

SAUDI ARABIA – 58%
Iraq – 15%
Canada – ...
Actual descending order for foreign oil imports to the U.S.

CANADA – 28%
Saudi Arabia – 16%
Venezuela – 11%
Mexico – 11%
...
Americans who think that climate change…
80%

70%

60%

73%

73%

72%

65%

50%

Is occurring

40%

Is not occurring
Don’t...
“Climate change is occurring”
100%
87%

90%
80%
70%

66%

68%

60%
52%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Democrat
September 2013 Base...
Americans Energy Concerns
Cost of gasoline

87%

Cost of electricity

78%

Consumption of oil from foreign sources

71%

D...
Consider water conservation and energy efficiency a priority

Water conservation

65%

Energy efficiency

20%

72%

30%

4...
Prioritize energy efficiency
80%

79%

75%
71%
70%

70%

70%

South

West

65%

60%

55%

50%
Northeast

Midwest

Septembe...
What level of influence do the following have on the environment?
“significant”
U.S. government’s actions

68%

Large corp...
Americans satisfied with the job that each is doing to
address the energy issues most important to them
You / Your Househo...
For more information:
www.utenergypoll.com
sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu

Source: University of Texas at Austin En...
American Attitudes on Hydraulic
Fracturing
October 15, 2013

Sheril Kirshenbaum
Director of The Energy Poll

Source: Unive...
Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on
energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and
...
Hydraulic Fracturing: Greater Awareness, Less Support
60%

50%
48%

41%

40%

45%
42%
40%
38%

35%
32%

Familiar with the ...
Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes
referred to as “fracking”
60%

50%

50%
46%

40%

47%

Republicans

Indepen...
Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes
referred to as “fracking”
50%
45%

44%

40%

37%

36%

35%
30%
25%

23%

20...
Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes
referred to as “fracking”
60%

50%

50%
46%
40%

40%
32%
30%

20%

10%

0%
...
Should the federal government focus on developing…?
Renewable technologies

89%

Natural Gas

82%

Oil

66%

Nuclear

53%
...
Gender and Hydraulic Fracturing
100%
90%
80%

86%
77%

70%

60%
50%

Men
41%

Women

40%
33%
30%
20%

10%
0%
The governmen...
The U.S. should export natural gas to other countries…
50%
45%
40%

39%

35%
33%
30%

36%
34%
30%

28%
Agree

25%

Disagre...
For more information:
www.utenergypoll.com
sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu

Source: University of Texas at Austin En...
American Attitudes on the EnergyWater Nexus
October 15, 2013

Sheril Kirshenbaum
Director of The Energy Poll

Source: Univ...
Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on
energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and
...
In which of the following areas do you think the United Sates uses
the most water on an annual basis?
Mining
4%

Other Don...
In preparing for our future water needs, the U.S. government…

neutral
22%

is doing too
many things
21%

should do more
5...
Which of the following is more likely to lead you to reduce your
household water consumption?
Other
2%

Don’t know
11%

Ne...
Consider water conservation and energy efficiency a priority

Water conservation

65%

Energy efficiency

20%

72%

30%

4...
Would like for the US government’s support or involvement to
increase in…
Enforcement of laws against pollution of drinkin...
For more information:
www.utenergypoll.com
sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu

Source: University of Texas at Austin En...
American Attitudes on Climate
October 15, 2013

Sheril Kirshenbaum
Director of The Energy Poll

Source: University of Texa...
Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on
energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and
...
Americans who think that climate change…
80%

70%

60%

73%

73%

72%

65%

50%

Is occurring

40%

Is not occurring
Don’t...
“Climate change is occurring”
100%
87%

90%
80%
70%

66%

68%

60%
52%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Democrat
September 2013 Base...
“Climate change is occurring”
90%

80%

77%
74%
71%

70%
60%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
September 2013 Base: 2144.
...
“Climate change is occurring”
90%
84%

82%
80%

76%
69%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Hispanic
September 2013 Bas...
Which of the following do you think is a contributing
factor in global climate change?
Deforestation

74%

Oil

63%

Coal
...
What level of influence do the following have on the environment?
“significant”
U.S. government’s actions

68%

Large corp...
For more information:
www.utenergypoll.com
sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu

Source: University of Texas at Austin En...
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The University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Fall 2013

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The October 2013 release of findings from The University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll, conducted by McCombs School of Business. "American Perspectives on Energy," assembled by Sheril Kirshenbaum, poll director. General topics include consumer attitudes and perceptions on energy prices and availability, energy concerns, satisfaction, and consumer behaviors and voting preferences. Contains new questions on water usage and conservation.

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The University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Fall 2013

  1. 1. American Perspectives on Energy October 17, 2013 Sheril Kirshenbaum Director of The Energy Poll
  2. 2. Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and policy development Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 2
  3. 3. General Topics • Energy prices and availability • Energy concerns • Satisfaction • Consumer behaviors and voting preferences “Hot Topics” Spring 2012: Hydraulic Fracturing Fall 2012: Energy, Voting Behavior, and the 2012 Election Spring 2013: Consumer Attitudes on Energy Fall 2013: The Energy-Water Nexus Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 3
  4. 4. Background • First questionnaire developed in 2010 (Inaugural launch Oct. 2011) • Collaborative effort with representatives from academic institutions, polling companies, non-governmental organizations, energy producers and energy consumers Fall 2013 – Fifth Release • Online survey conducted September 5-23, 2013 • 2,144 respondents, weighted to reflect U.S. Census demographics Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 4
  5. 5. A Look At Respondents: Fall 2013 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 5
  6. 6. Interest in Energy Issues 60% 55% 52% 52% 50% 48% 47% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% Spring 2012 Fall 2012 Spring 2013 Fall 2013 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 6
  7. 7. 70% 10% 51% 46% 39% 25% 17% 11% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Asked advice on energy issues often 50% Consider energy issues important 60% 55% Follow national energy issues 30% Follow local energy issues 20% Weekly read, see or hear about energy 40% Daily read, see or hear about energy 60% Consider energy information valuable Self-report "knowledgeable" on energy Income and Energy 80% 67% 58% 46% 41% 32% 26% 17% 10% 0% <$50K >50K Page 7
  8. 8. 70% 33% 20% 10% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Asked advice on energy issues often 44% 51% 45% Consider energy issues important 20% 60% 54% Follow national energy issues 30% Follow local energy issues 50% Weekly read, see or hear about energy 60% Daily read, see or hear about energy 40% Consider energy information valuable Self-report "knowledgeable" on energy Gender and Energy 80% 67% 51% 57% 35% 25% 17% 11% 18% 9% 0% Men Women Page 8
  9. 9. Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Asked advice on energy issues often Consider energy issues important Follow national energy issues Follow local energy issues Weekly read, see or hear about energy Daily read, see or hear about energy Consider energy information valuable Self-report "knowledgeable" on energy Politics and Energy 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Democrat 0% Republican Independent Libertarian September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Page 9
  10. 10. Should the federal government focus on developing…? Renewable technologies 89% Natural Gas 82% Oil 66% Nuclear 53% Coal 48% None of these 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 10
  11. 11. The U.S. should export natural gas to other countries… 50% 45% 40% 39% 35% 33% 30% 36% 34% 30% 28% Agree 25% Disagree Neutral 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Spring 2013 Fall 2013 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 11
  12. 12. Hydraulic Fracturing: Greater Awareness, Less Support 60% 50% 48% 41% 40% 45% 42% 40% 38% 35% 32% Familiar with the term "hydraulic fracturing" or "fracking" 30% Support the use of hydraulic fracturing* 20% 10% 0% Spring 2012 Fall 2012 Spring 2013 Fall 2013 * Includes only those respondents who say they are familiar with hydraulic fracturing or fracking. September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 12
  13. 13. Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes referred to as “fracking” 60% 50% 50% 46% 40% 40% 32% 30% 20% 10% 0% <35 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data 35-54 55-64 65+ Age Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 13
  14. 14. Gender and Hydraulic Fracturing 100% 90% 80% 86% 77% 70% 60% 50% Men 41% Women 40% 33% 30% 20% 10% 0% The government should focus on developing natural gas Support hydraulic fracturing* September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll * Among 861 respondents familiar with “hydraulic fracturing" or “fracking” Page 14
  15. 15. Trust in Energy Labels at Major Retail Stores "Energy-efficient" labels "Energy-saving" labels 70% 60% 70% 59% 60% 50% 56% 50% 42% 40% 40% 30% 40% 25% 30% 20% 20% 10% 10% 0% 25% 0% If a product label Products with People who says that it is labels that say believe “energy “energy “energy efficient” efficient” product efficient”, I trust exaggerate their labels are being that it is. claims. fooled. If a product label Products with People who says that it is labels that say believe “energy “energy “energy saving” saving” product saving”, I trust exaggerate their labels are being that it is. claims. fooled. September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 15
  16. 16. Trust in Energy Labels at Major Retail Stores 70% 65% 60% 60% 59% 59% 55% 53% men women 50% 45% 40% "energy-efficient" label "energy-saving" label September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 16
  17. 17. Which country do you believe is the largest foreign supplier of oil for the U.S.? SAUDI ARABIA – 58% Iraq – 15% Canada – 13% Venezuela – 8% Mexico – 3% Russia – 2% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 17
  18. 18. Actual descending order for foreign oil imports to the U.S. CANADA – 28% Saudi Arabia – 16% Venezuela – 11% Mexico – 11% Iraq – 6% Russia – 1% Source: Energy Information Administration 2012 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 18
  19. 19. Americans who think that climate change… 80% 70% 60% 73% 73% 72% 65% 50% Is occurring 40% Is not occurring Don’t know 30% 22% 17% 20% 10% 16% 13% 11% 16% 11% 11% 0% Spring 2012 Fall 2012 Spring 2013 Fall 2013 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 19
  20. 20. “Climate change is occurring” 100% 87% 90% 80% 70% 66% 68% 60% 52% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Democrat September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Republican Libertarian Independent Political affiliation Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 20
  21. 21. Americans Energy Concerns Cost of gasoline 87% Cost of electricity 78% Consumption of oil from foreign sources 71% Depletion of water resources 70% The portion of your household budget spent on energy 70% Developing renewable sources of energy 66% The energy efficiency of your home 64% The effect of our nation’s energy production and consumption on carbon emissions 60% The impact of domestic oil drilling and production on the natural environment 55% The impact of hydraulic fracturing on the natural environment 51% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 21
  22. 22. Consider water conservation and energy efficiency a priority Water conservation 65% Energy efficiency 20% 72% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 22
  23. 23. Prioritize energy efficiency 80% 79% 75% 71% 70% 70% 70% South West 65% 60% 55% 50% Northeast Midwest September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 23
  24. 24. What level of influence do the following have on the environment? “significant” U.S. government’s actions 68% Large corporations’ actions 72% My personal actions 37% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 24
  25. 25. Americans satisfied with the job that each is doing to address the energy issues most important to them You / Your Household Engineers and scientists Research institutes / think tanks Renewable energy companies Universities Your electric provider Greenpeace The Nature Conservancy Small US companies Hydroelectric industry Energy entrepreneurs US Environmental Protection Agency President Barack Obama The Sierra Club Environmental Defense Fund Natural Resources Defense Council Nuclear energy industry Your state government Your local government Coal industry US Department of Energy Oil and gas companies Energy investors Large US companies The US Congress September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data 50% 38% 32% 32% 31% 31% 29% 28% 27% 26% 23% 22% 22% 21% 21% 20% 19% 19% 19% 17% 17% 16% 16% 15% 9% 0% 10% 20% 30% Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll 40% 50% 60% Page 25
  26. 26. For more information: www.utenergypoll.com sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 26
  27. 27. American Attitudes on Hydraulic Fracturing October 15, 2013 Sheril Kirshenbaum Director of The Energy Poll Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 27
  28. 28. Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and policy development Fall 2013 • Online survey conducted September 5-23, 2013 • 2,144 respondents, weighted to reflect U.S. Census demographics Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 28
  29. 29. Hydraulic Fracturing: Greater Awareness, Less Support 60% 50% 48% 41% 40% 45% 42% 40% 38% 35% 32% Familiar with the term "hydraulic fracturing" or "fracking" 30% Support the use of hydraulic fracturing* 20% 10% 0% Spring 2012 Fall 2012 Spring 2013 Fall 2013 * Includes only those respondents who say they are familiar with hydraulic fracturing or fracking. September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 29
  30. 30. Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes referred to as “fracking” 60% 50% 50% 46% 40% 47% Republicans Independents 38% 30% 20% 10% 0% Democrats September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Libertarians Political affiliation Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 30
  31. 31. Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes referred to as “fracking” 50% 45% 44% 40% 37% 36% 35% 30% 25% 23% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% White September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data African American Hispanic Other Race Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 31
  32. 32. Familiar with “hydraulic fracturing” sometimes referred to as “fracking” 60% 50% 50% 46% 40% 40% 32% 30% 20% 10% 0% <35 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data 35-54 55-64 65+ Age Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 32
  33. 33. Should the federal government focus on developing…? Renewable technologies 89% Natural Gas 82% Oil 66% Nuclear 53% Coal 48% None of these 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 33
  34. 34. Gender and Hydraulic Fracturing 100% 90% 80% 86% 77% 70% 60% 50% Men 41% Women 40% 33% 30% 20% 10% 0% The government should focus on developing natural gas Support hydraulic fracturing* * Among 861 respondents familiar with “hydraulic fracturing" or “fracking” September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 34
  35. 35. The U.S. should export natural gas to other countries… 50% 45% 40% 39% 35% 33% 30% 36% 34% 30% 28% Agree 25% Disagree Neutral 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Spring 2013 Fall 2013 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 35
  36. 36. For more information: www.utenergypoll.com sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 36
  37. 37. American Attitudes on the EnergyWater Nexus October 15, 2013 Sheril Kirshenbaum Director of The Energy Poll Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 37
  38. 38. Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and policy development Fall 2013 Special Section: Energy-Water Nexus • Online survey conducted September 5-23, 2013 • 2,144 respondents, weighted to reflect U.S. Census demographics Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 38
  39. 39. In which of the following areas do you think the United Sates uses the most water on an annual basis? Mining 4% Other Don’t know 1% 1% Agriculture / Farming 35% Industrial 29% Residential 30% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 39
  40. 40. In preparing for our future water needs, the U.S. government… neutral 22% is doing too many things 21% should do more 57% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 40
  41. 41. Which of the following is more likely to lead you to reduce your household water consumption? Other 2% Don’t know 11% Neither would affect my behavior 14% A significant increase in water prices 32% Both would affect my behavior equally 36% Discovering that you use significantly more water (per square foot) than your neighbors use 5% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 41
  42. 42. Consider water conservation and energy efficiency a priority Water conservation 65% Energy efficiency 20% 72% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 42
  43. 43. Would like for the US government’s support or involvement to increase in… Enforcement of laws against pollution of drinking water 65% Rebates or tax incentives for consumers that purchase water-efficient products 58% Research and development on water efficiency 56% Development of building codes to make new buildings more water-efficient 54% Funding for repairing water and sewer facilities 54% Rebates or tax incentives for homeowners to install water-efficient landscaping 50% Adoption of efficiency standards for new water-using products 49% Research and development on desalination (the removal of salt from sea water) 47% Funding for new or expanded water and sewer facilities 47% Voluntary labeling of water-efficient products and equipment 38% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 43
  44. 44. For more information: www.utenergypoll.com sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 44
  45. 45. American Attitudes on Climate October 15, 2013 Sheril Kirshenbaum Director of The Energy Poll Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 45
  46. 46. Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and policy development Fall 2013 • Online survey conducted September 5-23, 2013 • 2,144 respondents, weighted to reflect U.S. Census demographics Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 46
  47. 47. Americans who think that climate change… 80% 70% 60% 73% 73% 72% 65% 50% Is occurring 40% Is not occurring Don’t know 30% 22% 17% 20% 10% 16% 13% 11% 16% 11% 11% 0% Spring 2012 Fall 2012 Spring 2013 Fall 2013 September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 47
  48. 48. “Climate change is occurring” 100% 87% 90% 80% 70% 66% 68% 60% 52% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Democrat September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Republican Libertarian Independent Political affiliation Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 48
  49. 49. “Climate change is occurring” 90% 80% 77% 74% 71% 70% 60% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data <35 35-54 Age 55-64 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll 65+ Page 49
  50. 50. “Climate change is occurring” 90% 84% 82% 80% 76% 69% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Hispanic September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data African American White Other Race Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 50
  51. 51. Which of the following do you think is a contributing factor in global climate change? Deforestation 74% Oil 63% Coal 59% Natural forces (not manmade) 44% Natural gas 41% Agriculture (including livestock) 37% Other 7% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 51
  52. 52. What level of influence do the following have on the environment? “significant” U.S. government’s actions 68% Large corporations’ actions 72% My personal actions 37% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% September 2013 Base: 2144. All results based on weighted data Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 52
  53. 53. For more information: www.utenergypoll.com sheril.kirshenbaum@mccombs.utexas.edu Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Page 53

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