Mattress Fire Barrier TechnologyPresented to:U.S. Consumer Product Safety CommissionUpholstered Furniture Fire Safety Tech...
Topics Discussed1. Brief overview of 16 CFR 1633, mattress open flamestandard2. Mattress fuel loads protected by FR barrie...
16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – Start of test
16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – 70 seconds
16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – 2 minutes
16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – 2 minutes, 50 seconds
16 CFR 1633Protected bed set – start of test
16 CFR 1633Protected bed set result
Mattress Industry Desires for FR Barriers1. “Drop-in” or “Substitute” product for manufacturer2. White in color3. No free ...
Mattress Fuel Loads Protected byFR Barriers1. Wood in foundations2. Non-FR fiber pads3. Standard polyurethane foam4. Memor...
Mattress GeometriesVertical and horizontal surfaces
Mattress GeometriesTight-top mattress with foundation crevice
Mattress GeometriesEuro top
Mattress GeometriesOne-sided pillow top crevice
Mattress GeometriesTwo-sided pillow top with foundation crevice
Mattress GeometriesCrevice burn
Various Types of FR BarriersHighloft NonwovenDensified Nonwoven Densified NonwovenLaminated Nonwoven Laminated NonwovenKni...
Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens
Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens
Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens3. Mattress tickings laminated to nonwovens
Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens3. Mattress tickings laminated to nonwovens4. FR ...
Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens3. Mattress tickings laminated to nonwovens4. FR ...
FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon
FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon2. Wool
FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon2. Wool3. Glass fibers, ceramic fibers and para-aramids
FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon2. Wool3. Glass fibers, ceramic fibers and para-aramids4. Chemical treatments for cotton ...
UFAC Test Method for Cigarette IgnitionResistance
Cigarette Test – ASTM D5238-10
Cigarette Test – ASTM D5238-10
Open Flame Test Methods
Open Flame Test MethodsTemperature Sensing DeviceHorizontal Specimen Mounting Vertical Specimen MountingHorizontal Meeker/...
Open Flame Test MethodsVertical
Open Flame Test Methods0501001502002503003504004505001 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55Temp.FTime Sec.V...
Open Flame Test MethodsHorizontal – Based on ASTM 7140-07
Open Flame Test MethodsHorizontal – Based on ASTM 7140-0701002003004005006007008001 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 4...
Char Strength Test MethodsBall Burst – Based on ASTM 6797-07
Char Strength Test MethodsBall Burst – Based on ASTM 6797-07020406080100120140160180200ForceGramTravel InchChar StrengthSe...
Cigarette vs. Open Flame IgnitionFR barriers and the materials FR barriers aredesigned to protect can react very different...
Cost ConsiderationsThe choice of FR barrier used in the mattress industry isvery dependent on the fuel load the FR barrier...
Cost ConsiderationsThe choice of FR barrier used in the mattress industry is verydependent on the fuel load the FR barrier...
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Mattress Fire Barrier Technology

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A presentation on the current mattress open flame standard and various types of flame-retardant mattress materials and treatments.

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Mattress Fire Barrier Technology

  1. 1. Mattress Fire Barrier TechnologyPresented to:U.S. Consumer Product Safety CommissionUpholstered Furniture Fire Safety Technology MeetingApril 25, 2013By:Steve WolfJones Fiber Products, Inc.
  2. 2. Topics Discussed1. Brief overview of 16 CFR 1633, mattress open flamestandard2. Mattress fuel loads protected by FR barrier materials3. Mattress geometries protected by FR barrier materials4. Various types of FR barriers used in the mattressindustry5. Technologies and FR treatments6. Bench scale test methods addressing both cigarette andopen flame ignition7. Cigarette versus open flame ignition8. Cost considerations
  3. 3. 16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – Start of test
  4. 4. 16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – 70 seconds
  5. 5. 16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – 2 minutes
  6. 6. 16 CFR 1633Unprotected bed set – 2 minutes, 50 seconds
  7. 7. 16 CFR 1633Protected bed set – start of test
  8. 8. 16 CFR 1633Protected bed set result
  9. 9. Mattress Industry Desires for FR Barriers1. “Drop-in” or “Substitute” product for manufacturer2. White in color3. No free FR chemicals on product4. Durable over the life of the end use product5. Comfortable and invisible to the consumer6. Availability of national distribution channels7. Economical
  10. 10. Mattress Fuel Loads Protected byFR Barriers1. Wood in foundations2. Non-FR fiber pads3. Standard polyurethane foam4. Memory foam5. Latex foam6. Gel foam
  11. 11. Mattress GeometriesVertical and horizontal surfaces
  12. 12. Mattress GeometriesTight-top mattress with foundation crevice
  13. 13. Mattress GeometriesEuro top
  14. 14. Mattress GeometriesOne-sided pillow top crevice
  15. 15. Mattress GeometriesTwo-sided pillow top with foundation crevice
  16. 16. Mattress GeometriesCrevice burn
  17. 17. Various Types of FR BarriersHighloft NonwovenDensified Nonwoven Densified NonwovenLaminated Nonwoven Laminated NonwovenKnitted Socks
  18. 18. Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens
  19. 19. Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens
  20. 20. Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens3. Mattress tickings laminated to nonwovens
  21. 21. Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens3. Mattress tickings laminated to nonwovens4. FR fabrics and FR tickings
  22. 22. Technologies and FR Treatments1. Highloft nonwovens2. Densified nonwovens3. Mattress tickings laminated to nonwovens4. FR fabrics and FR tickings5. Socks
  23. 23. FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon
  24. 24. FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon2. Wool
  25. 25. FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon2. Wool3. Glass fibers, ceramic fibers and para-aramids
  26. 26. FR Treatments1. Inherent FR rayon2. Wool3. Glass fibers, ceramic fibers and para-aramids4. Chemical treatments for cotton and non-FRrayon fibers
  27. 27. UFAC Test Method for Cigarette IgnitionResistance
  28. 28. Cigarette Test – ASTM D5238-10
  29. 29. Cigarette Test – ASTM D5238-10
  30. 30. Open Flame Test Methods
  31. 31. Open Flame Test MethodsTemperature Sensing DeviceHorizontal Specimen Mounting Vertical Specimen MountingHorizontal Meeker/Fisher Burner Vertical T-Burner
  32. 32. Open Flame Test MethodsVertical
  33. 33. Open Flame Test Methods0501001502002503003504004505001 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55Temp.FTime Sec.Vertical Thermal Transfer1 23.72 24.83 23.94 24.85 24.1Average
  34. 34. Open Flame Test MethodsHorizontal – Based on ASTM 7140-07
  35. 35. Open Flame Test MethodsHorizontal – Based on ASTM 7140-0701002003004005006007008001 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55Temp.FTime Sec.Horizontal Thermal Transfer1 7.72 7.83 7.74 7.75 7.8Average
  36. 36. Char Strength Test MethodsBall Burst – Based on ASTM 6797-07
  37. 37. Char Strength Test MethodsBall Burst – Based on ASTM 6797-07020406080100120140160180200ForceGramTravel InchChar StrengthSeries1Series2Series3Series4Series5Average
  38. 38. Cigarette vs. Open Flame IgnitionFR barriers and the materials FR barriers aredesigned to protect can react very differently tocigarette versus open flame ignition sources.
  39. 39. Cost ConsiderationsThe choice of FR barrier used in the mattress industry isvery dependent on the fuel load the FR barrier isdesigned to protect and the geometries of the mattress
  40. 40. Cost ConsiderationsThe choice of FR barrier used in the mattress industry is verydependent on the fuel load the FR barrier is designed toprotect and the geometries of the mattressFor most mattress applications using high loft or densifiednonwoven materials, the weight basis used ranges from 0.5to 1.0 ounces per square foot. In generalities, the cost ofthese barriers will be in the range of $0.065 to $0.135 persquare foot. The cost of laminating nonwoven FR barriersto mattress tickings can be estimated at $0.045 to $0.055per square foot as a ball park range.

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