+        +++    2
+++++++    3
++++    4
+5
+6
+7
+8
+Speed of Manual   Kinesthetic   Force  Movements         Acuity      Control                                   9
++++    10
++             Speeds of Available   SVIA Proposed    Ages                 Products           ATV Speeds     6-9+         ...
+12
++    ‐    ‐    ‐+    ‐    ‐++        13
+14
++    ‐    ‐+    ‐        15
++                 90                                             82                             7 7 .5                 80...
++    17
++++    18
+19
+20
++    ‐        21
++    ‐    ‐        22
+23
+24
+25
+27
+Age (years)              28
+    Age      Number of       Typical top                                                             Examples  (years)   ...
+     Age       Number of         Typical top                                                                   Examples  ...
+             +    ‐    ‐+    ‐    ‐        31
++    ‐    ‐    ‐        32
+                                                       Child-Only     Child-Plus-Selections                              ...
++    34
++    35
++                               30    (out of 40 participants)                                        25                 ...
++    ‐    ‐+    ‐    ‐        37
++    ‐        Teen 2.8   Transitional 3.9+                                      38
++   “           ’                                ’        ”+   “               ’                                ’        ...
+             +    ‐    ‐    ‐    ‐+    ‐    ‐    ‐    ‐        40
++    ‐    ‐    ‐    ‐+        41
++           “   ”    “               ”    “        ”+    “                                 ”    “                        ...
+                                         +    ‐ “             ’                ’            ”    ‐    ‐+    ‐        “   ...
ATV Safety Summit: Vehicle Characteristics/Other Rulemaking Topics - Vehicle Characteristics and Youth ATVs
ATV Safety Summit: Vehicle Characteristics/Other Rulemaking Topics - Vehicle Characteristics and Youth ATVs
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ATV Safety Summit: Vehicle Characteristics/Other Rulemaking Topics - Vehicle Characteristics and Youth ATVs

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J. Paul Frantz of Applied Safety +Ergonomics showed this presentation during CPSC's ATV Safety Summit on Oct. 11, 2012. Frantz and his colleagues have conducted research on age appropriateness and recommendations for ATVs and other wheeled and motorized products for youth. They have also studied vehicle human factors related to on- and off-road vehicle control. He will present research regarding the development of age categorization aimed at reducing the number of children riding adult ATVs, including focus group and individual interviews with parents and youth. This work is further informed by a review of data and literature regarding physical, psychomotor, psychological, temperamental/affective, and social development. He will also describe the current practices in youth ATV classification, including the current utilization of the 2010 ANSI/SVIA age classification system.

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ATV Safety Summit: Vehicle Characteristics/Other Rulemaking Topics - Vehicle Characteristics and Youth ATVs

  1. 1. + +++ 2
  2. 2. +++++++ 3
  3. 3. ++++ 4
  4. 4. +5
  5. 5. +6
  6. 6. +7
  7. 7. +8
  8. 8. +Speed of Manual Kinesthetic Force Movements Acuity Control 9
  9. 9. ++++ 10
  10. 10. ++ Speeds of Available SVIA Proposed Ages Products ATV Speeds 6-9+ 10-18 10-15 10-13+ 15-45 15-30 14-16+ 17-38 20-30-38 11
  11. 11. +12
  12. 12. ++ ‐ ‐ ‐+ ‐ ‐++ 13
  13. 13. +14
  14. 14. ++ ‐ ‐+ ‐ 15
  15. 15. ++ 90 82 7 7 .5 80 65 70 Percentage 60 50 NPR 40 35 SVIA 30 2 2 .5 (transitional) 18 20 10 0 1 2 -1 5 Child- 6 -1 1 Child-Only Own Household Plus-Ot hers Scenario Scenario Scenario 16
  16. 16. ++ 17
  17. 17. ++++ 18
  18. 18. +19
  19. 19. +20
  20. 20. ++ ‐ 21
  21. 21. ++ ‐ ‐ 22
  22. 22. +23
  23. 23. +24
  24. 24. +25
  25. 25. +27
  26. 26. +Age (years) 28
  27. 27. + Age Number of Typical top Examples (years) products speed (mph) • Fisher Price go cart - 2 mph 1+ 9 2 • Fisher Price PowerWheels - 2 mph • Razor electric scooter - 1-2 mph 2+ 12 3.5 • Step2 electric tricycle - 3.5 mph • Peg Perego electric “ATV” - 2.5, 5 3+ 38 4.5 - 5 mph • BladeZ electric scooter - 14 mph 6+ 4 10 - 14 • Manco fun kart - 10-12 mph • Razor electric scooter - 10 mph 8+ 11 10 - 18* • Minimoto dune buggy - 18 mph*Some 8+ fun carts and 50-70 cc “new entrant” ATVs: 25 mph 29
  28. 28. + Age Number of Typical top Examples (years) products speed (mph) • Minimoto electric “ATV” - 15 mph 10 + 3 15 • Razor pocket bike - 15 mph • Manco fun kart - 22-24 mph 12 + * 16 15 - 45 • Baja Motorsports dirt bikes - 25-45 mph • Razor motorcycle - 17 mph 14 + 2 17 • Razor scooter - 17 mph • Goped scooter - 20 mph 16 + 9 20 - 38** • Manco fun kart - 36-38 mph Adult 1 20 • Electric pocket bike - 20 mph*POP labeling on Baja Motorsports products recommended age 12, owner’s manual recommended age 16.**Some 110cc “new entrant” ATVs marketed as “youth” were available with speeds of 45-50 mph. 30
  29. 29. + + ‐ ‐+ ‐ ‐ 31
  30. 30. ++ ‐ ‐ ‐ 32
  31. 31. + Child-Only Child-Plus-Selections Scenario Others ScenarioBoth selections (one from Set A and one from Set 52% 24%B) were age-appropriate for the target child.Mixed - One selection was age-appropriate and 34% * 39%the other was age-inappropriate for the target childBoth selections were age-inappropriate for the 9% 7%target childAdult category was selected first 5% 31% 33
  32. 32. ++ 34
  33. 33. ++ 35
  34. 34. ++ 30 (out of 40 participants) 25 NPR 25 23 SVIA (transitional) 19 20 Count 14 15 10 10 8 8 4 5 0 12 13 14 15 Age of Youngest Operator 36
  35. 35. ++ ‐ ‐+ ‐ ‐ 37
  36. 36. ++ ‐ Teen 2.8 Transitional 3.9+ 38
  37. 37. ++ “ ’ ’ ”+ “ ’ ’ ’ ’ ’ ’ ” 39
  38. 38. + + ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐+ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ 40
  39. 39. ++ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐+ 41
  40. 40. ++ “ ” “ ” “ ”+ “ ” “ ” 42
  41. 41. + + ‐ “ ’ ’ ” ‐ ‐+ ‐ “ ” “ ’ ” 43

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