Positioning the Subject and the Verb


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Positioning the subject and the verb.

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Positioning the Subject and the Verb

  1. 1. Positioning the Subject and the Verb University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>To describe different types of sentences </li></ul><ul><li>To help the student place subjects and verbs in the correct position </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Anatomy of a Sentence <ul><li>A sentence is a group of words containing a subject and a predicate </li></ul><ul><li>The subject tells who or what the sentence is about </li></ul><ul><li>The predicate tells what the subject is or does </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kinds of Sentences <ul><li>Depending on the type of sentence, the subject and the verb are placed in different positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Take a look at the examples that follow. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Declarative Sentences <ul><li>A declarative sentence makes a statement. It tells about something </li></ul><ul><li>The subject in declarative sentences is placed before the verb </li></ul>
  6. 6. Declarative Sentences Bob Jane Jack Subject Verb was a student. will go to the theater. has a blue car.
  7. 7. Interrogative Sentences <ul><li>An interrogative sentence asks a question </li></ul><ul><li>The subject in interrogative sentences is </li></ul><ul><li>placed after the verb, or between the </li></ul><ul><li>helping verb and the main verb </li></ul>
  8. 8. Interrogative Sentences Are When Will Subject Verb you a student? Nancy come with us? did she leave?
  9. 9. Imperative Sentences <ul><li>An imperative sentence gives a command </li></ul><ul><li>In imperative sentences the subject is omitted </li></ul><ul><li>The omitted subject of the sentence is always “ you” </li></ul><ul><li> Study now! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Imperative Sentences Study now! Go faster! come inside. Verb Jack,
  11. 11. Exclamatory Sentences <ul><li>Exclamatory sentences express strong emotions </li></ul><ul><li>I can’t wait for the weekend! </li></ul><ul><li>An exclamatory sentence can also be an imperative sentence </li></ul><ul><li> Watch out! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Exclamatory Sentences How beautiful it is ! that is excellent ! It is wonderful ! Jane, Subject Verb Adjective
  13. 13. Let’s Practice Change the example to a declarative, imperative, and exclamatory sentence. Example: Are you coming home tonight? ( Question ) Answers: Declarative : You are coming home tonight. Imperative : Come home tonight. Exclamation : It’s great you are coming home tonight!
  14. 14. For More Information <ul><li>Index English Grammar and Composition </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Tons of Fun with Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.seasite.niu.edu/flin/103_handouts/ </li></ul><ul><li> sentences_and_phrases.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Book Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.grammarbook.com /exercises/grammar/ </li></ul><ul><li> cnt_gram.html </li></ul>
  15. 15. Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Culture April-June 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano January 2005