Bullying Presenter: Jerry L. Painter   General Counsel Washington Education Association
Primary and Secondary Dimensions of Diversity Age Sexual/ Affectional Orientation Physical  Abilities/ Qualities/ Disabili...
In the Time of the Right:  Reflections on Liberation,  Suzanne Pharr, 1996 Power/Privilege Chart A B Power/Privilege The N...
Targets of Harassment in School <ul><li>Bisexual and gay/lesbian respondents were more likely to report </li></ul><ul><li>...
Victims Everyday 160,000 children stay home from school because they are afraid of being bullied
Victims 77% students report being victims 14% suffered severe reaction
Bullying <ul><li>Teasing, hitting & threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion </li></ul>
Anatomy of bullying <ul><li>Starts verbal - teasing and  put-downs </li></ul><ul><li>Progresses to physical </li></ul>
Frequency <ul><li>Hitting and threatening increase through elementary and peaks in middle school </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal ...
Bullying Incidents <ul><li>Two times as high in elementary as secondary </li></ul><ul><li>In elementary 2 times as much bu...
Locations <ul><li>Areas where little or no adult supervision </li></ul><ul><li>hallways </li></ul><ul><li>locker rooms </l...
Politically Correct <ul><li>Students less likely to make derogatory statements about others’ religion or race than appeara...
Boys Boys engage in and are victims more frequently than girls
Girls <ul><li>Tend to bully indirectly </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulating friends </li></ul><ul><li>Ostracizing classmates </l...
Anatomy of bullying <ul><li>Bullies almost always more popular than victim </li></ul><ul><li>Bully gains power and enjoys ...
Bullies Tend To... <ul><li>Achieve little in school </li></ul><ul><li>Leave school early </li></ul><ul><li>Be in trouble w...
Bullies Strong correlation between bullying and having legal or criminal troubles
Criminal Records <ul><li>60% of the boys identified as bullies in grades 6 to 9 had one criminal conviction by age 24, and...
Victims <ul><li>Typically anxious, insecure, cautious, and suffer low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Become target usually ...
Educational Impact <ul><li>Not  wanting  to go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Not talking up in class </li></ul><ul><li>Unabl...
Victims - signs <ul><li>Torn clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Bruises </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Running hom...
Victims Both bullies and onlookers believe victim is partially responsible
Who Is Guilty? <ul><li>Bully:  cool and in control </li></ul><ul><li>Victim:  crying and upset </li></ul>
Spectators <ul><li>43% attempt to help </li></ul><ul><li>33% feel they should help  but don’t </li></ul><ul><li>24% feel b...
Bystander <ul><li>Students become desensitized to abuse when appears to be condoned </li></ul><ul><li>Less likely to empat...
Adults <ul><li>Underestimate importance </li></ul><ul><li>See it as normal part of growing up </li></ul>
Administrators <ul><li>Buy into belief bullying normal </li></ul><ul><li>Children better working out problems on own </li>...
Teacher <ul><li>70% students feel teachers handle episodes of bullying poorly </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers sometimes feel po...
Successful Intervention <ul><li>Must involve entire school community </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t just focus on bully and victi...
Stopping Bullying <ul><li>Survey: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>teachers/staff </...
Stopping Bullying <ul><li>Must have buy-in from school board and administration </li></ul><ul><li>Approach must be sustain...
Stopping Bullying <ul><li>The ones to reach are the children who aren’t bullies or victims </li></ul><ul><li>Let bully kno...
What Parents Can Do   <ul><li>Talk with their children </li></ul><ul><li>Report incidents </li></ul><ul><li>Keep written r...
A Model For Making Our Children Safe Safe Schools Safe Families Safe Communities Safe  Children
It’s All About . . . <ul><li>School climate </li></ul><ul><li>School culture </li></ul><ul><li>School interactions </li></ul>
School Culture that Encourages Bullying <ul><li>Elitism/Privilege/Cultural Racism </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul>...
School Culture that Encourages Bullying <ul><li>Schools are not democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymity </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Euro-American (White) students were significantly more likely to be referred for: <ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Leavin...
African-American (Black) students were significantly more likely to be referred for: <ul><li>Disrespect </li></ul><ul><li>...
FAILURE TO PROTECT PRESENTED BY: JERRY L. PAINTER WEA GENERAL COUNSEL
SEXUAL HARASSMENT Presenter Jerry L. Painter General Counsel
Failure to Protect <ul><li>Growing area of litigation </li></ul><ul><li>Area schools are most vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li...
Percentage of Students Who Were the Target of “Offensive Comments or Attacks” Gay, Lesbian or Bisexual Heterosexual 34% 6%...
Percentage of Students Who Were the Target of “Offensive Comments or Attacks” Regarding Gender 51% 17% Female Male %
Percentage of Students Who Were the Target of “Offensive Comments or Attacks” 51% 51% 48% 45% 41% 36% 35% Regarding Race L...
Categories <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Physical disability </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Untested Grounds <ul><li>Persons of size </li></ul><ul><li>Disfigured persons </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul>
Free Speech vs. Legitimate Regulation
School Districts have  compelling interest to  eliminate discrimination  and harassment
Anti-harassment policies must be carefully written <ul><li>Does not punish speech, opinions or belief </li></ul><ul><li>Pu...
Targeted Speech <ul><li>Speech that targets a person for assault threat or vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Based on race, reli...
Non-targeting Speech <ul><li>Intensive and pervasive </li></ul><ul><li>Creates hostile environment </li></ul><ul><li>Hinde...
Overbroad <ul><li>Any statements that offends </li></ul><ul><li>Student may express beliefs </li></ul>
School Employees <ul><li>May be required to fulfill job descriptions and requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Treat all students...
What can a school district do? <ul><li>Adopt policy </li></ul><ul><li>Advertise policy </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformly enforce...
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Bullying(3)

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  • Bullying is a huge problem worldwide. That is why parents, cannot stick our heads in the sand when it comes to bullying. We cannot live in denial in the hope that it will not happen to our child. We need to arm ourselves with strategies to educate our children from the youngest age and helping them to learn and grow and to feel confident about themselves, coming out of these situations is the key. Bad things will happen. It’s a part of life and sometimes all you can do is be present for them. As a way of helping everyone especially the parents, who still find it quite hard to manage issues like this, I found this great application which featured a safety app which gets me connected to a Safety Network or escalate my call to the nearest 911 when needed, it has other cool features that are helpful for your kids with just a press of a Panic Button. Check it here: http://www.SafeKidZone.com/
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Bullying(3)

  1. 1. Bullying Presenter: Jerry L. Painter General Counsel Washington Education Association
  2. 2. Primary and Secondary Dimensions of Diversity Age Sexual/ Affectional Orientation Physical Abilities/ Qualities/ Disabilities Race Ethnicity Gender Sexual Behavior Parental Status Education Geographic Location Military Experience Religious Beliefs Marital Status Income Work Background
  3. 3. In the Time of the Right: Reflections on Liberation, Suzanne Pharr, 1996 Power/Privilege Chart A B Power/Privilege The Norm Dominator Less Power/Resources The Other Dominated Rich White Male Christian Heterosexual Able-bodied Poor People of Color Female Jews, Muslims, religious & minorities Lesbian, gay, bisexual & transgender people People with disabilities
  4. 4. Targets of Harassment in School <ul><li>Bisexual and gay/lesbian respondents were more likely to report </li></ul><ul><li>harassment than heterosexual youth for each type of harassment </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-ethnic and American Indian adolescents were most likely to </li></ul><ul><li>be targets of each type of harassment </li></ul><ul><li>4 out of 5 students who were harassed on the basis of sexual </li></ul><ul><li>orientation identified as heterosexual </li></ul><ul><li>Half of European-American girls and nearly one-half of boys were </li></ul><ul><li>targets of racial slurs, even in schools where they were the ethnic </li></ul><ul><li>“ majority” </li></ul>1995 Seattle Teen Health Survey
  5. 5. Victims Everyday 160,000 children stay home from school because they are afraid of being bullied
  6. 6. Victims 77% students report being victims 14% suffered severe reaction
  7. 7. Bullying <ul><li>Teasing, hitting & threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion </li></ul>
  8. 8. Anatomy of bullying <ul><li>Starts verbal - teasing and put-downs </li></ul><ul><li>Progresses to physical </li></ul>
  9. 9. Frequency <ul><li>Hitting and threatening increase through elementary and peaks in middle school </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal abuse remains constant throughout </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bullying Incidents <ul><li>Two times as high in elementary as secondary </li></ul><ul><li>In elementary 2 times as much bullying in school as to or from school </li></ul><ul><li>In junior high there are 3 times as much bullying in school as to or from school </li></ul>From: Childhood Bullying and Teasing, Dorothea M. Ross, 1996
  11. 11. Locations <ul><li>Areas where little or no adult supervision </li></ul><ul><li>hallways </li></ul><ul><li>locker rooms </li></ul><ul><li>restrooms </li></ul><ul><li>cafeterias </li></ul><ul><li>playgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>buses and bus stops </li></ul>
  12. 12. Politically Correct <ul><li>Students less likely to make derogatory statements about others’ religion or race than appearance and behavior </li></ul><ul><li>NICHD Survey Report </li></ul>
  13. 13. Boys Boys engage in and are victims more frequently than girls
  14. 14. Girls <ul><li>Tend to bully indirectly </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulating friends </li></ul><ul><li>Ostracizing classmates </li></ul><ul><li>Spreading rumors </li></ul>
  15. 15. Anatomy of bullying <ul><li>Bullies almost always more popular than victim </li></ul><ul><li>Bully gains power and enjoys control have over other </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior satisfies needs </li></ul><ul><li>Not likely to stop on their own </li></ul><ul><li>Bully less likely to empathize </li></ul><ul><li>Some bullies sexually aroused and sadist </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bullies Tend To... <ul><li>Achieve little in school </li></ul><ul><li>Leave school early </li></ul><ul><li>Be in trouble with the law </li></ul><ul><li>Perform below potential </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse their partners and children </li></ul><ul><li>Become violent parents/guardians </li></ul><ul><li>Female bullies become mothers of bullies </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bullies Strong correlation between bullying and having legal or criminal troubles
  18. 18. Criminal Records <ul><li>60% of the boys identified as bullies in grades 6 to 9 had one criminal conviction by age 24, and 40% had 3 or more arrests Olweus, 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Boys identified as bullies at age 8 had a 1 in 4 chance of having a criminal record by age 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Eron and Huessman, 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Normal is 1 in 20 </li></ul>
  19. 19. Victims <ul><li>Typically anxious, insecure, cautious, and suffer low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Become target usually because of appearance </li></ul>
  20. 20. Educational Impact <ul><li>Not wanting to go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Not talking up in class </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to pay attention (distracted) </li></ul><ul><li>Stay home - cut class </li></ul><ul><li>Lower grades </li></ul>
  21. 21. Victims - signs <ul><li>Torn clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Bruises </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Running home to use bathroom </li></ul>
  22. 22. Victims Both bullies and onlookers believe victim is partially responsible
  23. 23. Who Is Guilty? <ul><li>Bully: cool and in control </li></ul><ul><li>Victim: crying and upset </li></ul>
  24. 24. Spectators <ul><li>43% attempt to help </li></ul><ul><li>33% feel they should help but don’t </li></ul><ul><li>24% feel bullying is none of their business </li></ul>
  25. 25. Bystander <ul><li>Students become desensitized to abuse when appears to be condoned </li></ul><ul><li>Less likely to empathize </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to join in </li></ul><ul><li>Has more powerful effect than violent video games and movies </li></ul>
  26. 26. Adults <ul><li>Underestimate importance </li></ul><ul><li>See it as normal part of growing up </li></ul>
  27. 27. Administrators <ul><li>Buy into belief bullying normal </li></ul><ul><li>Children better working out problems on own </li></ul><ul><li>Victim bring on self </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline victim for fighting </li></ul><ul><li>By the time complaint reaches teachers/staff, it’s a last resort </li></ul>
  28. 28. Teacher <ul><li>70% students feel teachers handle episodes of bullying poorly </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers sometimes feel powerless to stop bullying </li></ul>
  29. 29. Successful Intervention <ul><li>Must involve entire school community </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t just focus on bully and victims </li></ul>
  30. 30. Stopping Bullying <ul><li>Survey: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>teachers/staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>principals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cafeteria workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bus drivers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>custodians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>parents/guardians </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Stopping Bullying <ul><li>Must have buy-in from school board and administration </li></ul><ul><li>Approach must be sustained and supported </li></ul><ul><li>Involve everyone at school and community </li></ul>
  32. 32. Stopping Bullying <ul><li>The ones to reach are the children who aren’t bullies or victims </li></ul><ul><li>Let bully know behavior isn’t acceptable </li></ul>
  33. 33. What Parents Can Do <ul><li>Talk with their children </li></ul><ul><li>Report incidents </li></ul><ul><li>Keep written records </li></ul><ul><li>Go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage friendships outside the home </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of rights and responsibilities </li></ul>
  34. 34. A Model For Making Our Children Safe Safe Schools Safe Families Safe Communities Safe Children
  35. 35. It’s All About . . . <ul><li>School climate </li></ul><ul><li>School culture </li></ul><ul><li>School interactions </li></ul>
  36. 36. School Culture that Encourages Bullying <ul><li>Elitism/Privilege/Cultural Racism </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic of Violence </li></ul>
  37. 37. School Culture that Encourages Bullying <ul><li>Schools are not democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymity </li></ul><ul><li>Strict gender roles -- especially for boys </li></ul>
  38. 38. Euro-American (White) students were significantly more likely to be referred for: <ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving without permission </li></ul><ul><li>Obscene language </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalism </li></ul>U.S. Department of Education 1998 - 1999
  39. 39. African-American (Black) students were significantly more likely to be referred for: <ul><li>Disrespect </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive noise </li></ul><ul><li>Threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Loitering </li></ul>U.S. Department of Education 1998 - 1999
  40. 40. FAILURE TO PROTECT PRESENTED BY: JERRY L. PAINTER WEA GENERAL COUNSEL
  41. 41. SEXUAL HARASSMENT Presenter Jerry L. Painter General Counsel
  42. 42. Failure to Protect <ul><li>Growing area of litigation </li></ul><ul><li>Area schools are most vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>Both State and Federal causes of action </li></ul><ul><li>Must name individual in federal cases </li></ul>
  43. 43. Percentage of Students Who Were the Target of “Offensive Comments or Attacks” Gay, Lesbian or Bisexual Heterosexual 34% 6% Regarding Orientation %
  44. 44. Percentage of Students Who Were the Target of “Offensive Comments or Attacks” Regarding Gender 51% 17% Female Male %
  45. 45. Percentage of Students Who Were the Target of “Offensive Comments or Attacks” 51% 51% 48% 45% 41% 36% 35% Regarding Race Latino Multi- ethnic White Amer. Indian Asian Amer. African Amer. SE Asian %
  46. 46. Categories <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Physical disability </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Harassment </li></ul>
  47. 47. Untested Grounds <ul><li>Persons of size </li></ul><ul><li>Disfigured persons </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul>
  48. 48. Free Speech vs. Legitimate Regulation
  49. 49. School Districts have compelling interest to eliminate discrimination and harassment
  50. 50. Anti-harassment policies must be carefully written <ul><li>Does not punish speech, opinions or belief </li></ul><ul><li>Punishes impermissible conduct </li></ul>
  51. 51. Targeted Speech <ul><li>Speech that targets a person for assault threat or vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Based on race, religion, nation origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation </li></ul>
  52. 52. Non-targeting Speech <ul><li>Intensive and pervasive </li></ul><ul><li>Creates hostile environment </li></ul><ul><li>Hinders ability of a person to get education </li></ul>
  53. 53. Overbroad <ul><li>Any statements that offends </li></ul><ul><li>Student may express beliefs </li></ul>
  54. 54. School Employees <ul><li>May be required to fulfill job descriptions and requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Treat all students with respect and without regard to race, religion, sexual orientation, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce rule to keep students safe </li></ul>
  55. 55. What can a school district do? <ul><li>Adopt policy </li></ul><ul><li>Advertise policy </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformly enforce policy </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct in service </li></ul>

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