Glenn Ricart - US Ignite Application Summit 2013 - Monday, June 24

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US Ignite Application Summit 2013

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  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • 0.019 Gbps compressed HDTV (over-the-air)
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Next-generation technology—The “gigabit” Internet is not about going faster, it’s about completely changing how we approach nearly every sector of our economy, as we transition to an Internet of Immersive Experience.There are three components to America’s next-generation gigabit networks – not just a “gig:”  Network Smarts. Rather than remaining relatively static, next generation networks will be able to adapt on the fly to the applications and usage patterns of the people and devices online. These capabilities can be delivered today via Software Defined Networking (SDN) and OpenFlow, In a sense, these new networking technologies allow application developers to “program everything” –not just traditional applications but also the network “slices” they run on.Local Cloud Compute and Storage. Many of the storage services we use today in the "cloud" are, in fact, remote computers and servers housed in data centers very far away.  Instead of shipping data and computational needs to a faraway server farm, neighborhood “local clouds” will permit us to store and interact with our data more quickly, inexpensively, and securely. Symmetrical Speed. Sheer speed is a vitally important factor, just not the only one. Next generation Internet applications require very high “symmetrical” speeds all the way to end users’ devices – this means up to one gigabit per second in both download and upload directions. Many discussions under-value the upload side of the connection, but the Internet of Immersive Experience will mean we are all as much producers of content and data as we are consumers.    
  • Glenn Ricart - US Ignite Application Summit 2013 - Monday, June 24

    1. 1. One Year Glenn Ricart CTO, US Ignite
    2. 2. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    3. 3. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    4. 4. Virtualization Network Function Virtualization 12
    5. 5. At My House 13
    6. 6. Tragedy of the Commons • Today’s Internet only works well because utilization is so low - Comcast: using > 4% is “excessive” - Verizon Wireless: slows your data at >0.03%* • Cheating is rampant • Vidyo, Jabber, OpenClove • * of 3G data on an unlimited plan as a long-term average
    7. 7. WWDD? 15
    8. 8. Go Virtual • Virtual server per application • Server configuration matched to app • Allocate as needed dynamically • More fault resilient • Easy to bill the server to the application • Incremental cost model increases $$$ 16
    9. 9. Go Virtual • Virtual network per application • Network configuration matched to app • Allocate as needed dynamically • More fault resilient • Easy to bill the net to the application • Incremental cost model increases $$$ 17
    10. 10. Ordinary Internet Tele-health Video Privacy + Provisioned on demand Community Wifi Public Safety Interactive Online Education High quality + Low cost Dialysis Control Reliability Network Function Virtualization
    11. 11. Virtualization Vision: Network virtualization will transform networking like server virtualization transformed datacenters. - Business reasons - Technical reasons 19
    12. 12. Virtualization Demos • Medelight (Extreme) • Network Powered BYOD Cloud (Juniper) • City of Ammon Emergency Communications Could benefit from dynamic virtualization • CASA • Real Time Emergency Response • And most everyone else 20
    13. 13. SDN • All major vendors are “in” • SDN deployments up an order of magnitude • Ships standard with Linux • Encouraged as part of CC-NIE 21
    14. 14. SDN • Network-wide optimization – Latency – Reliability – Reduce backbone traffic (multicast substitute) • Increases realism of distance interactions 22
    15. 15. SDN • Network-wide optimization – Latency: • Connected Collaboration – Reliability • WiRover • Reliable Process Control – Reduce backbone traffic • Connected Collaboration 23
    16. 16. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    17. 17. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    18. 18. Today • More bandwidth is better: “gimme a gig” • It belongs in a massive datacenter “cloud” Tomorrow • More responsive is better: I’m a locavore • The cloud comes to you to be more responsive 26
    19. 19. 27 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 0 5 10 15 20 25 Ricart experiment; bandwidth based on speedtest.net; 23% page load performance improvement on finance.yahoo.com picking different stocks; conducted 5/20/2013 Mbps as measured by speedtest.net Web page loads per second
    20. 20. 28
    21. 21. 29 1 <1 ms <1 ms <1 ms 192.168.109.1 2 52 ms 23 ms 28 ms 24.10.240.1 3 32 ms 9 ms 9 ms te-5-3-ur08.saltlakecity.ut.utah.comcast.net [68.85.39.109] 4 15 ms 11 ms 11 ms te-7-4-ar02.saltlakecity.ut.utah.comcast.net [68.87.170.13] 5 28 ms 23 ms 23 ms pos-0-2-0-0-cr01.denver.co.ibone.comcast.net [68.86.90.225] 6 25 ms 20 ms 20 ms 4.79.82.53 7 65 ms 64 ms 67 ms vlan52.ebr2.Denver1.Level3.net [4.69.147.126] 8 65 ms 64 ms 64 ms ae-3-3.ebr1.Chicago2.Level3.net [4.69.132.62] 9 65 ms 64 ms 65 ms ae-1-100.ebr2.Chicago2.Level3.net [4.69.132.114] 10 64 ms 65 ms 65 ms ae-6-6.ebr2.Washington12.Level3.net [4.69.148.145] 11 63 ms 64 ms 65 ms ae-5-5.ebr2.Washington1.Level3.net [4.69.143.221] 12 65 ms 64 ms 91 ms ae-82-82.csw3.Washington1.Level3.net [4.69.134.154] 13 88 ms 67 ms 65 ms ae-3-80.edge2.Washington1.Level3.net [4.69.149.142] 14 65 ms 63 ms 64 ms YAHOO-INC.edge2.Washington1.Level3.net [4.79.22.42] 15 65 ms 71 ms 63 ms xe-5-0-0.msr1.ac2.yahoo.com [216.115.108.147] 16 64 ms 63 ms 67 ms xe-2-2-0.clr3.ac4.yahoo.com [72.30.96.1] 17 65 ms 66 ms 71 ms gi-1-44.bas-n1.ac4.yahoo.com [76.13.1.69] 18 65 ms 65 ms 80 ms mcsl2.finance.vip.ac4.yahoo.net [76.13.115.116]
    22. 22. 30
    23. 23. 34 Local Cloud -or- Locavore Computing
    24. 24. 35 Local Cloud -or- Locavore Computing AOL MicroDatacenter
    25. 25. 36 Mike Manos, CTO of AOL Services: "We expect that MDCs will enable us to roll out five times the amount of total compute capacity in less than 10% of the cost and physical footprint of a traditional data center based deployment.”
    26. 26. 37 Local Cloud -or- Locavore Computing
    27. 27. 38 Local Cloud -or- Locavore Computing Federated Local Clouds
    28. 28. Today • More bandwidth is better: “gimme a gig” • It belongs in a massive datacenter “cloud” Tomorrow • More responsive is better: I’m a locavore • The cloud comes to you to be more responsive 39
    29. 29. Local Cloud (Locavore) • Local cloud at KC Hackathon • Project “slice power” to the end user 40
    30. 30. Local Cloud (Locavore) • Demos: – Cizzle – Real-time Emergency Response – Engage3D – Software Lending Library – Simulation as a Service – Network Powered BYOD Cloud – LITE Virtual Reality – Disaster Mitigation System – PlanIT – Augmented Reality for Virtual Classrooms 41
    31. 31. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    32. 32. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    33. 33. Video over a Gigabit • 1.493 Gbps uncompressed (HDTV) • 5.972 Gbps at 1080p and 120 Hz (medical images using DICOM) • 10.19 Gbps Red One Camera uncompressed • 23.89 Gbps 4K video
    34. 34. 4K Video • Supported by YouTube • 4K television sets from all major vendors
    35. 35. Progression 46 Demo: Engage3D
    36. 36. Why Not Compress (Better)? • End-user equipment not powerful enough • Cost of more powerful hardware not justified • Can’t wait • Cost of fast hardware not justified • Bandwidth within a city may be “free” 47
    37. 37. Gigabit to the End User • Demos – Connected Collaboration – Engage3D – Simulation as a Service – Software Lending Library – Cizzle – Network Powered BYOD Cloud – Remote Process Control (High Frame-Rate Video) – LITE Virtual Reality Workforce Development 48
    38. 38. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    39. 39. Next-Gen Infrastructure Virtualization / SDN Local Cloud (Locavore) Gigabit to the end user Infrastructure Next-Gen Applications Economic Leadership
    40. 40. Glenn Ricart
    41. 41. Revolutionary Forces • “Designing down” applications to fit • ISP pricing / usage trap • Growing gap between R&E & commercial • Big data • Open data • Spectrum limitations • Software-defined networking and NFV • Google
    42. 42. Chicken and Egg • Apps must assume today’s Internet - Work to fit within today’s bandwidths - Must work even with today’s latency • Infrastructure players say there are no apps that need more responsiveness • US Ignite exists to break this deadlock
    43. 43. An Internet of Immersive Experience • Bandwidth and latency both count • Make higher utilization work well • Get it closer (fewer hops) • Close network servers are faster than you are • Explicit traffic management (instead of implicit based on DPI)
    44. 44. 56 June 24-26, Chicago Demos of applications developed through NSF grants, Mozilla-Ignite Challenge, Industry Partner labs

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