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Former à l'information Brevets dans l'enseignement supérieur

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État des lieux (inter)national des dispositifs pédagogiques et des pratiques informationnelles en matière de Propriété industrielle dans l'enseignement supérieur

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Former à l'information Brevets dans l'enseignement supérieur

  1. 1. Former à l'information Brevets dans l'enseignement supérieur Manuel DURAND-BARTHEZ Unité régionale de Formation à l’Information scientifique et technique de Paris – URFIST École nationale des Chartes Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche
  2. 2. État des lieux  Postulat : forte carence de la P.I. dans l’Enseignement supérieur  En France : attitude résolument réticente du milieu académique universitaire vs. l’info Brevets => ≅ 2000 ◦ Forte tendance à privilégier l’article de revue scientifique de haut rang (évaluation administrative bibliométrique) ◦ Brevet = document moins « noble », trop « technique », secondaire
  3. 3. État des lieux  Cette tendance négative affecte notamment les filières universitaires de type STM (Sciences, technologie, Médecine) + spécialement visées ici  Au contraire des écoles d’ingénieurs françaises : attitude résolument positive depuis ≥ 1990
  4. 4. Programme P-150 de la LOLF (recherche universitaire)  OBJECTIF n° 9 : Contribuer à l’amélioration de la compétitivité de l’économie nationale par le transfert et la valorisation des résultats de la recherche ◦ INDICATEUR 9.1 (du point de vue du citoyen) : Part des opérateurs du programme dans les brevets déposés (INPI + OEB) ◦ INDICATEUR 9.2 (du point de vue du contribuable) : Part des ressources apportées aux opérateurs par les redevances sur titre de propriété intellectuelle ◦ INDICATEUR 9.3 (du point de vue du contribuable) : Part des contrats de recherche passés avec les entreprises dans les ressources des opérateurs
  5. 5. Exemples français  En région Midi-Pyrénées : ENSTIMAC (Mines Albi-Carmaux) initiation dès la première année  En Île-de-France: ENS Ponts- ParisTech (filière Ingénieur / Génie industriel) 13 séances de 3 heures, 7 enseignants
  6. 6. Exemples français  Propositions INPI (outre les formations classiques) : Former les Enseignants et les Formateurs ◦ Formateurs à la propriété industrielle: booster votre potentiel pédagogique ◦ Formateurs à la PI : booster votre potentiel de communication en formation ◦ Génération innovation: enseigner la propriété industrielle au lycée
  7. 7. Exemples français  Études spécifiquement juridiques à l’inverse plutôt bien dotées (28 filières, recensement INPI 2009)  Le CEIPI de Strasbourg accueille une proportion significative d’étudiants issus de filières STM, la double qualification restant une condition évidemment et éminemment importante
  8. 8. Exemples à l’international  La compétition MIT $100K: implique des étudiants dans la mise au point d’un processus industriel assorti d’un prototype brevetable http://www.mit100k.org/  À l’occasion de son 40ème anniversaire, l’OEB a organisé en 2013 une compétition similaire
  9. 9. Exemples à l’international  2 autres initiatives OEB : ◦ IP Teaching Kit ◦ EPO Virtual Classrooms Online
  10. 10. Enquêtes et bilans  Teaching of Intellectual Property (Takagi et al.) ed. WIPO 2008 ◦ Référence de base s/ l’analyse du sujet  Jon R. Cavicchi, prof. & dir. rech., Law School Univ. New Hampshire, Franklin Pierce IP Center  http://www.ipmall.info/hosted_resources/TeachingI P.asp
  11. 11. Enquêtes et bilans  Report on Research by the National Union of Students (NSU) for the IP Awareness Network and the Intellectual Property Office (Royaume- Uni, octobre 2012) ◦ Student Attitudes towards Intellectual Property http://ipmall.info/hosted_resources/Teaching_IP/IPAN-NUS- IPO_student_attitides_to_IP_report_sml_0.pdf  Également le constat d’une carence majeure
  12. 12. Plagiat = 73% Brevets = 12% NSU Report : interprétation de la notion d’I.P. Majoritairement Intellectual vs. Industrial Property
  13. 13. NSU Report  Incompétence ? Students are not convinced that academics are well-informed about IP issues. Only 52% believed their lecturers were well- informed about IP issues.  Inadéquation [> 50% ] students wanted the relevance of IP for their studies and future career to be more clearly set out and integrated into their course  Information tardive Currently, very few students report receiving information about IP at key times, for example, just 4% said they received information before a placement (p. 32-33)
  14. 14. La symbiose P.I. / STM : un RV manqué ?  Ph. Mendes, consultant Opteon, Brisbane (AU) conférence OMPI mars 2013: ◦ Focus is not IP teaching to lawyers  But rather IP teaching to other disciplines ◦ Lawyers are taught law… ◦ Accountants are taught accounting… ◦ Scientists are taught science, and ◦ …Engineers are taught engineering…!  There isn’t room, so it is said, for anything else – the syllabus already being too crowded
  15. 15. La symbiose P.I. / STM : un RV manqué ?  John Villasenor, blogger Forbes Magazine 27/11/2012  All universities should require their STEM graduate students to participate in a short (…) training session on “IP Basics” at the beginning of their 1st year of study.  Sondage UCLA 2012 filière Ingénieurs (J.Vilasenor) :
  16. 16. Exemples de «short training sessions on “IP Basics”»  « Micro-réalisations » en matière de formation: au Service commun de documentation de l’Université Paul Sabatier (Toulouse 3) fin 2003 - fin 2009 ◦ Séances de 2h30 présentant Espacenet à tout public intéressé, avec commentaires sur les notions essentielles ◦ M1-M2 : T.P. sur Chemical Abstracts ; montrer que le brevet est au moins aussi important que l’article académique
  17. 17. «Short training sessions on “IP Basics”»  Format standard 2 X 3h (URFIST Paris 2009=>) ◦ Principes juridiques fondamentaux ◦ Interrogation des bases de données  Cible principale: doctorants STM Potentiellement M2 voire M1  Évolution vers des pédagogies innovantes ◦ « interactive, web-based training sessions » (J.Villasenor, ibidem)
  18. 18. Objectif : prospecter, évaluer  Examiner l’État de la Technique vs. l’axe de travail de l’équipe, du Labo…  Définir les codes CPC / IPC adéquats  Constituer un répertoire de demandeurs et d’inventeurs du domaine  Cartographier les données  Avoir une base de discussion avec les spécialistes P.I. qui récupèrent le dossier
  19. 19. Application Patent2Net  Développé sous licence libre (CECILL-B)  Scripts python d’interrogation d’EspaceNet  À télécharger sur Git : https://github.com/Patent2net/Patent2Net  DEMO (version Web) : http://patent2net.vlab4u.info 1 9
  20. 20. Chaîne de traitement P2N Collecter Analyser Explorer Présenter Visualiser • Navigateur • Iramuteq Analyser • Gephi • Tableur
  21. 21. Objectif : Ingénieur « hybride » ?  La partie juridique et administrative suscite chez certains stagiaires STM une vocation de Patent Liaison  i.e. garder sa spécificité d’Ingénieur, de membre d’une équipe de Labo  + exercer une fonction d’interface avec les services de Valo ou de T.T
  22. 22. Pour conclure  Pourrait s’appliquer à la France comme à d’autres pays…  Aux futurs ingénieurs chimistes comme à ceux d’autres secteurs industriels… ◦ Le mot de la fin à Norman B. RAINER, Eltex Res. Corp. (Providence, R.I.) Criteria for the chemist in choosing a career in patent work …/… [Symposium Challenges and Opportunities for Chemists in Patent Work, American Chemical Society Meeting, Division of Chemical Literature, September 7, 1961, Chicago-IL], Journal of chemical documentation, vol. 2, n°3, July 1962, p.144-147
  23. 23. 1961-2015… In conclusion, it is seen that a patent chemist is a sort of professional chameleon. He can be part chemist, chemical engineer, lawyer, businessman, or salesman. In view of the great diversity of gradations of challenging job characteristics, it is a wonder that the field is not overcrowded and « book solid » for years to come

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