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Summer University 2013: URBACT Talk - Camilla Van Deurs "CITIES FOR PEOPLE"

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Talk given by Camilla van Deurs - Architect MAA, PhD, partner at Gehl Architects - at the URBACT Summer University 2013 at the Trinity College, Dublin.

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Summer University 2013: URBACT Talk - Camilla Van Deurs "CITIES FOR PEOPLE"

  1. 1. URBACT TALK: CITIES FOR PEOPLE  Camilla VAN DEURS, Architect MAA, PhD, Partner in Gehl Architects, External Professor of Urban Design KUA, Boardmember Danish Architects Association Title of Your Presentation 2
  2. 2. GEHL ARCHITECTS - URBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS A SMALL MULTIDICIPLINARY OFFICE IN COPENHAGEN, DENMARK
  3. 3. Three questions…
  4. 4. 1. Can you measure what you care about? Measure systems and characteristics of things or measure people and outcomes (health, happiness, safety). Create design and policy incentives that foster sustainable behavior
  5. 5. WE ARE INTERESTED IN WHY SOME PLACES ENDS UP BECOMING UNINTERESTING, UNSAFE AND DESERTED
  6. 6. … WHILE OTHER PLACES ARE INCLUSIVE, INSPIRING, SAFE AND LIVELY
  7. 7. 57 countries in 5 years
  8. 8. Public Space-Public Life Studies - Across geography Summer weekday
  9. 9. Copenhagen 1968, 1986, 1995 and 2005
  10. 10. UDVIKLINGEN AF GÅGADER I INDRE KØBENHAVN
  11. 11. Who is invited to the city? Number of cafe chairs throughout Copenhagen inner city The number of café chairs rose by 61% between 1986-1995 The number increased by another 47% between 1995-2005 Number of parking spaces in Copenhagen inner city 23% of inner city parking was removed between 1986-1995 Another 13% was removed between 1995-2005
  12. 12. Brighton New Road beforeShared spaces in cities….
  13. 13. … and after
  14. 14. TRAFFIC SAFETY AUDIT 93% REDUCTION IN MOTORISED TRAFFIC - CAR SPEED FALLEN TO <13MPH 22% INCREASE IN CYCLING, 150% INCREASE IN PEDESTRIAN ACTIVITY 600% INCREASE IN LINGERING ACTIVITY
  15. 15. 2. WILL PLANNERS AND ARCHITECTS HAVE A LARGER ROLE IN PUBLIC HEALTH THAN MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS?
  16. 16. Mexico City
  17. 17. Time spent in traffic average 4 hours
  18. 18. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 U SA Canada U nited Kingdom France Italy G erm any Sweden A ustria N etherlands Switzerland D enm ark PercentofObesity 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 PercentofWalk,CycleandPublicTransit Obesity Walk, Cycle, Public Transit Source: Pucher and Dijkstra, “Promoting Safe Walking and Cycling to Improve Public Health, Am Journal of Public Health, Sep 2003. CourtesyofGilPeñalosa
  19. 19. 37%
  20. 20. Physical health improves – cycling everyday makes you live longer •Studies show physical activity is more important than weight for health •Danish studies show cycling regularly for 20 years can increase your life span by 7 years
  21. 21. Money invested 50% earned in 7 extra years of productive life 20% saved on fewer days of illness 30% on health care savings
  22. 22. 3. CAN WE SHIFT THE DISCOURSE ABOUT SUSTAINABILITY?
  23. 23. ØRESTAD IS FULL OF SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS – BUT IS IT SUSTAINABLE AS A WHOLE?
  24. 24. A CITY OF SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS? CROWNE PLAZA - WORLD’S FIRST NET ZERO HOTEL Green Key Net Zero Carbon Neutral
  25. 25. A CITY OF SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS? DOES ØRESTAD ADDRESS SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND HOLISTICALLY CONCEIVED ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS?
  26. 26. Should we be focussing on Livability instead? Sustainability is about the viatality of the planet tomorrow A global issue Livability is about the lifestyle of people today A local issue
  27. 27. Case : Christchurch
  28. 28. Before November 2009 City Mall
  29. 29. After March 2011 City Mall
  30. 30. DRAFT RECONSTRUCTION PLAN FOR CHRISTCHURCH
  31. 31. A DISTINCTIVE CITY DISTINCTIVE CITY PROVIDES THE FRAMEWORK FROM WHICH A WELL-DESIGNED CENTRAL CITY WILL DEVELOP. AVON RIVER PARK/PAPAWAI TAKAROŌ
  32. 32. We can exemplfy change rather than lobby for it! Urban prototyping as a way to ensure effective use of resources, time and money
  33. 33. WORLD CLASS STREETS GEHL ARCHITECTS UNDERTAKES A PUBLIC SPACE & PUBLIC LIFE SURVEY. THE WORK IS PUBLISHED BY DOT 2008
  34. 34. PUBLIC SPACES ARE HARD TO GET TO
  35. 35. Columbus Circle - before
  36. 36. Columbus Circle - after The pilots focused on areas where success was most likely – People cycled already and traffic was minimal
  37. 37. Times Square - before
  38. 38. Times Square - after
  39. 39. 40% decrease in pedestrian injuries in Times Square 74% of New Yorkers say Times Square has improved dramatically 42% of NYC residents shop in Times Square more often 84% more people are lingering (eg. Reading, eating) The percentage of area employees satisfied with the Times Square experience increased by 72% (from 43% to 74% of those surveyed)
  40. 40. Thank you! Camilla van Deurs – Gehl Architects Partner, Architect MAA, PhD External professor of Urban Design, KUA Boardmember, Danish Architects Association

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