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City of Trieste


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Presentation delivered by Elena Marchigiani, Deputy Mayor for Town Planning, Mobility and Traffic, Housing, Trieste, for URBACT Training for Elected Representatives on Integrated and Sustainable Urban Development.
Seminar 3 (2-4 December 2013, Brussels, Belgium): Sustainability and change. How can cities tackle the challenges of climate change and assess their progress? And how to intervene in complex energy transitions while improving a city's quality of life?

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City of Trieste

  1. 1. PILOT TRAINING FOR ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES Seminar 3 – Sustainable cities 2-4 December 2013, Brussels Lead Partner Project Partner Host City Thematic Network CITY OF TRIESTE Arch. Elena Marchigiani Deputy Major for Town Planning, Mobility and Traffic, Housing USEAct
  2. 2. TRIESTE is the capital of the autonomous region Friuli Venezia Giulia and is located at the northeastern end of Italy. The Region borders Austria on the North, Slovenia on the East (through the Carso Plateau), and the Adriatic Sea on the south. The Municipality of Trieste covers an area of 84,5 square kilometres, with a population of 211.184 inhabitants (2.499,22 people per square kilometre).
  3. 3. History and Urban Growth: 1718
  4. 4. History and Urban Growth: 1857
  5. 5. History and Urban Growth: 1857
  6. 6. Resources and Potentials Today Trieste is one of the main commercial ports of the North Adriatic together with Monfalcone and Koper (SLO). Employment opportunities are mainly related to the presence of the headquarters of institutions, international companies and important industries (Region, Province, Municipality; Generali and Allianz Assurance Companies; Fincantieri, Illy Caffè, Wärtsilä Italia). The presence of SMEs is still poor. Therefore employment is mainly concentrated in the service sector. Trieste is known as the City of Science, because of the presence of a large University (more than 20.000 students) and of many scientific institutions and research centres (Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, International School for Advanced Studies, Synchrotron laboratory, AREA Science Park – which is the first multisector Science and Technology Park in Italy and one of the most important in Europe). Tourism is a growing sector, with large potentials due to the historical estate, the cultural and sport events offered by the city. The quality of life is very high, thanks to a rich network of public services and to the beauty and variety of landscapes.
  7. 7. USEact Network Topics The USEAct project (2012-2015) aims to achieve urban development and new or improved settlement opportunities for people and businesses taking up residence in existing locations: - without consumption of further land and at the same time developing real estate economies - making the most of the historic building heritage - reducing energy consumption - cutting back on further infrastructure building/management costs
  8. 8. Our Challenges in the frame of USEact In Trieste the national and local crisis has been bringing to a standstill of main economic activities. The process started decades ago, but now it is reaching its peak with the closure of large factories and the abandonment of huge areas and buildings. As for demographic trends, Trieste is facing a stop in the growth of population, whereas the death rate is only matched by immigration. Moreover, the amount of elderly is nearly reaching the 30% of the overall population, showing trends that anticipate European forecasts for the next decades. In recent decades Trieste has witnessed the change of several background factors that have transformed geopolitical and economic scenarios. Strategies and planning tools must face this new reality: the fall of Eastern trade barriers on the Slovenian and Croatian border and the need for the Government of the City to define new roles and new approaches to development and competitiveness in an increasingly wide and complex territorial frame. The strategic location and the quality of landscape and services can be recognized as the main potentials to focus on, in order to enhance tourism, agriculture, craft and culturalscientific sectors. Sectors that can make the city able to attract new population, investments in the renewal of city spaces and further economic activities (mainly in the fields of light production and green economy).
  9. 9. Our Expectations Expectations: Sharing experiences in the field of tools, strategies and projects on the issues of urban reuse Sharing projects and solutions, in order to increase the energy efficiency and functionality of buildings, with particular reference to historical estate Deepening strategies and planning tools to manage the issue of properties fragmentation and re-use of brownfields and former military areas Sharing different approaches to coordinate different institutional actors in charge of planning strategies Upgrading of skills and competences within the Municipality and the Civil Society What we will develop: Planning and building code models in order to minimize the use of resources and further urban growth, to promote the reuse of existing buildings and areas, greater energy efficiency of buildings, participation models Project experiences aimed to the revitalization of parts of the city by means of economic and comprehensive redevelopment plans Experiences and tools on participatory processes A Local Action Plan
  10. 10. Our Issues and Approach Integrated urban planning (mixing uses, working on different scales) Community planning (match public and private sector, mix different actors) TOPICS - Regenerate abandoned areas (mainly former military districts) - Stop land consumption - Promote reuse of existing spaces and building for new public spaces and facilities in peripheral districts, mixing different uses and social groups ENGAGEMENT OF Urban Local Support Group (ULSG) LOCAL ACTION PLAN (LAP)
  11. 11. Working on Different Scales GENERAL TOWN PLAN Since the elections held in 2011, the new Administration has started a new frame of urban policies, mainly focused on drawing the new General Town Plan. The plan adoption process will start in December 2013. SITE SPECIFIC The target area is a complex part of the city within a peripheral district: social housing, abandoned military areas, public fair, factories
  12. 12. The Target Area
  13. 13. The Target Area Former Military area (Min. of Defence) Former Fair (Municipality of Trieste, Trade Chamber, Province) Former Military area (Municipality of Trieste) – started Former Military area (Municipality of Trieste) - started Former Military area (Social Housing Agency) - done Former Factory (Private investors)
  14. 14. The Target Area 1 2 5 3 4
  15. 15. The Frame: New General Town Plan Mixing and connecting 1 4 3 2 1 4 2-3
  16. 16. The Hardware (Capitalizing Projects): EU
  17. 17. The Hardware (Capitalizing Projects): National and Local Plan for Cities (PfC - Urban Regeneration Project) Micoaree Project (MP - Community Development Project: Municipality, Social Housing Agency, Public Health Agency, NGOs) LAP ? New Public Archives (PfC) LAP ? New Museum of the “war for peace” (PfC) Urban police station Science Museum LAP ? Council housing estate (MP)
  18. 18. A first Draft of General Issues for LAP Labs for the restoration of old documents? New spaces for SMEs? New open spaces and facilities for the neighbourhood? • • • Start from the “hardware” given by projects for public services (archives, museums), that have already been funded (continuity of Public Action) On-going projects are not already closed and completely defined (urban project as an open process) Go on with the process of opening to the city abandoned areas, adding new public spaces and places for new economic activities (re-use as re-appropriation of urban space by citizens)
  19. 19. Local Support Group (LSG): What we have already done General Town Plan Involved stakeholders: Municipality Departments (town planning, public works and public estate, culture, social assistance, economy) Municipality decentralized bodies and citizens Associations of architects, urban planners, landscape and conservation architects of the Province Building, cultural, economic associations Participative activities: - technical and public meetings - focus group - topic groups Citizens have been involved with meetings and questionnaires
  20. 20. Local Support Group (LSG): What we are going to do Site specific Stakeholders Municipality Departments (town planning, public works and public estate, culture, social assistance, urban police) Municipality decentralized bodies State Public Health Agency, Social Housing Agency Private foundations and NGOs Civil society and Citizens University? Professional Associations? Economic and Cultural Associations? How the LSG will be delivered Technical meetings with different Municipality Departments and public institutions (core group) One to one meetings (interviews, or small group meetings) with “key persons” representing other stakeholders Public meetings open to citizens and civil society Topic groups and Focus groups on specific issues we “discovered” during meetings and interviews
  21. 21. My role in LSG As a political administrator, within a process which is strongly driven by PA • Promote a participatory process enabling citizens and civil society to be active part of an urban regeneration process (join elective democracy and representative democracy) • Stimulate the development of new approaches and tools (innovation) • Ensure the success of the process and the feasibility of its results (efficacy) • Promote the involvement of citizens not only in the definition of the project but also in its realization (sharing responsibilities and costs)
  22. 22. Long Term and Quick Win Solutions Big results can also be achieved by means of small (but clever, site specific and participated) transformations Self renewal of buildings? From the experiences in school spaces Light interventions for the upgrading of public spaces? Social urban gardens?
  23. 23. Contact email