UQ QAAFI - Ambassador's Speaker Series Oct 2013

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Food Security in the Asia Pacific: Can we have our fuel and eat it too? Presentation by Prof Robert J Henry, Director of the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation at the University of Queensland

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UQ QAAFI - Ambassador's Speaker Series Oct 2013

  1. 1. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Food Security in the Asia-Pacific: Can we have our fuel and eat it ?II Robert J Henry Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
  2. 2. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation RESEARCH FRONTIERS Meeting the global challenge Innovations to feed, fuel & heal a growing & aging population in an environmentally sustainable way UQ Research frontiers
  3. 3. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Food Security
  4. 4. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Africa
  5. 5. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Australia-Asia
  6. 6. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation World population growth Population growth
  7. 7. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Food consumption per person One billion starving Two billion obese
  8. 8. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Progress in crop production Ray et al. (2013) PLOS One 8: ee66428
  9. 9. Advances in DNA Technology
  10. 10. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Global importance of Australian Rice Sotowa M, Ootsuka K, Kobayashi Y, Hao Y, Tanaka K, Ichitani K, Flowers JM, Purugganan MD, Nakamura I, Sato Y-I, Sato T, Crayn D, Simon B, Waters DLE, Henry RJ and Ishikawa R (2013) Molecular relationships between Australian annual wild rice, Oryza meridionalis, and two related perennial forms. Rice
  11. 11. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Asian and Australian rice Species A Species B Asian Australian Oryza meridionalis Oryza australiensis
  12. 12. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Aleurone Endosperm Pericarp Embryo Protein, Starch Minerals, Vitamins Dietary Fibre Antioxidants Processed Fibre Bioactives Next Generation Wheat Initiative
  13. 13. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Chapatti quality
  14. 14. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Protein and loaf volume Test baking Glen Fox and Terry Taylor
  15. 15. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Starches and Human Health Wheat relative A and B type Granules A: <10µM B: 10-50µM Rice like Granules Rigid dodecahedrons 2-5µM Compound granules Sorghum granules 10-30µM Spherical to non-uniform polyhedral
  16. 16. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Koepke T, Schaeffer S, Harper A, Dicenta F, Henry RJ, Moller BL, Sanchez-Perez R, Dhingra A (2013) Comparative Genomics Analysis in Prunoideae to Identify Biologically Relevant Polymorphisms. Plant Biotechnology Journal 11, 883-893. Whole genome comparative DNA analysis for crop improvement
  17. 17. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Why Coffee? Coffee is one the most traded commodities worldwide and is the second commodity exported by developing countries. More than 75 million families, almost exclusively in Southern countries, rely on coffee production. Out of the more than 100 Coffea species, only 2 are widely cultivated, C. arabica (75% of the market) and C. canephora (25%). Improvement is still necessary to better tolerate biotic (fungi, bacteria, nematodes, insects…) and abiotic (drought) stresses. XIX PAG 2011
  18. 18. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Coffee Consortium Nestlé R&D: Dominique Crouzillat Michel Rigoreau UMR DIADE: Alexandre de Kochko Romain Guyot Christine Tranchant Valérie Poncet Perla Hamon Serge Hamon Claudine Campa Stéphane Dussert Thierry Joët UMR RPB: Philippe Lashermes Benoît Bertrand Marie-Christine Combes François Anthony UMR AGAP: Xavier Argout Thierry Leroy GENOSCOPE: Patrick Wincker Università di Trieste: Giorgio Graziosi Alberto Pallavicini ENEA: Giovanni Giuliano Gaetano Perrotta EMBRAPA: Alan C. Andrade University at Buffalo: Victor Albert University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign: Ray Ming Hawaii Agriculture Research Center: Chifumi Nagai Ming-Li Wang University of Arizona: Steve Rounsley University of Queensland: Robert Henry University of Ottawa: David SANKOFF ICCRI: Priyono Coffee Bord of India: Jayarama
  19. 19. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Wild coffee species
  20. 20. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Energy security
  21. 21. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Declining Australian oil production Australian production Imported Oilconsumption 2010 2020 Source: ABARE $30  Billion  
  22. 22. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Bioenergy   Economics   Climate change   Security of energy supply
  23. 23. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation US and Australian Navy
  24. 24. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Biofuel from non-food plants Biomass (cellulose) Sugars Pre- treatment Enzyme Ethanol Aviation FuelBiodiesel
  25. 25. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Sugarcane   Souza GM, Berges H, Bocs S, Casu R, D’Hont A, Ferreira JE, Henry R, Ming R Potier B, Van Sluys MA, Vincentz M and Paterson AH (2011) The sugarcane genome challenges: Strategies for sequencing a highly complex genome. Tropical Plant Biology 4: 145-156.
  26. 26. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) in sugarcane leaves McQualter et al UQ Biodegradable plastics from plants
  27. 27. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Eucalypts Shepherd M, Bartle, J, Lee DJ, Brawner J, Bush D, Turnbull P, Macdonell P, Brown TR, Simmons B and Henry R (2011) Eucalypts as a biofuel feedstock. Biofuels 2: 639-657.
  28. 28. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Domestication of New Crops Henry RJ (2011) Next generation sequencing for understanding and accelerating crop domestication. Briefings in Functional Genomics 11: 51-56.
  29. 29. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Domestication of new grains for food
  30. 30. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Domes&ca&on  of  new  species  for  bioenergy  
  31. 31. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Conflict between human and natural selection   Fragrance Bradbury LME, Gillies SA, Brushett D, Waters DLE, Henry RJ (2008) Inactivation of an aminoaldehyde dehydrogenase is responsible for fragrance in rice. Plant Molecular Biology 68: 439-449.
  32. 32. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Impact of climate change on biodiversity and agriculture Cronin, JK, Bundock, PC, Henry, RJ and Nevo, E (2007) Adaptive Climatic Molecular Evolution in Wild Barley at the Isa Defense Locus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 104: 2773-2778.
  33. 33. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Adaptation to Climate Collection sites from sea level to mountain tops Fitzgerald TL, Shapter FM, McDonald S, Waters DLE, Chivers IH, Drenth A, Nevo E and Henry RJ (2011) Genome diversity in wild grasses under environmental stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 108, 21139-21144.
  34. 34. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Website http://www.climatechangegenomics.org/index.php
  35. 35. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Improved Genetics for Food and Energy Sexton TR, Henry RJ, Harwood CE, Thomas DS, McManus LJ, Raymond C, Henson M and Shepherd M (2012) Pectin methylesterase genes influence solid wood properties of Eucalyptus pilularis. Plant Physiology 158: 531-541 Kharabian-Masouleh A, Waters DLE, Reinke RF, Ward R, Henry RJ (2012) SNP in starch biosynthesis genes associated with nutritional and functional properties of rice. Scientific Reports 2, 557
  36. 36. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation New Land for Agriculture
  37. 37. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Rainfall to Support Agriculture
  38. 38. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation World Population Increasing in the Tropics
  39. 39. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation QS Ranking of Universities Field of Agriculture and Forestry 2013 World Rank Country Rank 1 Davis 1  Wageningen 4  Cornell 5  Wisconsin 5 Texas A&M 6 Purdue 7 University of Queensland 1 29 The University of Adelaide 2 30 The Australian National University 3 42 University of Melbourne 4 49 The University of Sydney 5
  40. 40. Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation Food, Fibre, Energy & Biomaterials Science for Sustainable Agriculture and Food QAAFI is funded by the University of Queensland and the Queensland Government

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