Fuel Cells - the opportunities Karen Sperrey Operations Director UPS Systems plc
Our role in this consortium • We are…. • Not Fuel Cell manufacturers • Specialists in Standby Power, equipment, installation and servicing • Fuel Cell integrators, often asked to assist manufacturers. • Often asked to evaluate products • Actively promoting their commercialisation • Market educators
A fuel cell is… “a device which generates electricity, heat and water by reacting fuel and air without burning”.
They were first demonstratedby Sir William Grove in 1839
Battery or generator?• Like batteries, fuel cells produce power from a chemical reaction• Unlike batteries, fuel cells process fuel to provide power
Differing technologies1. All combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat and water2. Many differing technologies & fuel types3. Some are more advanced than others4. All have actual or potential niche benefits
The UK Market• Currently in an ‘early adopters’ stage• High levels of interest in product offering• Estimates suggest market may be $1bn by 2020• Erroneously seen as “future technology” currently not available to businesses• Forecast is of very high potential for FC development
Summary• Wide range of technologies and fuel types• Some technologies available now• Some cost-effective now• Product selection for niche markets is key.• Capital costs falling over time
They appeal to people who…• Are emission sensitive• Have no external space for a generator• Benefit from having the power generation source in the computer room• Need longer runtimes but don’t have space for large battery racks• Have strong CSR• Like to be early adopters• Have remote power (off-grid) requirements
UK Fuel Cell InstallationsStationary and portable applications for standby and prime power.
University of GlamorganRenewable Hydrogen Research and Demonstration Centre. “Hybrid” solar and fuel cell system.Solar generated H2 with storage facility ‘Green’ Hydrogen filing station Linked to 12KW Fuel Cell to providepower coverage for parts of the centre.
Environmental Energy Technology Centre – Rotherham Self-sustainable technology park Hybrid system - 229 KWatt wind turbine, plus 36kW of Fuel Cells and Inverters to provide a 3 Phase/415 Mains Supply. Surplus electricity
Small Office / Datacentre Environment / 25 Users / 24/7 Backup1st AC installation of fuel cell forstandby power in the UK in 2005Supporting IT infrastructureservers and PCs.12kW FC solution linked to a 3 Phase UPS
London Mews Installation– Limited space– Planning & environmental issues prevented installation of diesel generator– Requirement for 24/7 standby power– 40kVA UPS & 36kW fuel cell solution– Sited near the server room– Bespoke hydrogen store created to provide 4hrs run time before cylinders require changing.
Application 1: Wind monitoring Npower renewables Renewable Energy Systems– Uneconomical access to grid– Continuous remote power required– Low power long run-time– EFOY Units and “cube” containers– Some modular solutions 1,2,3 or 4 units together
Application 2: Aqueduct, reservoir & telemetry systemsSevern Trent Water / Elan Valley reservoirWelsh Water– Uneconomical / limited access to grid power– Sensitive Environment - pollution and noise free– Reservoir level & telemetry flow monitoring– Low power long run-time needed– Power for security access to reservoir hatches– Fuel Cell monitored by REMO ™
Application 3: Conservation monitoringEnvironment Agency – Eel transfer gate and monitoring system – Remote, reliable & quiet power needed – Uneconomical access to grid – EFOY Pro 2200 and 56 litres of Methanol – 4 months between visits
Other Application Areas:CCTV & SurveillanceMovement SensorsWildlife PhotographyMeteorology InformationLIDAR (Light and Detection and Ranging)Other Customers:MOD & Home Office (NDA)Mixed unitsFeasibility studies