World Summit participants were greeted by international leaders of the Universal PeaceFederation (left to right): Dr. Chang Shik Yang, Vice Chair; Dr. Thomas Walsh, President; H.E.Stanislaw Shushkevich, member of the Presiding Council; and Mr. Taj Hamad, Secretary General.
Leaders from seven religions offered prayers and lit candles for peace.
World Summit 2013Global AssemblyPeace and Security in East AsiaFocus on Africa and the Middle EastFocus on the AmericasFocus on Europe and EurasiaFocus on the Asia-Pacific Region.
UNITED STATES• We believe yourparticipation in this WorldSummit will make animpact and help promotepeace, security and humandevelopment around theworld.Dr. Thomas G. WalshPresident, Universal PeaceFederation, Chair, PlenarySession I
REPUBLIC OF KOREA• Let us work together tobuild ideal families andnations, and let us jointogether as nations, asreligions, as members ofcivil society to create onefamily under God.Dr. Hyung Jin Moon,Chairman, UniversalPeace Federation
Participants included current and former heads of state and government, first ladies, religiousleaders, women leaders, and parliamentarians.
REPUBLIC OF KOREA• North Korea is developingnuclear weapons and hasone of the largest militaryforces in the world. Thesituation on this peninsulaand throughout East Asia isquite serious.• Therefore, this WorldSummit on Peace, Security,and Human Development isextremely important andtimely.Dr. Chang Shik Yang ViceChairman, Universal PeaceFederation
REPUBLIC OF KOREA• Sixty years after the KoreanWar, Korea has becomeone of the top economiesof the world. That wouldnot have been possiblewithout help from theglobal community.• Now it is time for Korea toaid the global community.Hon. Choung Byoung Gug,Member of Parliament
Eight hundred people from 91 nations attended the plenary sessions.
The keynote speakers addressed the overall conferencetheme of “Peace, Security, and Human Development,”offering their reflections, insights, and recommendationsconcerning the critical issues that face their nation, theirregion, and the world.Drawing on their experience as leaders, the keynotespeakers recommended steps that may be taken to achievepeace and prosperity. Recommendations focused on therole of government as well as civil society, the privatesector, and the media.
AFGHANISTAN• Peace and security areblessings from God.• It is vital to use all theteachings that comefrom God and take wiseand bold measures toestablish lasting peace andsecurity.H.E. Mohammad Karim Khalili,Vice President
FEDERATION OF BOSNIAAND HERZEGOVINA• Knowing the horrors of war, todayas a politician I act in a way so thatthose horrors of war would nothappen again, neither to us nor toothers.• I was a soldier and a general, andthe ideals that I have fought forwere freedom, justice, and truth,confident that those ideals -- oncewe attain and defend them --would ensure peace for everyone.• Later, after the war, I realized thatthose against whom I fought wereconvinced that they were fightingfor exactly the same ideals as well.Realizing this has introduced me toa new "dimension" ofcomprehension of events andphenomena.H.E. Zivko Budimir,President
GUINEA-BISSAU• Tolerance and harmonyamong faiths is practiced inour cities and villages.• However, people’s economicand social well-beingworsened with the instabilitythat the country experiencedin the last decade and a half;and only a legitimategovernment, based onpopular will expressed at thepolls and imbued withpatriotic spirit, can halt andreverse the process.H.E. Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo,President
KOSOVO• I am proud to have been atthe forefront of people whochose human rights,dedication to peace,tolerance, and economicdevelopment.• I insisted on reconciliationand normalization ofrelations with Serbia. My sonand all our children will neveragain live in fear, will neveragain be taught of hate.Hon. Hashim Thaci,Prime Minister
MALI• We may wear differentclothes, have different skincolor, and speak differentlanguages, but fundamentallywe are all the same humanbeings. That is what allows usto understand each otherand feel close to each other.• In the name of our commonhuman family, in the name ofhumanity, I appeal for yourhelp for my country, OURcountry, Mali, to come out ofits dangerous impasse.Mme Mintou Doucoure Traore,First Lady
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE• The family as the mostfundamental social unit isessential to the well-being ofall of society, and thereforeno effort should be spared tostrengthen it.• We make daily efforts toimprove mutualunderstanding, because weare obligated to live together,regardless of our differences.We try to live with respectfor diversity and differentideas and supporting thebuilding of consensus.Hon. Alcino Martinho de Barros Pinto,President of the National Assembly
The 13 high-level delegations included one from Fiji,headed by First Lady Mme Adi Koila Mara Nailatikau.
UPF INTERNATIONAL• Your Excellencies, thequality of presentationsthus far has beenremarkable, filled withinsight and vision, and Ibelieve we can all betterappreciate the value of thisWorld Summit.Mr.. Taj Hamad, SecretaryGeneral; Chair, PlenarySession II
SOLOMON ISLANDS• From 1998 to 2003 my countrywent through a period of ethnictension and social unrest.• The Solomon Islands womenwere empowered to promotepeace at the front line,encouraging former combatantsto lay down their arms and talkpeace. Our women were anextremely helpful part of thecommunity-wide approach todisband the conflict, whichresulted in both parties agreeingto surrender their arms andobserve a ceasefire.Mme Bronwyn Noda Lilo,wife of the Prime Minister
SRI LANKA• I attempted to create in myconstituency a center for allreligions to be respected andhonored; I wanted people tobe able to visualize the idealsof religious harmony, toactually see it, feel it andtouch it.• In this interfaith peace parkthere is a Buddhist temple, aChristian church, a Hindukovil, and a Muslim mosque.Hon. D. M. Jayaratne,Prime Minister
TANZANIA• Peaceful and stableneighboring countries openthe way for economicintegration and promotionof investment and trade.• As brothers and sisters, asmothers and fathers, as ayoung generation, weshould uphold the sanctityof humanity before ourambitions and desires.Mme Tunu Rehani Pinda,wife of the Prime Minister
TIMOR-LESTE• The “New Deal” brings a newhope for the sustainabledevelopment of fragileStates, enabling betterleadership by the recipientcountries and bettercoordination of internationalassistance.• To focus on the realitiesinherent to the beneficiariesand their needs will havegreater impact on theirpeople.Hon. Xanana Gusmao,Prime Minister
ZIMBABWE• More than 30 African stateshave embraced a newthinking that puts “people”first in their nationalagenda.• These countries, under theguidance of young leaders,are steering the continenttowards a positive era ofAfro-optimism.Hon. Morgan R. Tsvangirai,Prime Minister
Session on Peace and Security in East Asia: Chaired by Dr. Anthony Guerra, President of theWashington Times Foundation, USA
Critical Issues in East AsiaThis session featured speakers who addressed the critical issues facing EastAsia and especially the Korean Peninsula .With a number of new-generation leaders in China, Japan, and both Southand North Korea, there remain many wide-ranging challenges, includingnuclear weapons development in North Korea, economic dominance andmilitary development in China, disputes over island territories, traderelations, and a global shift toward the Asia Pacific.Speakers offered insights and analyses that provided perspectives andrecommended solutions to the critical challenges.
UNITED STATES• Some would say that thegreatest deterrent to war isthe unlikelihood of victory fora would-be aggressor.• If that is so, a rebalancing ofthe defense priorities of thedemocratic nations of EastAsia should be morevigorously debated.• We almost certainly need topursue both a strong defenseand all the means of softdiplomacy, public andprivate, that can bemustered.Dr. Anthony J. Guerra,President, TheWashington TimesFoundation, USA
REPUBLIC OF KOREA• Reunification should takeplace through peace; ittakes time.• There should be a de factoreunification before thelegal reunification; thiswould reduce expendituresand help transform theceasefire to a peace treaty.Gen. Dong Won Lim,Minister of Unificationduring the administrationof Korean President KimDae-jung, 1998 to 2003
REPUBLIC OF KOREA• UPF-Korea has laid afoundation and has nurturedmany trainers who go back totheir countries and spreadthe message they learned inKorea.• We would like to share ouractivities and experience andknowledge so we can we canjoin hands together inpeacemaking in Korea andthe world.Rev. Jeung Rho Yoon,Chair, UPF Korea
JAPAN• Due to the incredibledifficulty in de-nuclearizingPyongyang, the internationalcommunity must respondwith either massive rewardsor harsh penalties.• We should envisage thetentative freezing of thenuclear and missiledevelopment programand/or its oversight by theInternational Atomic EnergyAgency or another UNagency, with the ultimateobjective of total de-nuclearization.Amb. Tetsuya Endo,former Ambassador in Chargeof Japan-North KoreaNormalization Talks, formerVice Chairman of the AtomicEnergy Commission
UNITED STATES• Only when nations areprosperous can we begin touse our knowledge and ourtalents to help the lessfortunate.• And only when free nationscan continue to buildstrong families with a God-centered value system canwe hope to become abetter world.Hon. Dennis Hastert,Speaker of the House ofRepresentatives, 1999 to 2007
Four sessions addressed critical regional issues.
Focus on Africa and the Middle EastAfrica and the Middle East are two of the most dynamic regions of ourcontemporary world, evidenced in developments such as the “Arab Spring”across much of North Africa and in Arab nations of the Middle East, as well asthe rising, positive economic trends in Africa and the strengthening of theAfrican Union.In contrast, there is widespread poverty and insurgencies that continue incountries such as Mali and the Democratic Republic of Congo.What are the critical issues facing these regions, and what are steps that canbe taken toward peace, security, and human development?
Session on Africa and the Middle East: chaired by H.E. Jean Ping, Former Chairpersonof the Commission of the African Union and former President of the UN General Assembly
NIGERIAWhile Africa has achieved muchprogress, it continues to grapple withways to end violent conflicts withtheir devastating record of deaths,suffering, and displacement of civilianpopulations. What is needed is anintegrated and comprehensive yetcoherent approach that includes, inaddition to political and militaryactivities, transparent and urgentimprovements in the areas ofenvironmental protection, humanrights, good governance,democratization, economic growth,and poverty eradication.Prof. Ibrahim Gambari,former UN Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs,former Joint African Union-United Nations SpecialRepresentative for Darfur
GHANAThe corrupt tendencies by somein the private sector, especiallythe foreign ones, are causinghavoc in Africa, and they aredoing it with impunity. Thequality of socio-economic justiceon the continent is low. Ordinarypeople at the grassrootsnormally do not harbor ethnic orreligious hateful feelings againstone another when governmentsensure the rule of law or justice.H.E. Jerry Rawlings,President, 1981 to 2000
BURUNDIThe strict enforcement of theArusha Accords during thetransition period allowed us toachieve a rapprochementbetween the Hutu majority andthe Tutsi minority, thenegotiation of a cease-fire withrebel Hutus with the backing ofthe Tutsi leadership, a peacefulintegration of rebel fighters intothe national army, theorganization of national elections,and the inauguration of a newlyelected President.H.E. Domitien Ndayizeye,President, 2003 to 2005
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICOF THE CONGOThe Government of the DR Congowill assume its responsibilities torestore peace and security withinits borders. We welcome theframework Agreement for Peacein the Great Lakes Regionbetween 11 states of that regionand the UN. The deployment of aNeutral International Force tosecure the problematic Easternborder of the DemocraticRepublic of the Congo, especiallywith Rwanda and Uganda, willcertainly help to create theconditions for a lasting peace.Hon. Mr. Lambert Mende Omalanga,Minister of Information
EGYPTUNESCO’s constitution begins:"Since wars begin in the minds ofmen, it is in the minds of men thatthe defenses of peace must beconstructed." It doesn’t mentionwomen. Women, who give life, arealso the dynamic force to protectlife. The culture of peace meansabove all understanding the Otherin its difference, understandingthe stranger, understanding theone who belongs to anothernation, another ethnic group,another religion.Dr. Sonia Ramzi,former Head of thePromotion of CulturalHeritage, UNESCO
EGYPTI come from a region that iswitnessing a rare and difficultmoment of rebirth. It is a historicmoment, when peoples of theregion rose to defy years ofstagnation and expressed theirdevelopment aspirations. Faith,persistence, and adherence to theprinciples of respect and dialoguecan and will carry us through.Egypt, throughout its history, hasbeen known to promote andsupport action towards peace andpeaceful coexistence within andbetween nations.Hon. Hisham Badr,Assistant Minister ofForeign Affairs
JORDANThe international communityhas a mission to support theArab peoples in the process ofreform and transformationtoward justice, democracy, andhuman dignity. This means italso has to move with full forceto stand in the face of thedictatorial regimes and thwarttheir plans and crimes againsttheir peoples -- not to remainsilent or stand by hesitating tomove against these bloody andunjust regimes.Dr. Hamdi Murad,Professor at the World IslamicSciences and EducationUniversity, Amman
ISRAELYou cannot imagine what itmeans for a man like me,coming from Israel, to sit downhere with my neighbors fromArab countries. This is morethan I could have believedwould happen in decades ofworking for peace. This is justthe beginning of creating peacebetween people. If we had atwo-state solution, I could visitmy new friend in EastJerusalem. He is welcome in myhome any time.Hon. Ran Cohen,Member of the Knesset,1984 to 2009
Hon. Ran Cohen embraces Professor Abdel Rahman Abbad from East Jerusalem: “If a two-statesolution is adopted, his home would be open to my family and my home open to his family.”
Session on the Americas: chaired by Mr. Thomas McDevitt (2nd from right),Chairman of the Washington Times Newspaper, Washington DC,. USA
Focus on the AmericasThe Americas represent a diverse range of countries, cultures, and peopleswho reside in nations from Argentina to Canada, from the Antarctic to theArctic.While the USA has been the undisputed superpower of the region, if not theworld, recent trends in globalization, a re-centering of power toward theAsia Pacific, and multilateralism are changing the dynamics.Nations such as Brazil and Mexico have vibrant, growing, dynamiceconomies. Parts of Canada are booming due to the discovery of energyproducts needed by the world. How are we to understand the currentchallenges facing the nations of the region in a global context?
UNITED STATESWe all want to make sure peaceprevails. But one thing we mustalways remember is there willalways be tyrants who want totake over our freedoms andforce us into their way of life,or to take away those thingsthat we hold dear. While wetalk about peace we mustremember there are those whoadvocate taking people’s rightsaway from them and leadingthose people and thosecountries in differentdirections.Hon. Dan Burton,Member of Congress,1983 to 2013
UNITED STATESI was not born in the USA. It’smy adopted country. But nonation in the history ofmankind has sent its men andwomen to die so others maylive free. Americans nurturedthe tree of freedom on shoresfar away from its land. Theynurtured the tree of freedomwith their precious blood.Amb. Sam Zakhem,former US Ambassadorto Bahrain
NICARAGUAAlthough Latin America has achievedsome success in dealing with theglobal economic crisis, it remainsfragile and needs better skills to riseabove these challenges and be ableto join the globalized world withimpact and strength: We mustovercome poverty andunderdevelopment, creating morejobs, sustainable and in anappropriate number, to slow themigration of millions of LatinAmericans who leave their homes insearch of employment and a betterfuture.H.E. Arnoldo Aleman Lacayo,President, 1997 to 2002
PANAMAFrom my experience at an NGOaimed at promoting developmentopportunities for families inextreme poverty and eliminatehazardous child labor, we realizedthat for a country to achieve realpeace, freedom, and democracywe must eradicate poverty and thelack of education. We give priorityto programs that benefit thedisadvantaged and give access tothe opportunities that the rapidgrowth and dynamic economy ofPanama provides to its citizens.Hon. Roxana Mendez Obarrio,Mayor, Panama City
CANADASecure property rights was a majorkey to sustained humandevelopment. Simon Bolivar, elLiberator, eschewed a property-owning democracy and the rule oflaw in favor of dictatorship. Themain reason for developmentdifferences in the Americas is thatsome populations enjoy betterrepresentative government withgood constitutions and institutionsof governance, the rule of law, andthe sanctity of private property forall.Hon. David Kilgour,Secretary of State for LatinAmerica and Africa, 1997 to2002
CANADACanadas commitment to theprinciples of peace, security, andfreedom go hand in hand witheconomic development. Canadawants to engage its partners in theAmericas to promote efficient,innovative, and open markets.Canadians assist many countriesthrough peacekeeping missions andhumanitarian aid. Our initiative inCentral America focuses on policetraining, border security, supportingconflict resolution, human rights,and prevention of violence.Hon. Dr. Don Meredith,Senator
Dra. Lupe Rosalia Arteaga Serrano, former President of Ecuador, asks about people’s vision forthe ways women can contribute to peacebuilding.
The Tongil Foundation, chaired by Mr. Kook Jin Moon (center), hosted a luncheon showcasinginnovative Korean enterprises.
Session on Europe and Eurasia: chaired by Mr. Mark Brann, Secretary General, UPF-Europe
Focus on Europe and EurasiaEurope and Eurasia represent two major economic, political, andmilitary power blocs in our world. Three of the five permanentmembers of the UN Security Council are included in the geographicregion that reaches from the Atlantic to the Urals.The European Union represents one of humanitys noblest andmost challenging efforts toward a united, regional association ofsovereign states, and the USSR was itself an effort to form a unionof states, albeit in a very different way.Contemporary Europe, post-Soviet Russia, and Eastern Europe haveundergone rapid and profound changes. How are we to understandthese changes and challenges in light of our theme, “Peace,Security, and Human Development”?
THE NETHERLANDSThe construction of Europe wasan interesting mix of competitionamong firms regardless of theirnationality and solidarity with lessdeveloped regions. Peace requireshard work; it is not somethingwhich floats down from the air,but is the result of using allinstruments available to theinternational community. Withouta minimum of security, therecannot be development; therecannot be stability and securitywithout lasting development.Dr. Willem van Eekelen,Former Defense Minister,
AUSTRIAI was born and brought up only500 meters from the former IronCurtain. There was hardly anynight when I could not hear thebarking dogs that followed thepeople who tried to flee their owncountries. Now people can crossthe border each day in order towork. This is one of the biggestsuccesses you can imagine. Wehave to try to preserve it andexpand it.Dr. Werner Fasslabend,Minister of Defense, 1990to 2000
ALBANIAOur region consists of Alliedcountries, aspirant countries, andpartners with NATO or the EU.Security and defense reforms in theregion have grossly reduced the risksof conventional confrontation. This isreflected through the developmentof small professional forces withmainly defensive capabilities, underthe control of civilian authorities.Forms of regional cooperation haveexpanded in the political, economic,and security areas.Prof. Dr. Arta Musaraj,Deputy Minister of Defense
RUSSIAN FEDERATIONRussia, like other countries of theworld, is looking for ways to solvethe existing modern contradictionsThe world has the prospect ofcreating a single global ethics onthe basis of norms of behaviorthat are actually being practiced inmodern societies. Economics,science, politics, and otherspheres of activity have reachedsuch a degree of complexity thatthey can operate successfully onlyin single social systems.Hon. Elena Drapeko,First Vice Chair of theCommittee of Culture,State Parliament
BELARUSRussia has been seeking forms ofintegration that would assert itssupremacy and at the same timeencourage the CIS countries to joinassociations proposed by Russia.The post-Soviet space in Europeand Asia went throughrevolutionary upheavals; but itseems that old patterns mayprevail. Social reforms have sloweddown or have been perverted andpeople no longer speak aboutbuilding capitalism or improvingthe wellbeing of the people.H.E. Stanislav Shushkevich,Chair of the Supreme Council,1991 to 1994
MONGOLIAA pattern of thinking more aboutsociety than ones own family,more about the nation than onessociety, and more about theworld than ones own nation hasbeen cultivated in the Mongolianmind-set. Chinggis Khaan said,“Develop yourself, then yourfamily, and then your nation.” Inthe 21st century, with itsoverwhelming moral decline, theMongolians merit of moralitypassed on through their lineageshould be awakened.H.E. Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat,President, 1990 to 1997
UNITED KINGDOMIf a society is to be cohesive, itneeds shared values. Today thefaiths need to come together toaffirm those shared values, asthey have done in the GlobalEthic. The struggle today isbetween true religion and itsmisuse as an ideology. Leaders ofall faiths have repudiated the useof religion to justify terrorism. Acrime in the name of God is acrime against God.Rev. Dr. Marcus Braybrooke,Chairman. World Congress ofFaiths
Session on the Asia-Pacific: chaired by Hon. Jose de Venecia, former Speaker of the House ofRepresentatives, Philippines; Chairman, International Conference of Asian Political Parties
Focus on the Asia-Pacific RegionMuch is said about the emergence of the Asia-Pacific era. What are thecentral characteristics of this rise? What are the opportunities? What are thechallenges? What is the significance of the rise of China as a superpowernation and India as the world’s largest democracy? What is the significance ofthe ASEAN nations, the Pacific Forum, and other nations of South Asia?Asia is our most populated region and increasingly the center of economicand political power. It is also the birthplace of the world’s great religions.Speakers will address contemporary trends and directions in Asia as well aschallenges and problems, offering constructive recommendations toward theexpansion of a realm of peace, security, and human development in theregion.
JAPANA nation should have the primaryresponsibility for its own politicalsystem and make it suit itspeculiar situation, such as itshistory, tradition, culture, andpopular dispositions. Theinternational community shouldhonor a country’s endeavors andextend indirect help such asofficial development aid, trade,investment, technology transfer,tourism, and academic andcultural exchanges. More thananything, a country’s unity andstability must be maintainedwhile its people’s life andproperty must be protected.Amb. Yoichi Yamaguchi,former Ambassador toTurkey and Myanmar
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OFCHINAInternational security will facethree major threats in the 21stcentury: threat from increasingnetwork attacks, threat fromclimate change to humansurvival and development, andthreat from biological weapons.Therefore, peace anddevelopment are still the themesof the times. They are reflectedin exchanges and dialogues,integrity and cooperation, andthe common aspiration andpursuit of governments andpeoples of various countries.Dr. Mingjun Jiang,General Director,International Eco-SafetyCooperative Organization
NEPALIn Nepal, we are learning to buildpeaceful, economic ties betweenIndia and China for our ownsurvival. There needs to be aninnovative strategy for steadyeconomic growth, and this mustbe based on an inclusive,cooperative mindset.Cooperation is the only way outof the current economic andpolitical crisis. When we do this,then both the Asian and worldeconomies can achieve robust,sustainable, and balancedgrowth.Hon. Ek Nath Dhakal,Minister of Cooperativesand Poverty Alleviation
AUSTRALIAA number of factors are key in theAsia-Pacific: a level of economicprosperity, social cohesion, andgeneral well-being. The more thefollowing factors are present, thehigher the well-being of people:free enterprise, genuinedemocratic government, rule oflaw, opposition to totalitarianism,upholding the family unit,religious tolerance, and God-centered values. The age oftotalitarianism is coming to anend, and the age of freedom anddemocracy is with us.Hon. David John Clarke,Member, Legislative Councilof the Parliament of NewSouth Wales
NEW ZEALANDWe need to ask ourselves, arewe prepared and ready to helpothers? Will we defend notonly our own liberty but that ofthose who are strangers to us?Will we keep helping untilpeople can stand on their own?Let us not assume a falsegenerosity for the sake ofapplause or to extend oureconomic influence but givefreely to others so that theymay stand on their own.Mr. Colin Craig,Founding Leader ofthe Conservative Party
Panel presentations stimulated responses from the audience. Making a comment is Prof. Dr.Shamsher Ali, Founder Vice Chancellor of Bangladesh Open University and Southeast University.
World Summit 2013 speakers called for cooperation among governments, civil society, theprivate sector, the media, and people of faith for greater peace, security, and development.