Below is a summary of what WVI is doing around the world to support DRR so we can transform our communities-at-risk to resilient communities.
World Vision in the LAC Region is conducting an applied research pilot in Brazil and Peru. It has developed a hybrid model that combines the resilient lives/sustainable livelihoods approach with the 5 HFA thematic areas, all of which have an impact on the ability for a community to build resilience. All of these thematic areas are represented by the spokes in a wheel (as seen in the Resilience Wheel Model). The resilience wheel model submits that the wheel (representative of the community) is only as strong as the weakest spoke (which are the HFA and sustainable livelihood thematic areas). The 7 resilient lives/sustainable livelihood thematic areas considered by the model are as follows: Human-Cultural, Environmental-Health, Economic-Financial, Social-Political, Physical-Structural, Technological-Scientific, and Spiritual Capital. The following definition is used for each of these assets to help our communities to be transformed from a state of vulnerability to a state of resilience: “ To increase the ability for girls, boys adolescents, youth and adults in ADP communities to anticipate, avoid, withstand, minimize, and/or recover from the effects of natural- or human-induced adversity—whether shocks, stressors, and/or disasters.
The “crowning jewel” of the CRP LACRO assessment process is the Critical Point Analysis. Through its application, the CRP can identify what the negative and positive “critical points” are in the ADP communities. The Negative Critical Point –is the principal root cause of the problem that is causing the community to experience one or multiple factors of risk (i.e., vulnerabilities and/or exposure to hazards). The Positive Critical Point is the principal positive adaptive coping mechanism to counteract the negative critical point and help the community to “bounce back” from adversities? In applying the positive critical point, the community can effectively and efficiently address the primary root cause(s) of the problem offsetting multiple risk factors with multiple protective factors, DRR and a wider, larger and more diversified asset-base. The Positive Critical Point needs to be determined for both a) the resilient lives/sustainable livelihoods spokes (green) and b) the HFA thematic areas spokes (brown) of the resilience wheel.
There are 3 major strategic elements that resiliency and DRR projects can jointly employ, which CRP LACRO has adopted: Risk-based approaches, which aim to reduce adversity—whether shocks, stressors or disasters Asset-focused approaches, which aim improve and add to the multi-factored asset-base in the lives of children, adolescents and youth (CAY) and their communities, and Protection-based approaches , which aim to mobilise CAY and their community’s positive adaptive coping strategies Note how each of the project components relates to the development-disaster continuum. Some components lean more towards disaster risk reduction, whereas others are more related to development risk reduction. The RL/SLA and process oriented resiliency protective factors applies throughout the disaster-development continuum.
Over a number of years World Vision Africa has developed tools for community engaged in disaster risk reduction with the participatory rural appraisal styled Community Owned Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (a.k.a. COVACA) being one of the outputs of the processes. The tool is used by communities in their risk assessment programmes, and a community based DRR programmes.
A number of training programmes have been designed to advance the use and application of COVACA. These trainings, allow for greater integration of DRR into community projects in the areas of food and livelihoods security, strengthening of community institutional capacities in the dissemination and use of early warnings, development of community based disaster preparedness plans and linking these plans to the local government and central government plans to ensure mutual complimentarity.
Our programmes have been extended to cover children of between 6 – 18 years in DRR, by involving children as activity participants in DRR initiatives. We give space for children to air out their voices, getting the opportunity to investigate the risks around their living environment (schools, homes and communities) and establish their roles in the management of risks. This allows them to be protected and better protect themselves against both natural and manmade hazards.
In Asia Pacific World Vision is active in Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction all over the Region. This is usually built into our long term Area Development Programmes. We have found that the greatest impact is achieved when working in conjunction with local government structures and partners as in examples found in Bangladesh, India, Cambodia and many other places. Two focal areas of active learning are: Firstly, in the Philippines we are developing a model for Child Focused DRR in partnership with the Psycosocial Support and Child Rights Resource Centre Secondly, in Indonesia where we are working to more intentionally integrate Risk Sensitive Programming into development work. This in partnership with the Disaster Mitigation Centre at the Institute of Technology in Bandung.
Two Publications from the Asia Pacific Region are: Planet Prepare and Snapshots . Planet Prepare is a report commissioned by World Vision which explores the effects of climate change on the developing nations of Asia and the Pacific. It calls for clear and urgent action by the international community to protect coastal communities most at risk with education, disaster mitigation and preparation. The SNAPSHOTS report investigates the practice of Community Based Disaster Risk Management in Asia Pacific illustrating best practices and lessons learned through case studies from 8 countries.
In the Middle East. World Vision Lebanon is leading the way with these recommendations for DRR which can be summarized in this slide. It stems from their DRR Action Plan on the basis of national priorities.
WV Lebanon is participating in the Views from the Frontlines Pilot and is a National Coordination Organization which is in the process of establishing a National Platform. Lebanon’s statement on the Hyogo Pilot process can be summarized in this slide:
World Vision International
World Vision Intl. (WVI) <ul><li>WVI is a child-focused organization engaged with DRR in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East and Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>WVI is supporting the implementation of HFA through livelihoods protection, DRR and community resilience building initiatives </li></ul>
( __ ) ( + ) VULNERABILITY RESILIENCE (insufficient capitals) (sufficient capitals) *Narrow source, small * Wide, large diversified asset base asset base *Min. risk reduction *Max. risk reduction *Min. protection *Max. protection factors factors Vulnerability – Resilience Pendulum & Critical Point Analysis
DRR in Africa <ul><li>Focus is on strengthening community participation and ownership of disaster risk reduction processes and outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities in a number of countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Lesotho, Rwanda, Kenya, Mozambique & Zimbabwe are involved in risk assessment and risk management planning. </li></ul><ul><li>A community engagement tool, the Community Owned Vulnerability and Capacity assessment (COVACA) has been developed through pilot projects in Kenya,Rwanda, Mozambique and Ghana in 2007 and the tool is being rolled out to more countries with Ethiopia, Ghana (expansion), Lesotho and Zimbabwe being the latest beneficiaries (http:www.phree-way.org/) </li></ul>
Community engagement approaches <ul><li>Community training in various aspects of disaster risk management which include risk assessment, preparation for hazards by developing preparedness plans, establishing early warning systems and integration of disaster risk reduction into community development processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening the community institutions and local government level institutions that support the government through by auditing the available and legislated community institutions or structures and advocating for the creation or re-establishment of these structures where such structures have disintegrated over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities integrating disaster risk reduction into their livelihoods programs and that include (diversification of crops, planting of trees to protect homes against hailstorm, erosion control, formation of crime prevention committees, conservation agriculture etc </li></ul>
Involving children <ul><li>Disaster risk reduction activities are being expanded to cover children aged 6 – 18, and mostly school going children. </li></ul><ul><li>Children undertake risk assessment, are enlightened on the risks, training through school teachers and peers through disasters management clubs and are involved in simultations in schools and communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Training material has been developed based on age appropriateness. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments being engaged in education policy review to include disaster risk reduction into the education curriculum. </li></ul>
World Vision is partnering to: 1. Test models for Child Focused DRR in the Philippines with: 2. Mainstream DRR into World Vision’s development model in Indonesia with: Reducing Disaster Risk around ASIA PACIFIC
Publications from Asia Pacific Region Planet Prepare Snapshots
Recommendations for DRR action in Lebanon <ul><li>Action Plan for DRR in Lebanon (on the basis of priorities) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a national action plan for disaster risk reduction and by setting clear objectives with indicators and a monitoring plan, to ensure proper implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide financial resources for disaster risk reduction projects and establish an emergency fund for different areas in Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>Provide education and awareness on DRR for all community groups </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct risk assessments in consultation with specialists to identify major risks and dangers for each every specific area in Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a center for guidance and information on disaster risk reduction within municipalities areas all over the country, </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate disaster risk reduction in the national school curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the pre-positioning or storage of a minimum amount of food and medical supplies/equipment that might be needed by affected communities in case of a disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve partnerships between the civil society and the government through regular coordination meetings and networking coalitions </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure proper use of natural resources to decrease environmental degradation and ensure that construction standards are disaster-resilient </li></ul>
Findings from Lebanon on the HFA Indicators “ There is little progress achieved so far in implementing the Hyogo priority actions in Lebanon. Some strengths that we can mention are the presence of an active civil society that is willing to work towards making disaster risk reduction possible. Some recommendations for Lebanon in the future are to strengthen cooperation between the government and civil society organizations, to raising awareness to communities on disaster risk reduction, and to undergo risk assessments and action plans in vulnerable areas where populations are at risk”.