Tuncay Günaydın - Transportation and Concealment Methods of Illegally Exported Cultural Property

572 views

Published on

Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe.
Gaziantep, Turkey, 19-21 November 2012.
Link: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/venice/about-this-office/single-view/news/building_capacities_for_the_fight_against_the_illicit_trafficking_of_cultural_property_
in_south_east_europe/

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
572
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tuncay Günaydın - Transportation and Concealment Methods of Illegally Exported Cultural Property

  1. 1. Tuncay Günaydın 19-22.11.2012“Fight against illicit traffic of cultural property in South-East Europe” Gaziantep
  2. 2. 1- Introduction 2- Smuggling of Cultural Property 3- Illegal Obtainment of Cultural Property 4- Transportation Methods a. Transportation Means b. Transportation Techniques 5- Concealment Methods a. Moving Concealment b. Stable Concealment 6- Precautions to be Taken 7- Conclusion Adam and Eve. Miniature by Ottoman Historiographer Seyyid Loqman Ashuri, from the Zubdat-al Tawarikh,Book of Hours, Laurent Boiron, illuminator. France, Bourges, ca. 1505–1510. NYPL, Spencer Collection. dedicated to Sultan Murad III in 1583. 16th century. Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts, Istanbul, Turkey.
  3. 3.  After the cold war  Globalization Effect  Criminal’s Use Of Technology  Developed communication networks between criminal organizations Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  4. 4.  Looted Museums,  Illegal Excavations  Exchange of «cultural property» in return for «arms»  Turkey and the Balkans, source and transit region Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  5. 5.  Organizational Scheme  Black numbers and black market-seizures  Importance of transportation and concealment stages Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  6. 6. Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  7. 7.  Theft  Museums,  Wakfs Buildings,  Private collections,  Individuals  Illegal excavation/digging  Known and unknown archeological sites  Detectors used in Cultural items search (Kalashnikov - Özgen Acar)  Fake and Forgeries  Fake version of a registered item  Fake version of a stolen item  Completely imaginary fakes Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  8. 8. Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  9. 9.  Cargo  Automobiles, Lorries  Plane/Ship/Train  People  Leisure craft,  Caravan/Mobile House Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  10. 10.  Cutting into Parts  Share  Group by Group Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  11. 11. Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  12. 12.  During Transportation and Transfer  Secret Parts of vehicles  Among different goods  In different objects  Luggage cabins Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  13. 13.  During Transportation and Transfer  Sophisticated Cases  Under the vessel  Behind the computer/electronics  Tootpaste/Shaving Cream Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  14. 14.  Hiding the item(s)  Versatile Nature  Warehouses/Attics/etc of houses  In soil-hencoop  Gallery/Museum Warehouses Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  15. 15.  SOLUTION ? Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  16. 16. Seizure and Intelligence Arrest High level national co-ordination and Public Awareness international co- and Education operation Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  17. 17.  Sources in Intelligence in Fight Against Illicit Trafficking of Cultural Items;  Current Situation;  Discontent/Unsatisfied members of the criminal organisation,  Personal hatred, Revenge,  Investigative databases/Different Police Techniques  The preferred Situation;  (In addition to the current one), informants from citizens and local people, esp. villagers,  Combination of knowledge that different law enforcement agencies hold, (national + international)  Experts knowledge and support, syncchronizing with the museums and archeological sites. Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  18. 18.  i. Share any suspicious knowledge with law enforcement  Licence plates,  Suspicious people, suppliers of cultural objects,  Be alert Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  19. 19.  i. Better Risk Analysis  ii. Employ Experts at Field  iii. Use Technology  iv. Co-operation agreements with national and international institutions Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  20. 20.  i. Share Intelligence with Customs  ii. Collect as many data as possible beforehand  iii. National and international cooperation and coordination  iv. Use further Community Policing Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  21. 21.  i. Activate and enhance judicial co-operation channels at international level,  ii. Prosecutors/Lawyers with expertise knowledge  iii. Use international platforms for the market countries to prioritize the case Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  22. 22.  i. Prioritize the case  ii. Further legal exchange of cultural goods  iii. Education and Public Opinion Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  23. 23. Smuggling of Illegal Transportation Concealment Precautions andIntroduction Cultural Propert Obtainment Methods Methods Conclusion
  24. 24. Thank you for your attentionTuncay GünaydınDeputy InspectorInterpol Ankara/Turkish National Policetgunaydin@egm.gov.trPhone: 0090 312 462 20 36

×