Science Policy Ministerial Meetings of South East EuropeExpert Meeting on Science, Technology and Innovation for South Eas...
WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and    Obstacles clustered by the actors –   2008!Responsible ministries:1.Appropriate fund...
WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and          Obstacles clustered by the actors –               2008!                  Stati...
WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and         Obstacles clustered by the actors –          2008!                R&D community...
WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles            clustered by the institutions / international                organ...
WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles          clustered by the institutions / international            organizatio...
SEE, WBC and RDI Indicators –                         2010!IUS 2010                                                      E...
SEE, WBC and RDI Indicators –                          2011!IUS 2011                                                      ...
SEE, WBC and RDI Indicators –       2012!                             Source: ERAWATCHAlbania      R 8 D intensity(GERD/GD...
WBC and RDI Indicators – 2012                       Statistical offices:•   Indicators on S&T based on OECD, Frascati Manu...
Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation:      Western Balkan Countries (First Draft)   This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRI...
Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation:      Western Balkan Countries (First Draft)   This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRI...
Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation:      Western Balkan Countries (First Draft)   This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRI...
Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation:      Western Balkan Countries (First Draft)   This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRI...
Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation:       Western Balkan Countries (First Draft)   This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTR...
The quality of RDI statistical data in  the Western Balkan Countries
Mr  Đuro KUTLAČA - "Mihajlo Pupin" Institute, Science and Technology Policy Research Centre, “The quality of RDI statistic...
Mr  Đuro KUTLAČA - "Mihajlo Pupin" Institute, Science and Technology Policy Research Centre, “The quality of RDI statistic...
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Mr Đuro KUTLAČA - "Mihajlo Pupin" Institute, Science and Technology Policy Research Centre, “The quality of RDI statistical data in the Western Balkan Countries’’;

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SEE Ministerial Round Table and Expert meeting – Sarajevo, 22-23 November 2012

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Mr Đuro KUTLAČA - "Mihajlo Pupin" Institute, Science and Technology Policy Research Centre, “The quality of RDI statistical data in the Western Balkan Countries’’;

  1. 1. Science Policy Ministerial Meetings of South East EuropeExpert Meeting on Science, Technology and Innovation for South East Europe ♦The quality of RDI statistical data in the Western Balkan Countries ♦ Prof Đuro KUTLAČA, PhD "Mihajlo Pupin" Institute, Science and Technology Policy Research Centre 11000 Belgrade, Volgina 15, Serbia; djuro.kutlaca@pupin.rs & University “Metropolitan”, 11000 Belgrade, Tadeuša Košćuška 63; e-mail: djuro.kutlaca@metropolitan.ac.rs ♦ Thursday, 22 November 2012, Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo
  2. 2. WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles clustered by the actors – 2008!Responsible ministries:1.Appropriate funds are missing2.Limited competences and insufficient supporting infrastructure3.Lack of information on the respective communities in other countries4.Very low international integration
  3. 3. WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles clustered by the actors – 2008! Statistical offices:1. Lack of trained statisticians generally and in the field (quality of provided data)2. Administrative capacities (lack of staff with skills in statistics)3. Lack of public understanding about role of ST&I statistics4. Indicators on S&T are not based on OECD Frascati Manual5. Survey instruments such as questionnaires, manuals, etc., are missing6. Methodologies for collection of data and analysis are missing7. Funds are missed8. Qualified people are missing9. Old equipment and lack of the basic infrastructure10.There is no production of S&T&I statistics and indicators11.Lack of training (S&T statistics, even foreign languages)
  4. 4. WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles clustered by the actors – 2008! R&D community:1. Low R&D activity2. Lack of standards of quality3. Low collaboration and co-operation between different units within statistical office4. Brain drain5. No database of researchers6. S&T&I have very poor influence in economy and society7. There has not been enough public funding of research institutes, technology development and innovation.8. International research collaboration very poor9. S&T are still a low priority in national system
  5. 5. WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles clustered by the institutions / international organizations to be addressed – 2008! EUROSTAT, OECD:1. Indicators on S&T are not based on OECD, Frascati Manual2. Survey instruments such as questionnaires, manuals, etc., are missing3. Methodologies for collection of data and analysis are missing4. Lack of training (S&T statistics, even foreign languages)5. Improvement of internal capabilities for production of S&T&I statistics, the quality of the R&D data, increase of coverage of the survey, training of staff – in SSO for analyzing the data and in MES for using of the bibliometrics data6. Support in providing technical instruments: methodological recommendation, questionnaire, tabulation schemes etc.7. Permanency of education and training for personnel: participation on international workshops8. Suggestion for improvement of coverage in R&D with the aim to include business sector and non-profit sector
  6. 6. WBC and RDI Indicators – Needs and Obstacles clustered by the institutions / international organizations to be addressed – 2008! EU institutions and EU funding schemes:1. International integration2. Support for building infrastructure3. Support in order to increase the awareness for the importance of S&T&I Indicators, especially at Government level4. Support in order to increase collaboration between the stakeholders (Government, MES, SSO and responding units, especially cooperation with R&D unit in Business sector)
  7. 7. SEE, WBC and RDI Indicators – 2010!IUS 2010 EU27 BG GR HU RO SI TR HR RS MKENABLERSHuman resources1.1.1 New doctorate graduates 1.4 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.3 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.31.1.2 Population completed tertiary education 32.3 27.9 26.5 23.9 16.8 31.6 14.7 20.5 19.2 14.31.1.3 Youth with upper secondary level education 78.6 83.7 82.2 84.0 78.3 89.4 50.0 95.1 84.7 81.9Open, excellent and attractive research systems1.2.1 International scientific co-publications 266 190 439 328 118 750 N/A N/A N/A N/A1.2.2 Scientific publications among top 10% most cited 0.11 0.03 0.09 0.05 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.03 N/A N/A1.2.3 Non-EU doctorate students 19.45 3.97 1.00 2.95 2.01 4.64 2.64 2.55 8.50 3.36Finance and support1.3.1 Public R&D expenditure 0.75 0.36 0.41 0.47 0.29 0.66 0.41 0.50 0.38 0.141.3.2 Venture capital 0.110 0.030 0.010 0.019 0.042 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/AFIRM ACTIVITIESFirm investments2.1.1 Business R&D expenditure 1.25 0.16 0.16 0.66 0.19 1.20 0.32 0.34 0.10 0.042.1.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditure 0.71 0.95 0.74 0.74 1.36 0.79 0.16 0.86 0.80 0.90Linkages & entrepreneurship2.2.1 SMEs innovating in-house 30.31 17.09 32.70 12.60 16.66 N/A 28.18 25.60 27.83 11.302.2.2 Innovative SMEs collaborating with others 11.16 3.50 13.31 7.15 2.27 14.24 5.28 11.88 3.50 9.602.2.3 Public-private co-publications 36.2 2.3 12.5 19.6 6.3 51.0 1.7 17.7 4.2 N/AIntellectual Assets2.3.1 PCT patent applications 4.00 0.38 0.44 1.54 0.15 2.56 0.71 0.88 N/A 0.132.3.2 PCT patent applications in societal challenges 0.64 0.04 0.13 0.39 0.01 0.65 0.04 0.03 N/A N/A2.3.3 Community trademarks 5.41 3.97 1.63 2.03 1.44 3.80 0.28 0.52 0.50 0.062.3.4 Community designs 4.75 1.78 0.31 0.85 0.34 2.45 0.29 0.23 0.00 0.06OUTPUTSInnovators3.1.1 SMEs introducing product or process innovations 34.18 20.72 37.31 16.82 18.03 31.02 29.52 31.48 18.32 39.203.1.2 SMEs introducing marketing/organisational innovations 39.09 17.35 51.29 20.52 25.80 39.37 50.31 32.46 18.05 30.80Economic effects3.2.1 Employment in knowledge-intensive activities 13.03 8.49 10.81 12.13 6.16 12.88 4.76 9.43 N/A N/A3.2.2 Medium and high-tech product exports 47.36 26.12 31.14 66.43 50.14 58.45 37.70 41.63 27.39 30.453.2.3 Knowledge-intensive services exports 49.43 21.47 57.01 28.08 44.91 27.23 19.19 16.05 34.35 28.663.2.4 Sales of new to market and new to firm innovations 13.26 14.20 25.65 16.44 14.87 16.31 15.82 14.41 10.01 9.903.2.5 Licence and patent revenues from abroad 0.21 0.02 0.01 0.62 0.12 0.08 0.00 0.06 0.10 0.06
  8. 8. SEE, WBC and RDI Indicators – 2011!IUS 2011 EU27 BG GR HU RO SI TR HR RS MKENABLERSHuman resources1.1.1 New doctorate graduates 1.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.5 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.41.1.2 Population completed tertiary education 33.6 27.7 28.4 25.7 18.1 34.8 15.5 22.6 20.5 17.11.1.3 Youth with upper secondary level education 79.0 84.4 83.4 84.0 78.2 89.1 51.1 95.3 84.9 82.8Open, excellent and attractive research systems1.2.1 International scientific co-publications 301 206 496 352 140 827 64 324 N/A 1171.2.2 Scientific publications among top 10% most cited 10.73 3.59 9.32 5.38 4.22 7.62 6.51 3.07 N/A N/A1.2.3 Non-EU doctorate students 19.19 3.93 1.00 2.76 2.06 6.62 2.85 2.55 4.13 1.31Finance and support1.3.1 Public R&D expenditure 0.76 0.29 0.43 0.44 0.29 0.67 0.51 0.41 0.78 0.141.3.2 Venture capital 0.095 0.015 0.007 0.020 0.041 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/AFIRM ACTIVITIESFirm investments2.1.1 Business R&D expenditure 1.23 0.30 0.17 0.69 0.18 1.43 0.34 0.32 0.13 0.042.1.2 Non-R&D innovation expenditure 0.71 0.95 0.74 0.74 1.36 0.79 0.16 0.86 0.80 0.90Linkages & entrepreneurship2.2.1 SMEs innovating in-house 30.31 17.09 32.70 12.60 16.66 N/A 28.18 25.60 27.83 11.302.2.2 Innovative SMEs collaborating with others 11.16 3.50 13.31 7.15 2.27 14.24 5.28 11.88 3.50 9.602.2.3 Public-private co-publications 36.2 2.3 12.5 19.6 6.3 51.0 1.7 17.7 4.2 N/AIntellectual Assets2.3.1 PCT patent applications 3.78 0.32 0.40 1.31 0.15 2.97 0.72 0.66 N/A 0.222.3.2 PCT patent applications in societal challenges 0.64 0.04 0.13 0.36 0.01 0.63 0.04 0.03 N/A N/A2.3.3 Community trademarks 5.59 4.59 1.62 2.30 1.60 4.51 0.35 0.44 0.56 0.242.3.4 Community designs 4.77 1.83 0.40 1.04 0.42 2.75 0.36 0.14 0.00 0.03OUTPUTSInnovators3.1.1 SMEs introducing product or process innovations 34.18 20.72 37.31 16.82 18.03 31.02 29.52 31.48 18.32 39.203.1.2 SMEs introducing marketing/organisational innovations 39.09 17.35 51.29 20.52 25.80 39.37 50.31 32.46 18.05 30.80Economic effects3.2.1 Employment in knowledge-intensive activities 13.50 8.60 10.90 12.80 6.00 13.40 4.80 9.90 12.32 10.603.2.2 Medium and high-tech product exports 48.23 25.66 28.64 68.03 50.72 56.84 38.61 45.17 26.08 53.433.2.3 Knowledge-intensive services exports 48.13 23.48 5.60 28.88 48.35 27.11 18.83 14.01 45.20 29.353.2.4 Sales of new to market and new to firm innovations 13.26 14.20 19.23 16.44 14.87 16.31 15.82 14.41 10.01 9.903.2.5 Licence and patent revenues from abroad 0.51 0.09 0.02 0.77 0.28 0.08 0.00 0.06 0.10 0.06
  9. 9. SEE, WBC and RDI Indicators – 2012! Source: ERAWATCHAlbania R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.15 (Unesco - Partial data) (2008)BiH R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.02 (Unesco) (2009)Croatia R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.84 (2009)Montenegro R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 1.15 (Unesco) (2007) vs. 0.1 (MONSTAT)FYROM R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.23 (2008)Serbia R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.919 (2010)Bulgaria R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.6 (2010)Greece R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.6 (2007)Hungary R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 1.16 (2010)Romania R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.47 (2010)Slovenia R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 2.11 (2010)Turkey R 8 D intensity(GERD/GDP): 0.73 (2008)
  10. 10. WBC and RDI Indicators – 2012 Statistical offices:• Indicators on S&T based on OECD, Frascati Manual• Survey instruments such as questionnaires, manuals, etc.• Methodologies for collection of data and analysis• Training (S&T statistics, even foreign languages)• Improvement of internal capabilities for production of S&T&I statistics, the quality of the R&D data, increase of coverage of the survey, training of staff• Support in providing technical instruments: methodological recommendation, questionnaire, tabulation schemes etc.• Permanency of education and training for personnel: participation on international workshops• Suggestion for improvement of coverage in R&D with the aim to include business sector and non-profit sector YES: HR, RS ; yes (?): FYROM, ME NO: AL (?), BiH (?)
  11. 11. Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation: Western Balkan Countries (First Draft) This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRICTED CIRCULATION):1. Research Excellence FundGoal: To strengthen research capabilities in the Western Balkan countries and promote research excellence by providing a stable, transparent and merit-based support for research; increasing scientific collaboration within the region and with the Diaspora; and expanding opportunities for young researchers. These actions should increase research activity and its quality and productivity.• Grants for international collaboration in research• Young Researchers Grant• Training grants
  12. 12. Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation: Western Balkan Countries (First Draft) This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRICTED CIRCULATION):2. Centers of ExcellenceGoal: Create a critical mass of world-class research in selected research fields by bringing together state of the art infrastructure, and research and education (training) in centers of excellence. Such knowledge and physical infrastructure would in turn facilitate regional research collaboration and human capital formation, especially for lagging countries, improving thereby conditions for research excellence. • Research fields to be prioritized are still under consideration!
  13. 13. Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation: Western Balkan Countries (First Draft) This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRICTED CIRCULATION):3. The Technology Transfer FacilityGoal: To make a better use of the knowledge base for regional economic development through higher levels of marketable research and value- creation. A regional Technology Transfer Facility (TTF) will help spur new business potential from academia and assist institutions and their technology transfer offices (TTOs) in the management of the regional research pool and commercialization of research outcomes. • Technical Assistance • Funding and Mentoring
  14. 14. Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation: Western Balkan Countries (First Draft) This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRICTED CIRCULATION):4. Regional Innovation Finance FacilityGoal: To fill the gap in the investment cycle in the region and support the establishment of a sustainable innovation finance market by providing and facilitating access to venture capital, business development services and the nurturing of new companies.• Developing a one-stop-shop for local and foreign investors, looking to invest in companies and start-ups• Business development services and mentoring• Deploy co-investment and risk-mitigation instruments attracting potential investors in the early stages covering in particular seed and start-up phases
  15. 15. Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation: Western Balkan Countries (First Draft) This version: 1 November 2012 (RESTRICTED CIRCULATION):5. Implementing Body (Western Balkan Innovation Exercise – WISE)Goal: The strategy proposes the creation of an Implementing Body Western Balkans Innovation Exercise (WISE) to supervise the implementation of the four proposed programs and more broadly strengthen the effectiveness of innovation policies in the Western Balkans. As a central and autonomous entity, this Body would supervise the different regional programs and ensure that the various components of the Action Plan would follow the guiding principles and that political influence or interference with programs is minimized. • Training and Knowledge-Sharing • Management, Monitoring and Evaluation
  16. 16. The quality of RDI statistical data in the Western Balkan Countries

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