UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE   IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES         Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2...
1. LOCAL COMMUNITY                         3. CLIMATE CHANGE                         MANAGEMENT PLAN                      ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES             RECOMMENDATIONS FOR...
UNESCO School in South East Europe       SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES THE SITEArea inscribed i...
UNESCO School in South East Europe   SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESTHE SITE                     ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESTHE COMMUNITY              ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe   SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES       OBJECTIVES            ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                               T...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES THE ACTIONS  1.   Expressing th...
UNESCO School in South East Europe     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES     RECOMMENDATIONS1.   Pa...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES    Dubrovnik, a great place to ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES          INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC...
UNESCO School in South East Europe        SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cu...
UNESCO School in South East Europe          SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe        SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cu...
UNESCO School in South East Europe               SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservatio...
UNESCO School in South East Europe         SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of C...
UNESCO School in South East Europe          SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe              SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation...
UNESCO School in South East Europe           SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of...
UNESCO School in South East Europe           SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of...
UNESCO School in South East Europe           SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of...
UNESCO School in South East Europe            SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                    ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES          INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                                ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES          CLIMATE CHANGE – m...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES              The threats of...
UNESCO School in South East Europe     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESClimate change master plan:...
UNESCO School in South East Europe     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES  OBJECTIVES• Provide solut...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES    BARRIERS• Legislation an...
UNESCO School in South East Europe   SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESACTION                       ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURESM...
UNESCO School in South East Europe           SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES   Energy Efficiency ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                                ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                                ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                                ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe         SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES     Transport         ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe          SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES        Tourists      ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe   SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Waste Management            ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe   SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESCONCLUSIONThough the former r...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES          INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC...
UNESCO School in South East Europe   SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESDUBROVNIK – analysis of curre...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESDUBROVNIK – analysis of curr...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGOAL and OBJECTIVESGOALEstab...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESBARRIERS   Poor infrastruct...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESShort and Long term measures...
UNESCO School in South East Europe        SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                        ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESPROBLEMSOLUTION             ...
UNESCO School in South East Europe     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGUP for City Dubrovnik- 200...
UNESCO School in South East Europe      SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                          ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                 Benefits for th...
UNESCO School in South East Europe       SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES                         ...
UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES
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2012 UNESCO School in South East Europe - Sustainable Energy Governance in UNESCO Designated sites

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2012 UNESCO School in South East Europe - Sustainable Energy Governance in UNESCO Designated sites

  1. 1. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2012 In collaboration with
  2. 2. 1. LOCAL COMMUNITY 3. CLIMATE CHANGE MANAGEMENT PLAN Objectives Barriers Actions2. HERITAGE PROTECTION 4. ECONOMICS
  3. 3. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE DUBROVNIK MANAGEMENT PLAN FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF LOCAL COMMUNITY GROUP: Mirela Buhuri, Jelena Savic, Dimitrios Michelogiannis, Gjejlane Hoxha, Çiğdem Billur Dubrovnik is a living city. Communities give life to heritage sites. INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  4. 4. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES THE SITEArea inscribed in the World Heritage Listthe historic core and its buffer zone INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  5. 5. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESTHE SITE Entire Croatia place of national significance (Dubrovnik as a landmark for Croatia) Municipality, County The regional center Area inscribed in the World Heritage List the historic core and its buffer zone INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  6. 6. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESTHE COMMUNITY helping local voicesone community, several groups be heard local representatives helping in the local in authorities awareness tourist sector raising the inhabitants religious within city walls, community property in broader areaowners outside community Implementing small NGOs and scale projects within local media the community INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  7. 7. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES OBJECTIVES involvement of the local VALUES, CONCERNS community in all phases of the Management plan quality of life, in accordance SCOPE OF ACTIONS with historic and architectural c integrity and authenticity link between all the interest of the site groups of the communitybalance between strong touristic small-scale interventions in the sector activities and livable protected area , large-scale conditions for residents interventions in the broader area contemporary, green way of life in the stone city possibilities of transboundary cooperation in renewable energy INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  8. 8. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES THE BARRIERS internal external different or even contradictory interests international interest within community vs. groups local interest ownership WHC restrictions preferences dependant the tourist sector demands on generation strong power of certain Restrictions for interest groups renewable energy solutions INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  9. 9. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES THE ACTIONS 1. Expressing the local community needs The mediator The representative body 2. Creating bridges between community groups Information, meetings, consultations The mediator 3. Mobilizing local experts University of Dubrovnik, local institutions Creating pilot-projects INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  10. 10. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES RECOMMENDATIONS1. Participatory process prior to every decision  Involving every local community group  Taking into account hierarchy (emphasis on permanent residents!)2. Measures to fight depopulation  Subsidies for inhabitants to introduce small-scale renewable energy systems  Introducing minimum quota for the housing areas within the city walls3. Introduction of renewable energy sources should strongly involve housing INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  11. 11. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Dubrovnik, a great place to live INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  12. 12. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  13. 13. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik • Visual Integrity, e.g. roof landscape, public space Tangible • Material conservation & construction conservation • Living site • Relationships that contribute to the cultural significane of the place Intangible • Symbol of independence (Non Bene Pro Toto Libertas Venditur Auro) • Social, spiritual, or other cultural responsibilities for the place INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  14. 14. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik Pre-requisites: 1. Design & Implementation of a Legal Framework for Preventing Intrusive Developments on Site (e.g. statutes regarding monument protection, the land-use plan, and local building plans), and 2. Willingness and Readiness of National and Local Authorities to Implement the Development Plan. Authorities, Procedures and Local Community Co-ordination Office Ownership Structure • Authorities responsible for • Mediator • Establish a Co-ordination Office landscape protection, monument to facilitate co-operation between protection, conservation etc. Role owners, public services (local of all bodies. Organigram. development planning, • Ownership structure. Conditions environmental social planning of jurisdiction. Duties and etc), universities, technical responsibilities. experts, local community (mediator) and other groups involved. • Joint planning from the beginning All recommendations suggested in the presentation could be potentially taken into consideration in the design of legal instruments INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  15. 15. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik PLANNING PROCESS METHODOLOGY M A Statement of Heritage Significance N Monitoring and Planning Risk Quality Control A Assessment: Programmes Identifying (periodic and G (short and reactive Co-ordination of long term) Potential monitoring) E Efforts Threats M E N T Formalised Inventory. Evaluating Options and Generally Mapping of for Correcting and Approved damages Preventative P Objectives, Measures (legal Targets and (technical instruments, L audit). Strategies practical and A technical measures, N e.g. renewable energies) INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  16. 16. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik Field Work Executed on 3 October 2012 by UNESCO School Inventory. Mapping of Damages. Risk Assessment: Identifying Potential Threats. • Seismic Activity (e.g. Bishop’s Palace) Natural Disaster • Fire and flood threats • Weather climate (temperature and precipitation increase) & Environmental Influence micro-climate inside the site & Climate change • Position of the site (next to the sea, threat of increased sea level) • OvercapacityBARRIERS Tourism Pressure • Increased energy consumption • Traffic, congestions, increased pollution • Investor pressure on protected heritage • Newly opened university Development Pressure • Over-demand of the single energy network • living site • Public buildings best preserved • Private buildings have visible defects and interventions Typology of buildings • Public space: the isolated neighborhoods and the upper town of the site are poorly preserved in comparison with the central area INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  17. 17. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik UNDER PRESERVED AREAS WITH UNCOMPATIBLE INTERVENTIONS MEDIUM PRESERVED AREAS WELL PRESERVED AREAS INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  18. 18. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik Evaluating Options for Correcting and Preventative Measures (legal instruments, practical and technical measures, e.g. renewable energies). Focus on Technical Measures that should be included in the restriction and legal instruments protecting the values of the site. Envelope of Buildings Green PublicACTIONS Spaces Functional Systems General Measures INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  19. 19. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik • Energy efficient external openings Envelope of Buildings • New possibilities in insulation (walls, roofs, and floors) • Anti-seismic reinforcement with compatible materialsACTION 1 Examples from the restoration of Bishop’s Palace Possibility of floor insulation Possibility of external wall insulation with special plaster INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  20. 20. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik • Preservation of authentic flora and fauna • To reduce CO2 emissions Green Public Spaces • Heat absorption • Energy efficiency lighting (solar energy)ACTION 2 INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  21. 21. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik • Cooling and heating systems (e.g. recuperation of existing indoor air, use of sea and wind/solar energy) Functional Systems • Non visible external electrical installations • Possibility of small scale RES on new additionsACTION 3 INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  22. 22. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGoal: Conservation of Cultural Significance (Values) in the Historic Town of Dubrovnik • Limits on the number of accommodation hotels created in the site • Control the number and design of equipments used outside the General Measures restaurants, coffees , etc. • Encourage stores with traditional productsACTION 4 INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  23. 23. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES CONCLUSIONS • Joint cooperation since the beginning • Willingness and readiness of the authorities to implement the Management Plan • Existence of appropriate legal framework • All guidelines regarding preservation should be included as legal instruments • Monitoring • The heritage is not only about visual integrity but also about symbolic significanceAlenka Zumbar Klopcic, JournalistEleni Georgouli, Architect Engineer, MSc Monument Restoration, Ministry of Culture GreeceHaris Bradic, Architect, PhD candidate, Teaching Assistant at Sarajevo UniversityJasmina Zic, Mechanical Engineer, PhD candidate in Environmental EngineeringLidija Kesar, Msc in Biology , Consultant and Manager of Environmental Department in NGO Fractal- SerbiaViorica Revenco, Economist, Central Directorate for Studies and International Relations, Council of Europe Development Bank INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  24. 24. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  25. 25. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES AimContribute to the Sustainable Management Plan of the city of Dubrovnik (considering the Climate Change perspective) INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  26. 26. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES CLIMATE CHANGE – major challenge of 21st centuryForcing mechanisms:Natural: variations in solar radiation, variations in the Earth’s orbit, mountainsformation and volcanic activity, continental drift, cloudsAnthropogenic: changes in the greenhouse gas concentrations.Most concerning factors leading to the increase in CO2 levels:• emissions from fossil fuel combustion• aerosols (PM in the atmosphere)• cement manufacture• land use• ozone depletion• animal agriculture• deforestation INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  27. 27. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES The threats of CLIMATE CHANGE in CroatiaCroatia has shown a trend of decreasing precipitation and increasingtemperatures during most seasons. It is expected to get hotter and drier,especially in summer. If emissions continue to increase, between years2040-2070 it will get warmer from 3 to 3.5° C. Potential areas affected by climate change in Dubrovnik:• Tourism• Coastal zone and sea-level rise• Fisheries and marine culture• Water resources• Agriculture• Impacts on Health INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  28. 28. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESClimate change master plan: Global National Local Think Local, Act Global! INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  29. 29. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES OBJECTIVES• Provide solutions for a more sustainable environment in Dubrovnik• Reduction of CO2 emissions• Raise public awareness of the effects of climate change in Dubrovnik in cooperation with local NGOs and civil organizations• Preserve the world heritage sites of the city INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  30. 30. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES BARRIERS• Legislation and Heritage Issues• Infrastructure to enable sustainable development• Funding• Existing local attitude (how to change the lifestyle)• Tourist habits (different demands for energy during winter and summer)• Lack of awareness and expertise on climate change issues• Lack of professionals for operating renewable systems INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  31. 31. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESACTION Tourists Energy Efficiency Transport Measures Waste management Reduction of the negative human impact on the environment INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  32. 32. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURESMapping energy demands• Population in 2011: 42,641 (city) + 28,113 (urban area) with nearly 2,500,000 tourists per year• Energy needs in Dubrovnik per year: 182,969.844 (city)+2,693,750.000 (tourists) = 2,876,719,844 kW INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  33. 33. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Energy Efficiency Details Results MeasuresRefurbishment of -Roof insulation -Reduction of infiltration ratefacilities in the Old Town -Double glazed windows and internal gains -Direct Night Ventilation -More controllable internal (summer) thermal environment -Energy Efficient Lighting -Reduction of the Heat Island -Removal of exterior air- Effect condition units by 2016PV panels in Buffer Zone -PV panels as shading devices -Restricted energy productionand public transport of the e-bikes stops for public use (e.g. night lighting)Water solar panels in the (-) -Provide hot water forNew Town domestic useWise use of Energy -Switching on/off lights and -Reduction on the amount of appliances the total energy -No wastes in energy usage requirements in the area (especially summer) INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  34. 34. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES GREEN ZONES - present INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  35. 35. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES GREEN ZONES – future BUFFER ZONE INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  36. 36. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES GREEN ZONES – expansion BUFFER ZONE INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  37. 37. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Transport Details Results-Green Public -Use of e-buses -Reduction in CO2Transportation emissions and temperature-Green Taxis -Use of e-cars microclimate-Time schedule for -10:00am untilvehicle driving 16:00pm → “Happy e-cycling Time”-Establish a monthly -No vehicle use in the -Raise public“Day-without-Cars” city centre awareness on -Events raising environmental issues environmental awareness INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  38. 38. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Tourists Details Results-Green Centre of -Info-points -Raise touristic awarenessDubrovnik -CO2 footprint for environmental issues -Eco-tourist competition -Incomes from sold -Organic products products -Saving species of the area-Eco-tours in National -Mljet Island: local -Raise touristic awarenessParks products→ goat cheese, for environmental issues wine, honey -Lowering personal carbon footprint of tourists. INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  39. 39. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Waste Management Details Results-Improving the -Providing more separate Raising awareness of theinfrastructure collectors to public space and importance of separate waste door-to-door collectors in the collection and recycling Old City INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  40. 40. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESCONCLUSIONThough the former research is restricted and requireselaboration, it can be a useful illustration of the currentconditions and potential solutions towards a more sustainableenergy profile of Dubrovnik. INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  41. 41. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  42. 42. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESDUBROVNIK – analysis of current situation INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  43. 43. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESDUBROVNIK – analysis of current situation• UNESCO World Heritage • Old buildings, not adequateSite to modern life needs•Tourist attraction – 2.5 •Tourist pressure – waste,million overnights this year energy demand, traffic•Vibrant local community • Need for economic developmentNew general urban plan (GUP) and Management plan for the UNESCO designated site in the making INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  44. 44. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGOAL and OBJECTIVESGOALEstablish Dubrovnik as a leading example for sustainable energy management of aUNESCO cultural heritage site.OBJECTIVES Driving behavior change for better energy use Generate savings from optimising energy performance of the existing systems Generating income from introduction of a sustainable energy managment system INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  45. 45. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESBARRIERS Poor infrastructure –waste disposal, power supply, traffic management Constraints on measures that could be applied due to the heritage protection issues Community resistance to change (lack of information) INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  46. 46. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESShort and Long term measures BARRIERS SHORT TERM GOAL OBJECTIVES ACTIONS LONG TERM INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  47. 47. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES MEASURES – IMPLEMENTATION OBJECTIVES PERIOD MEASURES STAKEHOLDERS SAVINGS Municipality of Dubrovnik,Driving behavior Implementation of national DURA, UNDP, Fund for Up to 20 %change for better information system for energy environmental protectionenergy use managment in Dubrovnik and energy efficiency SHORT-TERM Insulation : - loft Owners of the buildings, 15-20% - windows Institute for restoration of 10-15% (2-5 YEARS)Generate savings - walls Dubrovnik, Urban 5-10%from optimising planning department, FEE Draught-proofing 5-10%energyperformance of Owners of the buildings,the existing Replacement of split system municipality, Institute forsystems AC with cenral HVAC restoration of Dubrovnik, 10% Urban planning department, FEE INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  48. 48. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESPROBLEMSOLUTION The Spittelau Thermal Waste Treatment Plant INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  49. 49. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITESGUP for City Dubrovnik- 2005. INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  50. 50. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES MEASURES – IMPLEMENTATION OBJECTIVES PERIOD MEASURES STAKEHOLDERS FUNDING EU Funds, EBRD,Generating Waste-to- Municipality of Dubrovnik, UNDP, HBRO,income from LONG-TERM energy plant Republic of Croatia( Public private (5-30 YEARS)introduction of Government), EU commision partnershipa sustainableenergy + Municipality, Citymanagment Municipiality of Dubrovnik, funds Electric publicsystem Public-private partnership Fund for transport (Libertas) environmental protection and EE INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  51. 51. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Benefits for the community • Improve quality of life for residents and tourists • Create new green jobs • Reduce energy expenses • Fuel savings • Reduce carbon emissions • Reduce waste sent to landfill sites • Open new opportunities for sustainable development INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  52. 52. UNESCO School in South East Europe SUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES Final ConclusionsLocal Community:• they are the beneficiaries• their involvement from the start is fundamental• they can help to shape their own futureHeritage Management:• Authorities must be ready and willing to implement the Management Plan• There must be a legal framework to enforce sustainable use of energy within the siteClimate Change:• Understanding the current situation is vital• We can make the site an example of sustainability for other heritage sitesEconomics:• Funds are available and the ongoing financial benefits are clear• Wider economic benefits such as the creation of new green jobs INTERNATIONAL HISTORIC TOWNS CONFERENCE Delivering Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Historic Towns Dubrovnik, Croatia
  53. 53. UNESCO School in South East EuropeSUSTAINABLE ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN UNESCO DESIGNATED SITES

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