Low emission strategy dc zagreb_2012


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Low emission strategy dc zagreb_2012

  1. 1. Transition to low-emission development Daniela Carrington Climate change policy advisor Energy and Environment Practice UNDP BRC Zagreb, June, 2012© 2009 UNDP. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.Proprietary and Confidential. Not For Distribution Without Prior Written Permission.
  2. 2. Charting a course away from dangerous climate change: A window of opportunity of 100 months• To keep within 2C threshold CO2eqv concentration should stabilize at 450 ppm• A sustainable emissions pathway will require the world to cut of 50 percent by 2050 World population predicted to reach nearly 9 billion by 2050 McKinsey : “Resource Revolution” - Meeting the world’s energy, materials,The Stern Review demonstrated that food, and water needs greater pressurean unstable climate will undermine the on resource systems together withconditions necessary for economic increased environmental risks present agrowth in both the developed and new set of leadership challenges fordeveloping countries – cheaper to take both private and public institutionsaction now
  3. 3. Post 2012 international climate change regime:Entering into new era of green global economic growth, throughsignificant mitigation of GHG emissions and generating funding formitigation and adaptation actions and thus creating new investmentopportunitiesWe have witnessed three economictransformations in the past century. Firstcame the industrial revolution, then thetechnology revolution, then our modern eraof globalization. We stand at the thresholdof another great change: the age of greeneconomics.” UN Secretary General, BanKi-moonHowever the failure of the politics at the moment to keep up withthe science reinforces the importance of country-level action, withgreater efforts in adaptation for the developing countries.
  4. 4. EU ambition: to become the leading climate friendly region in the world • EU pledge: independent target of 20% below 1990 A Road map for moving to a by 2020 + offer to move up to 30% comprehensive low-carbon • Legislation is already in place since 2009 to meet a economy in 2050: (80-95% by 20% emission reduction: the Climate and Energy 2050) Package • More ambitious than Kyoto Protocol rules •Feasible - Cost-effective pathway: -25% • A lot of legislation already in place in 2020, - 40% in 2030, -60% in 2040 •Requires all sectors contribution, to a 1. Monitoring Mechanism Decision (1999, 2004) 2. EU emissions trading system (2003, 2008) varying degree & pace 3. Effort sharing decision (2008) •National and regional LEDS 4. Renewables & biofuels (2008) 100% 100% 5. CO2 and cars (2008) and vans (2010) 6. F-gases regulation (2006) Power Sector 7. Fuel quality directive (2008) 80% 80% Current policy 8. CCS regulation (2008) 9. Ecodesign Directive (2010) 60% Residential & Tertiary 60% 10. Buildings Directive (2010), etc. Industry 40% 40%More than 50 EU Transport 20% 20% directives, regulations, decisions, and Non CO2 Agriculture communications related to climate change 0% Non CO2 Other Sectors 0%Commitments across the whole economy and 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
  5. 5. Transition to low emission development Significant and cost-effective emission reductions will require a mix of policy instruments:• A carbon price should be applied as widely as possible, starting with removal of fossil fuel subsidies• Speeding up the emergence and deployment of low- carbon technologies (energy-related R&D);• Avoiding deforestation and manage land use changes• Reducing demand for emissions-intensive goods and services (behavior change); 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle)• Increases in and reallocation of the financial resources• International cooperationEnsuring a smooth labour market transition
  6. 6. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions - NAMAs PV will be the cheapest option by 2016
  7. 7. Low Carbon Development Strategy A long-term strategy, for the low-carbon development of the developing country in the context of its broader SD strategies, including an emission pathway, this means an emission projection planned to be achieved with the implementation of the strategy (NAMAs), domestically implemented or internationally supported Developed countries: zero-emission plans (to ensure compliance with their legally binding commitments) Rio+20 green growth•Interest to explore pathways for LED growing rapidly; >90 countries registered their NAMAs with the UNFCCC -51 developing countries, 25% are low-income Economic Social Growth• Numerous agencies, donors, academic institutions, Equityprivate consultants undertake research and provideanalytical and advisory services and capacity building SD• LED policies are one component of a SD or GreenGrowth, which spans a larger set of environmental andsocial policies, incl. climate resilience and poverty Environmentalreduction, improvements in natural asset management, Protectionbiodiversity and water and air pollution management
  8. 8. Supporting the EE and CIS transition to low-emissiondevelopment: Governments to have an enhanced capacity to design,access finance and implement LEDS/NAMAsRegional Project enabled to make informedThe countries will bepolicy and investment decisions, that reduce GHGemissions, reduce poverty, create newemployment opportunities and green jobs andmove societies towards long term sustainability.Developed:• How to Guide on Low-emission development strategies andNationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Eastern Europeand CIS – in English and Russian (other UNDP tools)• LEDS/Plans in Kazakhstan, Moldova, Turkey,Turkmenistan, initiated in Uzbekistan, BiH and Croatiahttp://europeandcis.undp.org/home/publications/
  9. 9. UNDP toolshttp://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/low_emission_climateresilientdevelopment.html#
  10. 10. Main steps in the development of LEDS: country specificPush forward low emission economic development in an systematic manner, so thata sustainable and low carbon future can be shaped Decision to Coordination develop 1. Scoping and planning mechanism LEDS/NAMAs 2. Development or 5. Implementation, evaluation of baseline and National monitoring and MRV SD, incl. poverty, LED GHG emission expertise labor, gender, scenario adaptation, etc. Identification of 4. Assessment of 3. Determination of International financing of mitigation mitigation options NAMAs requiring options expertise support List of NAMAs/PAMs
  11. 11. Green Growth - Inspirational goal• Top national agenda for South Korea - new economic development paradigm to solve triple crunch: energy, climate, and economy• Life-style Enthusiasm to show your personal involvementGreat leaders inspire actions
  12. 12. Thank you!