9 undp albania presentation croatia event 9 december 2013


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9 undp albania presentation croatia event 9 december 2013

  1. 1. Sub-Regional Conference on SUSTAINABLE ENERGY IN SEE 9 – 10 December 2013 Zagreb, Croatia Elvita Spahiu (Kabashi) Programme Officer for Environment UNDP Albania
  2. 2. Albania context  Albania is totally dependent on hydro resources and regional imports;  In 2001-2010, Albania’s electricity demand grew at about 2% per year; and in 2011-2012, demand growth increased to about 4% annually;  2 extreme exp: In 2007, a severe drought cut domestic production from an average level of 4,200 GWh per annum to 2,900 GWh. In 2010 in an extraordinary wet year, domestic hydro production increased to 7,700 GWh, resulting in exports in that year;  Due to low price and non-payment, almost 50 % of the electricity is consumed by households including for heating and cooling;  Transport sector represented 44% of the total energy consumption in 2008 and is still rapidly increasing due to growing car ownership and construction of new road infrastructure.
  3. 3. General situation of Albania in relation to climate change policy  Albania is a Non-Annex I party to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change thus no legally binding objectives in terms of GHG emissions reduction;  Albania is in the process of accession to the EU, where it is expected to transpose and implement the EU legislation, including targets in relation to climate change mitigation at the time of membership;  Total GHG emissions of Albania were 7.834 kt of CO2 equivalent in 1990, 7.620 kt in 2000 and were projected to be around 18.000 kt in 2012;  Emissions of Albania are 5,6 tons per capita vs EU 27 9,9 t/capita) and emissions per unit of GDP are around 1,4 kg of CO2/USD vs EU 27 0,4 kt CO2/Euro of GDP  Projected climate changes in Albania include higher air temperature, increased frequency of extreme weather events, and a 20 % decrease in water runoff with a reduction of up to 60 % of power generation
  4. 4. National Appropriate Mitigation Actions identified 1. Building code requiring energy efficiency in new buildings 2. National climate change strategy and capacity building for monitoring, reporting and verification 3. Financing mechanism for the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Action Plan 4. Securing sustainable management of forests and pastures, including afforestation 5. Securing sustainable management of forests and pastures, including afforestation
  5. 5. National Appropriate Mitigation Actions identified con’t 6. Efficient use of fuel wood and biomass; 7. Capacity building for climate policy at municipal level 8. Sustainable transport concept for Tirana and other cities 9. Using non-hazardous was waste as fuel in cement industry 10. Renewable energy for heating and cooling of buildings (solar, heat pumps) 11. Investment in micro hydro power plants
  6. 6. Renewables -Solar
  7. 7. Poverty and Environment Initiative  Macro economic assessment comparing the long-term cost implications/savings/opportunities of the energy efficient and current energy inefficient housing construction including:  Estimation of basic energy needs of a household as well as the elements of access and consumption of energy;  Analysis of the technical problems and other policy barriers of the existing energy building code;  Policy recommendations for the design of the New Energy Building Code.