1. Energy cooperatives
2. Good practice examples
3. Activities
What is a cooperative?
•

•
•
•
•
•

•

•
•

Zadruga je dragovoljno, otvoreno, samostalno i neovisno društvo kojim upravlj...
Cooperatives in the world
Ethical business entity which purpose is to work for
interest of its members (owners) and local
...
Does renewable energy automaticaly
means development of community,
economy and work places?
Scenario A
Czech Republic example after joining EU – development of
RES does not mean sustainable development
• 1.600 MW o...
Scenario B
German example: 51% of RES is owned by individuals
and cooperatives

Izvor: German Energy Transition (2012)
Energy cooperatives?
Energy cooperatives
Local community as an owner of energy supply
Energy cooperatives
•

Way of financial investment for citizens

•

Citizens involved in questions about their own energy ...
Yours

Ours




Utopia?
Middelgrunden, Denmark

MW
.
MWh ili 40.
shares
EUR/share
- 8.6 members(50% of investment)
Izvor: Bollinger 2001
- PV on stadium roof
- CHP for district heating
- 4x more electricity
production than own needs
(energy export)

Großbardo...
Westmill, United Kingdom

- 7 MW
- 2.374 members
- Rate of return on investment ~8%
Technical assistance for energy cooperatives
- Tender for technical assistance (UNDP, HBS, HSZ, ZA)

- 4 local initiatives...
International Conference on Energy cooperatives
Krk, 18-20 October 2013.
- 80 participants (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, UK,...
The Best Way to Predict the Future
is to Create it
Peter Drucker
(founder of modern management)
Thanks for your attention!
Mislav Kirac
UNDP Croatia
mislav.kirac@undp.org
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22 mislav kirac undp_mislav 3

  1. 1. 1. Energy cooperatives 2. Good practice examples 3. Activities
  2. 2. What is a cooperative? • • • • • • • • • Zadruga je dragovoljno, otvoreno, samostalno i neovisno društvo kojim upravljaju njezini članovi, a svojim radom i drugim aktivnostima ili korištenjem njezinih usluga, na temelju zajedništva i uzajamne pomoći ostvaruju, unapreĎuju i zaštićuju svoje pojedinačne i zajedničke gospodarske, ekonomske, socijalne, obrazovne, kulturne i druge potrebe i interese i ostvaruju ciljeve zbog kojih je zadruga osnovana. Članak 2. (1) Zadruga se temelji na zadružnim vrednotama: samopomoći, odgovornosti, demokratičnosti, ravnopravnosti, pravičnosti i solidarnosti te moralnim vrednotama poštenja, otvorenosti, društvene odgovornosti i skrbi za druge. (2) Odnose meĎu svojim članovima zadruga ureĎuje na zadružnim načelima: – dragovoljno i otvoreno članstvo – članstvo u zadruzi je dragovoljno i otvoreno prema svim osobama koje koriste njezine proizvode, usluge i koje su spremne prihvatiti odgovornosti članstva, bez ikakve spolne, rasne, socijalne, političke, vjerske ili bilo koje druge diskriminacije, – nadzor poslovanja od strane članova – zadruga je demokratsko društvo čiji rad nadziru njezini članovi i koji aktivno sudjeluju u stvaranju poslovne politike i donošenju odluka. Izabrani predstavnici članova odgovaraju članstvu. Članovi imaju jednaka glasačka prava (jedan član – jedan glas), – gospodarsko sudjelovanje članova zadruge i raspodjela – dužnost članova zadruge je, prema svojim interesima i mogućnostima, sudjelovanje u radu i doprinos razvoju zadruge. Članovi rasporeĎuju dobit zadruge za jednu ili više sljedećih namjena: razvitak zadruge, porast pričuva, članovima – razmjerno poslovanju sa zadrugom i kao potpora drugim aktivnostima zadruge, – samostalnost i neovisnost – kao samostalna i neovisna pravna osoba zadruga se u pravnom prometu s drugim pravnim osobama i državnim tijelima oslanja na rad svojih članova i zadružne resurse, pod neposrednim nadzorom svojih članova, – obrazovanje, stručno usavršavanje i informiranje članova zadruge – zadruga provodi obrazovanje i stručno usavršavanje svojih članova, izabranih predstavnika, upravitelja i zaposlenika kako bi pridonijeli razvitku svoje zadruge. Ona izvješćuje svoje članove i javnost,
  3. 3. Cooperatives in the world Ethical business entity which purpose is to work for interest of its members (owners) and local community where it operates • More than 100 milions jobs in the world (20% more than in multinationals) • More than 1 billion cooperative members • 120 milions members in Europe (every 4th EU citizen) • 5,4 milions jobs in the EU
  4. 4. Does renewable energy automaticaly means development of community, economy and work places?
  5. 5. Scenario A Czech Republic example after joining EU – development of RES does not mean sustainable development • 1.600 MW of PV in 4 years (2008 – 2011) • Few big players are controling majority of the market • Price of electricity went up – citizens turned against RES • From huge economic activity (5-6 billions EUR) local community did not see benefits (jobs, industry, knowledge...)
  6. 6. Scenario B German example: 51% of RES is owned by individuals and cooperatives Izvor: German Energy Transition (2012)
  7. 7. Energy cooperatives?
  8. 8. Energy cooperatives Local community as an owner of energy supply
  9. 9. Energy cooperatives • Way of financial investment for citizens • Citizens involved in questions about their own energy future • Creation of new “green” jobs • Benefits from investment stays in local community • Sustainable development of RES (NIMBY –> PIMBY)
  10. 10. Yours Ours  
  11. 11. Utopia?
  12. 12. Middelgrunden, Denmark MW . MWh ili 40. shares EUR/share - 8.6 members(50% of investment) Izvor: Bollinger 2001
  13. 13. - PV on stadium roof - CHP for district heating - 4x more electricity production than own needs (energy export) Großbardorf Germany FN elektrana
  14. 14. Westmill, United Kingdom - 7 MW - 2.374 members - Rate of return on investment ~8%
  15. 15. Technical assistance for energy cooperatives - Tender for technical assistance (UNDP, HBS, HSZ, ZA) - 4 local initiatives - Technical and economic analysis of proposals Beneficiaries of technical assistance: 1. Braniteljska zadruga “Kapela”, Josipdol 2. Ban-Union zadruga, Dvor 3. Energetska zadruga “otok Krk”, Krk 4. Energetska zadruga “Kaštela”, K. Sućurac
  16. 16. International Conference on Energy cooperatives Krk, 18-20 October 2013. - 80 participants (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, UK, Spain, Greece) - Leading European experts on energy cooperatives - Representatives of dozen new start-up cooperatives in Croatia
  17. 17. The Best Way to Predict the Future is to Create it Peter Drucker (founder of modern management)
  18. 18. Thanks for your attention! Mislav Kirac UNDP Croatia mislav.kirac@undp.org

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