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UNFCCC Overview of Process to Formulate and Implement NAPs - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar

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SLYCAN Trust hosted a webinar on December 18 to engage in a discussion on matters pertaining to National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and the processes under the UNFCCC that mandate the provision of technical and financial support for developing countries for the implementation of NAPs. The discussion also entailed decisions and outcomes of COP23, and how it impacts future processes on adaptation activities under various working groups of the UNFCCC process.

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UNFCCC Overview of Process to Formulate and Implement NAPs - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar

  1. 1. SLYCAN Webinar on adaptation and the implementation of National Adaptation Plans 18 December 2017 Overview of the process to formulate and implement NAPs: process, objectives, guidelines, the NAP-SDG iFrame Motsomi Maletjane, UNFCCC Secretariat
  2. 2. COP decisions on NAPs 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Decision 1/CP.16 Establishment of the process to formulate and implement NAPS Decision 5/CP.17  Objectives  Guiding principles  Guidelines  Support (technical, financial) Decision 3/CP.17  Includes mandates relating to GCF support for NAPs Decision 12/CP.18  GEF to support LDCs through the LDCF for activities to enable NAPs  GEF to consider how to support non-LDCs through the SCCF  To take stock of progress at COP20 Decision 18/CP.19 UN, specialized, bilateral and multilateral agencies to consider establishing or enhancing support programmes for non-LDCs Decision 3/CP.20  Communication of NAP documents and outputs through NAP Central  AC & LEG in collaboration with GCF to consider how to best support developing countries in accessing the GCF for NAPs Decision 1/CP.21 GCF to expedite support for LDCs and other dev. countries for formulation of NAPs, and subsequent implementation Decision 19/CP.21 LEG to provide technical guidance and advice on accessing the GCF for NAPs Decision 4/CP.21 LEG & AC to consider how to provide more info. for accessing the GCF for NAPs Decision 6/CP.22  Appreciates progress (by Parties, GCF, GEF) and notes challenges (NAP proposals waiting for funds from LDCF)  Invitation to Parties to access the USD 3 million allocation for NAPs by GCF  LEG & AC to continue engagement with the GCF
  3. 3. Objectives of NAPs and the Paris Agreement global goal on adaptation Objectives of the NAP process (decision 5/CP.17)  To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience;  To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate. Global goal on adaptation (Article 7 of the Paris Agreement)  Enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the global temperature limit of less than 2°C.
  4. 4. Guiding principles for NAPs (decision 5/CP.17)  Continuous planning process at the national level with iterative updates and outputs  Country-owned, country-driven  Not prescriptive, but flexible and based on country needs  Building on and not duplicating existing adaptation efforts  Participatory and transparent  Enhancing coherence of adaptation and development planning  Supported by comprehensive monitoring and review  Considering vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems  Guided by best available science  Taking into consideration traditional and indigenous knowledge  Gender-sensitive
  5. 5. Listing of the Essential Functions of the NAP process (LEG, 2015) 1. Helping governments to provide national leadership and coordination of adaptation efforts at all levels and to act as the main interface with regional and international mechanisms 2. The collection, compilation, processing and dissemination of data, information and knowledge on climate change and relevant development aspects in support of adaptation planning and implementation 3. Identifying and addressing gaps and needs related to capacity for the successful design and implementation of adaptation 4. Assessing climate-development linkages and needs, and supporting the integration of climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectoral planning (through policies, projects and programmes) 5. Analysing climate data and assessing vulnerabilities to climate change and identifying adaptation options at the sector, subnational, national and other appropriate levels
  6. 6. Listing of the Essential Functions of the NAP process (LEG, 2015), contd. 6. Appraising adaptation options to support decision-making on adaptation investment plans and development planning 7. Promoting and facilitating the prioritization of climate change adaptation in national planning 8. Facilitating the implementation of adaptation at all levels through appropriate policies, projects and programmes, taking into account opportunities for synergy 9. Facilitating the monitoring, review and updating of adaptation plans over time, to ensure progress and effectiveness of adaptation efforts and to demonstrate how gaps are being addressed 10.Coordinating reporting and outreach on the NAP process to stakeholders nationally, internationally and formally on progress to the Convention
  7. 7. Guidelines  Initial guidelines are contained in decision 5/CP.17, annex  Technical guidelines for the NAP process, developed by the LEG in response to decision 5/CP.17 paragraph 15 are available in multiple languages at <http://unfccc.int/7279>  Supplements to the guidelines are available on NAP Central <http://www4.unfccc.int/nap/Guidelines/ Pages/Supplements.aspx> The guidelines provide the basis for the formulation and implementation of NAPs
  8. 8. Element A: Laying the groundwork and addressing gaps • Initiating and launching of the NAP process • Stocktaking: identifying available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation and assessing gaps and needs of the enabling environment for the NAP process • Addressing capacity gaps and weaknesses in undertaking the NAP process • Comprehensively and iteratively assessing development needs and climate vulnerabilities Element B: Preparatory Elements • Analysing current climate and future climate change scenarios • Assessing climate vulnerabilities and identifying adaptation options at the sector, subnational, national and other appropriate levels • Reviewing and appraising adaptation options • Compiling and communicating national adaptation plans • Integrating climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectoral planning Element C: Implementation Strategy • Prioritizing climate change adaptation in national planning • Developing a (long-term) national adaptation implementation strategy • Enhancing capacity for planning and implementing adaptation • Promoting coordination and synergy at the regional level and with other multilateral environmental agreements Element D: Reporting, Monitoring and Review • Monitoring the NAP process • Reviewing the NAP process to assess progress, effectiveness and gaps • Iteratively updating the national adaptation plans • Outreach on the NAP process and reporting on progress and effectiveness Elements of the process to formulate and implement NAP (decision 5/CP.17, as given in the NAP Technical Guidelines developed by the LEG in 2015)
  9. 9. Sample process to formulate and implement a National Adaptation Plan
  10. 10. The NAP is the main output of the process, and is designed to be iterative, country-driven, and would provide the substance of the adaptation ambition expressed in the NDCs and Adaptation Communications under the Paris Agreement Financial support for the formulation of NAPs and implementation of policies, programmes and projects identified therein is well grounded in the GCF
  11. 11. How to find coherence between the SDGs and the NAPs – an integrative framework by the LEG
  12. 12. SDGs as a linked system of goals and targets Source: David Le Blanc, "Towards integration at last? The SDGs as a Network of Targets“, Rio+20 Working Paper 4
  13. 13. Multiple entry points and core systems for a country  Climate hazards  Sectors (ministries)  Actors  National development themes  SDGs  Place
  14. 14. Multiple entry points and core systems for a country  Climate hazards  Drought, aridity  Floods  Shifting growing seasons  Temperature extremes, heat waves  Rainfall variability and intensity  Storms and storm surges  SLR  Etc.
  15. 15. Multiple entry points and core systems for a country  Sample systems  Crop/livestock/fish production; maize, rice  Commercial crops: coffee, etc  Food access  Strategic food reserves  Urban water supply  Rural water supply  Hydro-energy production  Energy distribution grid  Regional power pool  Lake ecosystem  Wildlife reserve, etc.
  16. 16. Applying the NAP – SDG iFrame: defining systems under development themes
  17. 17. SDGs *  SDG 1 – No poverty  SDG 2 – Zero hunger  SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation  SDG 7 – Affordable and clean energy Managing multiple entry points Climate hazards  Drought/aridity  Floods  Excessive rainfall  Shifting seasons  Temperature extremes  Heat waves  SLR  Storms Actors  Government agencies  UN agencies  Bilateral agencies  Private sector  NGOs  CBOs Place  Urban area/city  National  Subnational levels  River basins  Community Sectors (ministries)  Agriculture  Water  Energy  Health  Economic planning  Etc. National development themes  Food security  Water security  Energy security  Livelihoods and employment  Health and nutrition, etc. Urban water system Rural water systemUnderground water pool Fish Production Food distribution Livestock production Crop production River basin hydrology Hydro energy production Regional power pool Energy grid system Strategic food reserves Settlements /housing Critical public/Service Installations Transport networks
  18. 18. COP 23 outcomes on NAPs - highlights  Welcoming of the progress by countries and the support  Developing continue to face challenges to access the GCF  NAP Expo to discuss countries’ experiences on GCF access building on the work of the Adaptation Committee (AC)  LEG and AC to look at implementation of NAPs (programs, priorities and policies) after formulation of NAPs.
  19. 19. SBI assessment of progress made in NAPs (4/CP.21, paras 11-13)  SBI 48 (April/May 2018) to assess progress made in the process to formulate and implement NAPs:  Achievement of the objectives of NAPs;  Experiences, best practices, lessons learned, gaps and needs;  Support provided and received  The assessment should take into account all the guiding principles of the process to formulate and implement NAPs (see slide 3)  Steps  Submissions by Parties and organizations;  Info via online questionnaire on NAP Central – ongoing basis;  Synthesis report by the secretariat;  Expert meeting – 5 to 9 Feb 2018, in Sao Tome and Principe  Report on the meeting for consideration by SBI 48
  20. 20. Motsomi Maletjane Adaptation Programme UNFCCC Secretariat mmaletjane@unfccc.int

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