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Climate change impacts and Viet Nam's response efforts

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High-level inter-ministerial workshop held in Hanoi June 6-7, 2017 hosted by the Ministry of Agricultural Development (MARD) of Viet Nam and supported under the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag) Programme. The meeting was attended by over 75 national and provincial level government officials, including MONRE, MARD, MPI and the Ministry of Finance (MOF), UN and development partners, private sector representatives including insurance companies, as well as non-governmental organisations.

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Climate change impacts and Viet Nam's response efforts

  1. 1. Presenter: Pham Van Tan Deputy Director General Department of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change, MONRE CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND VIETNAM’S RESPONSE EFFORTS THROUGH IMPLEMENTING THE PARIS AGREEMENT
  2. 2. CONTENT • Signs of climate change in 1958-2014 • Projected impacts of climate change to 2100 • Plan for implementing the Paris Agreement
  3. 3. SIGNS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN 1958-2014 • Average temperature increased 0.62oC; Number of hot days increased remarkably by 34 days over a decade; Number of cold nights reduced by 11 over a decade • Total precipitation: reduced in the North (5.8 – 12.5%); increased in the South (6.9 – 19.8%); biggest increase in South Central Region, while largest reduction in Northern Delta • Extreme rainfalls: Increased remarkably in South Central Coast and Central Highlands. • Out-of-season rains and unusually heavy rains were more frequent • Droughts occurred more frequently in dry season
  4. 4. SIGNS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN 1958-2014 • Strong typhoons intensified; • Number of days with drizzy rains reduced; severe cold and harmful cold days reduced; • El Nino/La Nina affected strongly weather and climate in Viet Nam • Oceanography monitoring data: average sea level rise in all stations about 2.45mm/year; in which the increase between 1993 – 2014 was 3.34 mm/year. • Satellite data: in the South China Sea, the average sea level rise about 4.05 mm/year, while the coastal zone of Viet Nam increased 3.50 mm/year.
  5. 5. PREDICTIONS TO 2100 • Temperature: increases in all regions compared to 1986-2005; increase in the North between 1.9÷4.0oC, the South increase 1.7÷3.5oC. Remarkable increase in the mean minimum temperature and mean maximum temperature. • Total annual rainfall increases on the national scale, most cases between 5÷15%, highest increase > 20% in most of the Northern Delta, Central Midlands, part of South Central Coast and Central Highlands; rainfall in dry season in some regions reduces. • Number of strong to super strong typhoons tends to increase; Number of severe cold and harmful cold days reduces; Number of hot sunny days increases, most noticeably in North Central Coast, South Central Coast and Southern Region. • Droughts become more severe due to increased temperature and reduced rainfall during dry season.
  6. 6. SEA LEVEL RISE • Depending on the scenarios and the regions, the sea level may rise between 40 to 110 cm by the end of the century
  7. 7. CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED POLICIES Resolution 24/NQ/TW on responding to CC (2013) Environment Protection Law 2014 Law on Economical and Efficient Use of Energy (2010) Law on Hydrology, Meteorology (2015) Law on Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (2013) National Climate Change Strategy (2011) Green Growth Strategy (2012) Renewable Energy Development Strategy (2015) National Strategy on Disaster Prevention and Control (2007) Priority Adaptation Projects and Programs Priority Mitigation Projects and Programs Co-benefit Projects and Programs
  8. 8. KEY MILESTONES FROM COP21 Vietnam signed the PA Vietnam ratified the PA Adoption of the Paris Agreement (PA) Plan for Implementing the PA approved The PA came into force
  9. 9. VIEWPOINTS 1. Implementation of the Paris Agreement (PA) must be suitable to Vietnam’s development circumstances and the level of international support received; 2. Needs to follow direction from Parties, Government and inherit viewpoints, undertakings and activities for climate change response and green growth (GG) which have been and are being implemented, and take advantage of opportunities presented by the PA 3. Adaptation continues to be the focus with main resources come from the public budget, including interational supports. Mitigation is important with resources come from private investments, with state resources playing a leveraging role
  10. 10. PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PARIS AGREEMENT IMPLEMENTED BY All Ministries, sectors, localities, NGOs… LEADED BY MONRE OVERSEEN BY National Committee on Climate Change APPROVED BY the Prime Minister’s on 28 Oct 2016 Phase 1 (2016-2020): • Readiness in institutions, policies and resources • Continue with current CC response activities Phase 2 (2021-2030): • To achieve commitments in NDC
  11. 11. KEY CONTENTS OF THE PLAN Mitigation Adaptation Resources preparation Establishment of transparency system (MRV) Institutional and policy development 68 tasks in 5 groups with 3 levels of priorities Number of tasks Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Encourage Priority Compulsory
  12. 12. LOSS AND DAMAGE (L&D) Paragraph 4, Article 8 of the Paris Agreement mentions areas of cooperation and facilitation to enhance action: 1. Early warning systems; 2. Emergency preparedness; 3. Slow onset events; 4. Events that may involve irreversible and permanent loss and damage; 5. Comprehensive risk assessment and management; 6. Risk insurance facilities, climate risk pooling and other insurance solutions; 7. Non-economic losses; 8. Resilience of communities, livelihoods and ecosystems. • It is action no.20 in Vietnamese Plan, under obligatory contents to 2020: Assessing the level of risks and vulnerabilities caused by climate change, identifying adaptation needs and the needs to address the issues in relation to L&D.
  13. 13. RESPONSIBILITIES FOR L&D • Decree 36/2017/ND-CP stipulates that MONRE be the focal point for implementing the Paris Agreement; developing and running MRV systems for the GHG reduction and CC adaptive activities, the contents in relation to loss and damage within the framework of the Paris Agreement • Decision No.1266/QD-BTNMT dated 25 May 2017 of MONRE: assigning the DMHCC to “organise and implement the contents in relation to loss and damage within the framework of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change” • Official Note No.199/TTg-QHQT dated 8 February 2017: continuing to assign MARD to take lead in negotiating on L&D • Other ministries, agencies and local authorities take lead, collaborate in line with their respective functions and responsibilities in implementing the Paris Agreement
  14. 14. • Signs of climate change in Viet Nam over the last years and the projections to 2100 through the variations in temperature, precipitation, sea level rise and extreme weather phenomena are crystally clear and getting stronger and stronger; • Implementing successfully the Paris Agreement on Climate Change will be a continuation of the current CC response efforts, realising Viet Nam’s commitments in the NDC and joining hands with the global community to respond to CC • CC adaptation and the issue of L&D are obligatory tasks to be implemented in the Plan, which requires the participation and collaboration of all ministries, agencies and local stakeholders SUMMARY
  15. 15. Thank you very much!
  16. 16. CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED POLICIES Resolution 24/NQ/TW on responding to CC (2013) Environment Protection Law 2014 Law on Economical and Efficient Use of Energy (2010) Law on Hydrology, Meteorology (2015) Law on Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (2013) National Climate Change Strategy (2011) Green Growth Strategy (2012) Renewable Energy Development Strategy (2015) National Strategy on Disaster Prevention and Control (2007) Priority Adaptation Projects and Programs Priority Mitigation Projects and Programs Co-benefit Projects and Programs
  17. 17. KEY MILESTONES FROM COP21 Vietnam signed the PA Vietnam ratified the PA Adoption of the Paris Agreement (PA) Plan for Implementing the PA approved The PA came into force
  18. 18. VIEWPOINTS 1. Implementation of the Paris Agreement (PA) must be suitable to Vietnam’s development circumstances and the level of international support received; 2. Needs to follow direction from Parties, Government and inherit viewpoints, undertakings and activities for climate change response and green growth (GG) which have been and are being implemented, and take advantage of opportunities presented by the PA 3. Adaptation continues to be the focus with main resources come from the public budget, including interational supports. Mitigation is important with resources come from private investments, with state resources playing a leveraging role
  19. 19. PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PARIS AGREEMENT IMPLEMENTED BY All Ministries, sectors, localities, NGOs… LEADED BY MONRE OVERSEEN BY National Committee on Climate Change APPROVED BY the Prime Minister’s on 28 Oct 2016 Phase 1 (2016-2020): • Readiness in institutions, policies and resources • Continue with current CC response activities Phase 2 (2021-2030): • To achieve commitments in NDC
  20. 20. KEY CONTENTS OF THE PLAN Mitigation Adaptation Resources preparation Establishment of transparency system (MRV) Institutional and policy development 68 tasks in 5 groups with 3 levels of priorities Number of tasks Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Encourage Priority Compulsory

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