Lecture 7 america's sweetheart

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Lecture 7 america's sweetheart

  1. 1. america’s sweetheart
  2. 2. america’s sweetheart1.True or False. Mary Pickford went into movie acting against the support and advice of her family.2.True or False. Mary Pickford’s films addressed social causes of the day.3.What was Mary Pickford’s involvement in WWI?4.What was the public’s reaction to Mary when she cut her hair?5.What was “Pickfair”?
  3. 3. lillian gish
  4. 4. broken blossomsWhat emotional responses do you have either for or against thefilm?In what ways was the story paradoxical or ironic?Describe the various relationships between men with men men with women women with womenIs this film worth seeing now? What truths still translate?What does this movie have to say about evil in the world? Whatare the ways people are good and bad?What are Lucy’s options?How is “the other” treated?
  5. 5. TWO CENTRAL PROBLEMS
  6. 6. TWO CENTRAL PROBLEMSOne is his boredom atwork.
  7. 7. TWO CENTRAL PROBLEMSOne is his boredom atwork.Two is the allure ofleisure.
  8. 8. SPORTmore than mere playcompetition served as agreat levelergave purpose to oldvirtues that had appearedobsolete now yielded physical rewards
  9. 9. “Fairbanks is a faun who hasbeen to Sunday School. Hehas a pagan body which yieldsinstantly to any gypsy orheathen impulse...but he has amind reliably furnished witha full set of morals andproprieties; he would be asympathetic companion foranybody’s aunt.” Booth Tarkington, contemporary dramatist
  10. 10. discontent with work and loss of power can be alleviated through consumption
  11. 11. working girls/serial queens Serial queen appeared on and off the screen as healthy, robust, and self- reliant, unlike the “sickly women” of the past. They roamed far and wide unchaperoned...breaking into new activities
  12. 12. Cut adrift fromconventional family
  13. 13. still lockedinto victoriangentility. very modest dress
  14. 14. New revelations ofimpressive lineage or wealth
  15. 15. Always end in marriageSaved by suitor after she gets herself into trouble
  16. 16. pearl white (writer/producer “perils of pauline”“Nearly all scenario-writers or authors for film are men; and men usually won’t provide for a girl things to dothat they wouldn’t do themselves. So if I want really thrilly action, I ask permission to write it in myself.”
  17. 17. “All over the world Pearl White’s name has become a synonym for courage and daring…to her, leaps over cliffs, and dives off decks of ocean liners, are as prosaic and uneventful as her morning grapefruit.” American Magazine
  18. 18. “At home the moving picture star, who will dareanything to make her last picture the greatest, reads and plays and cooks and eats and primps like any other girl.” Motion Picture Classic
  19. 19. “We don’t want to be marble; besides there would not be enoughpedestals to go around,anyway…Why not give our men the samecomradeship that many of them never findoutside of their clubs?” Response to the New York State Federation of Women’s Clubs objection to women as “pals”
  20. 20. mary pickford“luminous tenderness in a steelband of gutter ferocity” Photoplay Magazine
  21. 21. Gladys Smith/Mary pickford America’s sweetheart
  22. 22. w/ DW Griffith @ Biograph 1909-1912 Lena and the Geese
  23. 23. 1913 w/Broadway great David Belascoat the time, Belasco was better known and respected than griffith
  24. 24. w/Adolph zukor @ lasky’s famous players/1914-1918 Tess of the Storm Country
  25. 25. United Artists/1918
  26. 26. “I always tried to getlaughter into my pictures.Make them laugh and makethem cry and back tolaughter. What do peoplego to the theater for? Anemotional exercise, and nopreachments. I don’tbelieve in taking advantageof someone who comes tothe theatre by teachingthem a lesson. It’s not myprerogative to teachanything.” Mary Pickford
  27. 27. virtue and vitality on screenchampioned thereforms of theProgressivemovement
  28. 28. virtue and vitality off screenused celebritystatus as an activist with Pres. Herbert Hoover extensive commitment to sell liberty bonds Motion Picture Relief Fund
  29. 29. virtue and vitality off screenAlwayschaperoned byher mother,Charlotte
  30. 30. virtue and vitality on screenexpanded the perimeters ofrespectable female behavior farbeyond 19th century standards.
  31. 31. virtue and vitality on screenexpanded the perimeters ofrespectable female behavior farbeyond 19th century standards. the kidnap
  32. 32. virtue and vitality on screenexpanded the perimeters ofrespectable female behavior farbeyond 19th century standards. the kidnap cast as foreigner
  33. 33. virtue and vitality on screenexpanded the perimeters ofrespectable female behavior farbeyond 19th century standards. the kidnap cast as foreigner primitive
  34. 34. virtue and vitality on screenexpanded the perimeters of respectablefemale behavior far beyond 19th centurystandards. the kidnap cast as foreigner primitive youth playful
  35. 35. virtue and vitality on screenexpanded the perimeters of respectablefemale behavior far beyond 19th centurystandards. the kidnap cast as foreigner primitive youth playful subordinate
  36. 36. virtue and vitality off screenastute businesswoman 1909 started at Biograph at $10/day 1914 started at Famous Players @ $500/wk by 1916 was earning $10,000/ wk plus %50 of film profits. also choose stories, director and cast by 1918, she partnered with Griffith, Fairbanks, and Chaplin to form United Artists
  37. 37. virtue and vitality off screenyouth “We are our own sculptors. Who can deny that passion and unkind thoughts show on the lines and expressions of our faces...young people seldom have these vices until they start getting old, so I love to be with them. The impulses of youth are natural and good.” “No woman can be a success on the screen if she dissipates even one little bit.”
  38. 38. marriage kept exploration of sexuality and freedom as awoman properly held in check and created additional avenues for consumption
  39. 39. sparrowsCompare/contrast Mr. Grimes and BattlingBurrows.Why does Grimes have a limp?How do Lucy and Molly deal with theirproblems?Mary consistently defies the men in her life -why is this defiance tolerated?Name the ways in which Mary uses her head.How is Mary’s sexuality contained in thisfilm? Or, how did her character still upholdVictorian values?What is the significance of the film’s ending?
  40. 40. working girl“Our serial queen meetsmore celebrities every weekthan her small-town sisters.Her gowns are perfectvisions of delight. THe storyof her adventures in NewYork is a narrative al all thejoys of refined, metropolitanexistence.”pg 108 - Lary May
  41. 41. Women are my greatest fans becausethey se in my vampire theimpersonal vengeance of all theirunavenged wrongs..they havelacked either the courage or willpower to redress their grievances.Even downtrodden wives write meto this effect. And they give me thegreatest compliment: “I know Ishould sympathize with the wife,butI do not.” I am in effect a feminste.” Theda Bara
  42. 42. amnesiain searching for some way tograft thi aulity ontootherwise “good women,”filmmakers in this earlytransition period from1912-1914 used the device ofamnesia. The heroine losesher memory and particiatesin forbidden activities freefrom responsibility.
  43. 43. a fool there was - 1914 sex could destroy the social order (Lary May - pag 106)
  44. 44. theda barapopular 1914-1916Unlike the blond young virgins who came before, Bara wasvoluptuous and dark. Press releases protrayed this mysteriousbeauty as the daughter of a French nobleman and an Algerianprincess; but in reality she was Theodosia Goodman ofCincinnati, OH. Her exotic facade allowed the audience toidentify snsual evil with foreigners. Yet iw aws also clear thatshe represented the quest for excitement -- and the danger oftaking it too far -- facing bored and anxious urbanites.
  45. 45. her freedom brings her in contact with a wider range of availablemales. She also attracts them with sexual allure r - raises the chance for an ensuing union based on something other than gentility.
  46. 46. norma talmadge
  47. 47. mary pickford

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