The Framework for the Multi-Hazard Global Early Warning System


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UN/ISDR International Early Warning Programme: The Framework for the Multi-Hazard Global Early Warning System. Presentation given during UN-SPIDER Workshop, UN Campus Bonn, Germany
30 October 2007

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The Framework for the Multi-Hazard Global Early Warning System

  1. 1. UN/ISDR International Early Warning Programme:The Framework for the Multi-Hazard Global Early Warning System
  2. 2. WCNDR 1994) WCDR (2005)Yokohama Strategy Hyogo Framework for Action IDNDR ISDR (2000) Global Platform DRR (2007) (1990-1999)EWC’98 EWC II EWC III (2006) (1998) (2003) Global Survey of EWS, EW ChecklistPotsdam 5 Work Areas Early Warning Projects Recommendations PPEW (2004)IEWP EW Stakeholder Interim AG First AG2005 Consultation Meeting MeetingWCDR 2006 Dec 2006 March 2006
  3. 3. Early Warning Conference II areas of work1) Better integration of early warning into development processes and public policies2) Improved data availability for investigating, forecasting/predicting and managing risks on different time scales3) Improved capacities and strengthened early warning systems, particularly in developing countries4) Development of people-centred warning systems5) Mechanisms for sustaining the early warning dialogue and supporting the development and implementation of a programme
  4. 4. Recommendations from EWC IIIRecommendation 1: Develop a globally comprehensive early warning system, rooted in existing early warning systems and capacitiesRecommendation 2: Build national people-centred early warning systemsRecommendation 3: Fill the main gaps in global early warning capacitiesRecommendation 4: Strengthen the scientific and data foundations for early warningRecommendation 5: Develop the institutional foundations for a global early warning system
  5. 5. Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning (PPEW) Overall secretariat’s functions including support and coordination for the IEWP with guidance provided by the IEWP Advisory Group Partnership and alliance building Advocacy and promotion of early warning and the IEWP Development of web tools, clearing house and repository for knowledge and information Mobilizing resources for the IEWP Monitoring progress in the implementation of early warning and the IEWP
  6. 6. SG Report A/62/340 Global Survey of Early Warning SystemsSeptember 14, 2007 Request that the ISDR secretariat, in collaboration with relevant actors, undertake an assessment of the financing of early warning systems Involve the major operational agencies through the International Early Warning Programme Request the ISDR secretariat to facilitate, in cooperation with all United Nations system entities concerned, the development of globally comprehensive early warning systems, rooted in and composed of Member States systems, capacities and networks.
  7. 7. 4 key elements ofpeople-centred early warningsystems
  8. 8. Tropical CyclonesWMO/WWWRSMC Miami NHC/TPCRSMC Tropical Cyclones Drought New Delhi ACMAD: African Center forRSMC Nadi Meteorological Services Meteorological Application toRSMC Tokyo Typhoon Center DevelopmentRSMC La Reunion, Météo-France AGHRYMET/CILSS: Committee onCHC Canadian Hurricane Centre Drought Control Sahel BoM: Bureau of Meteorology AustraliaCPHC Central Pacific Hurricane CenterJTWC Joint Typhoon Warning Center DMCs: Drought Monitoring Centers for Floods Eastern and Southern Africa WMO World Meteorological OrganizationBoM Bureau of Meteorology Australia FASREP/WFP: World Food Programme NOAA National Oceanic and AtmosphericNOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric FAO/GIEWS: Food and Agriculture Administration Administration Organisation FHRC Flood Hazard Research Center IGADD/EWFIS: Early Warning and Food UDA University of DartmouthIRI International Research Institute for climate Information System IRI International Research Institute for climate prediction prediction IRI: International Research Institute IWIN Interactive Weather Information NetworkIWIN Interactive Weather Information Network Programme ESA European Space AgencyASW Australian Severe Weather NDMC: National Drought Mitigation MC/UNEP Mekong CommitteeCIMSS Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Center BoM Bureau of Meteorology Australia Satellite Studies NOAA: National Oceanic & AtmosphericUNISYS Administration SADC: Drought Monitoring Center USAID/FEWS: Famine Early Warning System USGS: U.S. Geological Survey WMO/WWW: World Weater Watch
  9. 9. Tsunamis IAPSO International Association for the Physical Science of the Oceans ITIC International Tsunamis Information Center NOAA National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration USGS U.S. Geological Survey PTWC/NOAA/IOC Pacific Tsunamis Warning Center WC&ATWC West Coast & Alaska Tsunamis Warning Center ITSU Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific Landslides IAEG International Assoc. of Engineering Geology ISSMFE Technical Committee on Landslides USGS U.S. Geological SurveyEarthquakes AGSO Australian Geological Survey OrganizationAGSO: Australian Geological Survey OrganizationCERESIS: Centro Regional de Sismologia America del Sur VolcanoesCNSS:Council of the National Seismic SystemGFZ: Geoforschungzentrum Postdam VAAC Volcanic Ash Advisory Center,GSS: Global Seismograph Services SIGVP Smithsonian Institute, Global Volcanism ProgramIASPEI: International Association Seismology & Earths Interior NOAA/NGDC/ National Oceanic & Atmospheric AdministrationISC: International Seismological Center IAVCEI International Association on Volcanology & Chemistry of EarthsNEHP: National Earthquakes Hazard Programme InteriorNGDC: National Geophysical Data Center, Worldwide Earthquakes Database GFZ Geo Forschungs Zentrum PotsdamNIED: Research Institute Earth Science & Disaster Prevention WOVO World Organization on Volcano ObservatoriesRADIUS: Risk Assessment Against Seismic Disaster OU The Open UniversityUSGS: U. S. Geological Survey USGS U.S. Geological Survey NASA/EOS Volcanology
  10. 10. Biodiversity LossDIVERSITAS/IUBS International Union of Biological Science ErosionGTOS Global Terrestrial Observing System FHRC Flood Hazard Research CenterWCMC World Conservation Monitoring Center EURIMAGEGISP Global Invasive Species Programme ESA European Space AgencyWWF World Wide Fund NSERL National Soil Erosion Research LaboratoryIUCN The World Conservation Union USGS U.S. Gelogical SurveyWRI World Resources InstituteBSP Biodiversity Support ProgramCI Conservation International The Nature ConservancyTraffic Fires UNEP GRID-Geneva GRID Sioux-Fall Joint Research Centre NOAADeforestation Meteorological Service of Singapore (MSS)WCMC World Conservation Monitoring Center NASA Instituto National de Pesquisas EspacialGFW, WRI Global Forest Watch, World Resources Institute IFFM/GTZ National Forest Fire Center of RussiaNOAA National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration FirewatchWFW/GOFC World Forest Watch Global Observations Forest ESACover Canadian Forest ServiceFAO Food & Agriculture Organisation USDA Forest ServiceGAIA/GFCA Forest Conservation Archives National Interagency Fire CenterIUFRO International Union of Forestry Research Organizations Global Fire Monitoring CenterNFP/WSP New Forests Project World Seed Program ReutersESA European Space Agency ReliefwebUSAID/NRM/E Natural Resource Management/Environment
  11. 11. Water PollutionGEMS/WATER/UNEP Global Emergency Monitoring SystemGOOS/IOC Global Ocean Observing SystemUNEPSPREP/RSP South Pacific Regional Environment ProgramBSEP/RSP Black Sea Environmental ProgramCAR/RCU/UNEP/RSP Regional Coordinating Unit for the Caribbean Environment Chemical and Toxic WasteProgram IPCS International Program on Chemical SafetyCPPS/RSP Permanent Commission of the South Pacific USGS/NADP U.S. Geological SurveyRCU/EAR/UNEP/RSP Regional Coordinating Unit for the Eastern African Region CSHIB U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation BoardSACEP/RSP South Asian Cooperative Environmental Programme CEFIC Conseil Europeen de lIndustrie ChimiqueUNEP/RSP Water Branch North West Pacific FEERC Federal Environmental Emergency Response Center ofPERGSA /RSP Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment Program RoshydrometROPME/RSP Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine EnvironmentUNEP/RSP Water Branch West and Central AfricaUNEP/RSP Water Branch South West Atlantic Oil SpillsEAS/RCU/UNEP/RSP Regional Coordinating unit for the East Asian ITOPF International Tanker Owners Pollution FederationMEDU/ UNEP/RSP Coordinating Unit for the Mediterranean Action plan NOAA National Oceanic & Atmospheric AdministrationGIPME/IOC of UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission TSS Tromsoe Saellite StationNEAR/GOOS North-East Asian Region Global Ocean Observing System CETEMAR, S.L. Centro de Estudios Technico MaritimosAMAP Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program ESA European Space AgencyJRC/EI Joint Research Center, Environment Institute CSA Canadian Space AgencyNuclear Pollution Air PollutionAGSO Australian Geological Survey Organization WMO/GAW World Meteorological Organization Global AtmosphereGERMON/GEMS/UNEP Global Environmental Radiation Monitoring Network WatchFEERC Federal Environmental Emergency Response Center of Roshydromet GEMS/AIR/WHO Urban Air Quality Monitoring Project / WHOGNIP/IAEA/WMO Global Network Isotopes in Precipitation BAPMon Background Air Pollution Monitoring NetworkIAEA International AtomicEnergy Agency CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis CenterPIDC Prototype International DataCenter USGS/NADP U.S. Geological SurveyJRC/EI Joint ResearchCenter, Environment Institute JRC/EI Joint Research Center, Environment Institute EMEP Cooperative Program for the Monitoring and Evaluation of Long Range Air Pollutants in Europe
  12. 12. IEWP Coordinating Committee IEWP Secretariat The Early Warning ForumMembership database, discussion lists, on-line library, calendar, publications
  13. 13. Benefits and Added Values of IEWPIEWP provides added values to its partners by building on their on-goingactivities on early warning.Common agendas  More effective, wider information flow  Better focus on integrated people-centred early warning systems  Wider recognition of early warning’s role in meeting development goals  Systematically demonstrate the financial perspective of early warning (e.g. good for investment)
  14. 14. Shortcomings of the End-to-End System• Focus tends to remain on the hazard• Different hazards are typically dealt with by separate institutions• Dominance of the expert can lead to difficulties• Role of research and knowledge from outside is often not acknowledged.• Little engagement or empowerment of those at risk in the design and operation• Few systematic mechanisms to improve the system.• Weak public engagement and recognition
  15. 15. Key Ingredients The right to know Multidimensional analysis Investment Build on existing local structures Build on existing and appropriate information systems Local ownership Building leadership Accountability to act Local knowledge of indicators SchoolsPeople Centered EWSReliableReach the entire population even in remote areasPart of a chain
  16. 16.