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Mobile Loving: Sexting & Well-being

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Mobile Loving: Sexting & Well-being

  1. 1. Sexpertise 2014 February 13, 2014 Sexting and well-being among heterosexual young adults and young gay and bisexual men in the United States
  2. 2. Sexting: sharing sexually suggestive photos or messages through cell phones and other media Lenhart A. Teens and Sexting. Pew Internet and American Life Project; 2009. Available at: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/Teens-and-Sexting/Overview/Findings.aspx. Accessed August 15, 2011.
  3. 3. Sexting and Health  Risky?  Safe?  Neither?
  4. 4. 1 in 5 teens have sent nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves 1 in 3 young adults have sent nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves Women are more likely than men to have sent nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unwanted Pregnancy, Cosmogirl.com: Sex and Tech: Results of a Survey of Teens and Young Adults. Available at: http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/SEXTECH/PDF/SexTech_Summary. pdf.
  5. 5. 83% of young adult women 75% of young adult men 21% of young adult women 30% of young adult men 15% of young adult women 23% of young adult men Sent pictures or messages to a boyfriend/ girlfriend Sent pictures or messages to someone they wanted to date or hook up with Sent pictures or messages to someone they only knew online
  6. 6. What is the relationship between sexting and well- being among heterosexual young adults?
  7. 7. Recruitment • Recruited through Facebook ads • Referred friends via WebRDS
  8. 8. (N=3,448) Sex Male 51.60% Female 48.40% Race/Ethnicity White 72.80% Black 5.10% Hispanic/Latino 8.50% American Indian/Alaska Native 1.00% Asian/Asian Pacific Islander/NH 11.80% Other 3.60% 2 or more 2.80% Unknown 3.00% Region Northeast 36.30% Midwest 23.30% South 28.50% West 11.90%
  9. 9. 435 (57%) 96 (13%) 214 (28%) Never Sexted Received Only Both Sent and Received Sent Only Sexting Status
  10. 10. Conclusions •Sexting is a prevalent behavior • Sexting is a reciprocal behavior • More likely among young adults who are sexually active • Males receive sexts more often than females • Sexting is NOT associated with sexual risk outcomes • Sexting is NOT associated with psychological correlates Gordon-Messer, D., Bauermeister, J. A., Grodzinski, A., & Zimmerman, M. (2012). Sexting among young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52 (2013). 301-306. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.05.013
  11. 11. What is the relationship between sexting and well-being among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)?
  12. 12. Recruitment
  13. 13. N = 1,507 Mean(SD)/N(%) Age 20.80 (.12) Race/Ethnicity White 987 (65.5%) Black 131 (8.7%) Latino 256 (17.0%) Asian/Pacific Islander 58 (3.8%) Multiracial 54 (3.6%) Other 21 (1.4%) Sexual Identity Gay 1389 (92.2%) Bisexual 45 (3.2%) Other 68 (4.6%) Educational Attainment Less than high school degree 54 (3.6%) High school degree 318 (21.1%) Technical/Associate Degree 89 (5.9%) Some College 733 (48.6%) College 220 (14.6%) Some graduate school 93 (6.2%)
  14. 14. 189 (12.6%) 158 (10.5%) 1138 (75.6%) Sexting Status Never Sexted Received Only Sent Only Both Sent and Received
  15. 15. • Sexting is prevalent among young gay and bisexual men. Psychological Well-being • No association with depression symptoms or self- esteem scores. • Anxiety symptoms are slightly higher among those who Sent & Received sexts when compared to those who Receive only. Sexual behaviors • Sexters more likely to be sexually-active, yet their sexting behavior is not associated with sexual risk practices. Conclusions Bauermeister, J. A., Yeagley, E., Meanley, S., & Pingel, E. S. (2013). Sexting among young men who have sex with men: Results from a national survey. Journal of Adolescent Health, (2013), 1-6. Retrieved from 1016/j.jadohealth.2013.10.013
  16. 16. 57.0% 13.0% 2.0% 28.0% 12.6% 10.5% 1.3% 75.6% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% Never Sexted Received Only Sent Only Sent & Received Heterosexual Gay & Bisexual Sexting Prevalence • More prevalent among gay and bisexual young adult men than heterosexual young adults Sexting and Health • Sexting is linked to sexual activity, yet not associated with sexual risk outcomes • Limited support for relationship between sexting and psychological well- being
  17. 17. Discussion • Risky sexual behavior? • Standalone safer sex practice? • New take on an age-old practice?
  18. 18. Essential Tolerable Bonus Deal Breaker Think about what might be important to you if you decide to send or receive sexts. Examples: being in a relationship with recipient, being partially clothed, etc.
  19. 19. Things to Consider • Communication • How can you communicate with a partner about sexting? • Relationship Dynamics • How will this affect my relationship? Benefits? Consequences? • What happens if the relationship ends? • Digital/Online Safety and Privacy • Who am I sexting? Will anyone else see the sext? • What makes sexting safer? Riskier? • How does the platform affect how safe or risky it is? Facebook, SnapChat, Tinder, Grindr, OkCupid, email, text message?
  20. 20. Thank You! Questions?

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