TECHNICAL PROPOSAL FOR READING IN ENGLISH, DIRECTED TO THE STUDENT SECTION 11-1, LICEO NOCTURNO DE DESAMPARADOS

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Rectoría, Universidad Magister. – 2014.

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TECHNICAL PROPOSAL FOR READING IN ENGLISH, DIRECTED TO THE STUDENT SECTION 11-1, LICEO NOCTURNO DE DESAMPARADOS

  1. 1. Universidad Magister Facultad de Educación Carrera de Enseñanza del Inglés Tesis de Grado para optar por el grado de Bachillerato en Enseñanza del Inglés “Technical Proposal for Reading in English, directed to the Student Section 11-1, Liceo Nocturno de Desamparados” Lorena García Villarreal Henry Gómez Salas Diciembre, 2011
  2. 2. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the problem  Nowadays, the advances in technology, economy, and a cultural globalization have made English language one of the main subjects in Costa Rica´s national education system. According to Garnier, Ministry of Education of the current government of Costa Rica, expresses that, “in the era of globalization the world has diluted its frontiers, generating a major integration and independence among many different cultures, costumes and languages. This conduces Costa Rica to confront diverse challenges, and one of them is the development of the linguistics competences.” (Garnier,2008).
  3. 3. Achievements.  Student´s interest, easy activities  Opportunity to explain their opinions  Motivated to participate  Aware to importance of the English  Necessity of developing reading skills  English teachers are interested to know more about how to introduce new strategies 
  4. 4. Limitations  Discouragement of the students  Lack of skills about reading comprehension  Photocopies and equipment  Students are shy and feel embarrassed 
  5. 5. Institutional framework The Nocturno de Desamparados High School. Community of Desamparados Circuito 01
  6. 6. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:  To motivate the students in the usage of effective tools that will develop skills to understand the English readings to obtain better results in the final national tests.  To examine the process of reading comprehension and the instruction to get effectiveness of it, at Liceo Nocturno de Desamparados.  To establish new strategies to effectiveness during the reading process. produce
  7. 7. Results of the exam of Bachillerato 2008
  8. 8. Proficient Proficient reading depends on the ability to recognize words quickly and effortlessly
  9. 9. • What reading comprehension skills are available for the students in the “Liceo Nocturno de Desamparados” to improve their English? PROBLEM STATEMENT
  10. 10. LEARNING STRATEGIES Activating background knowledge to make connections between new and known information Questioning the text Drawing inferences Determining importance Creating mental images Repairing understanding when meaning breaks down Synthesizing information
  11. 11. Results of the exams of (Bachillerato) 2008. Chart # 3 Source: MEP (Ministry of Education) 2008 Amount of Amount the Percentage of students who student who students who promotion applied the passed the failed the test test Subject Amount of test Spanish 31832 29781 2051 93,56% Social studies 31832 28527 3305 89,62% Mathematics 31832 25246 6586 79,31% Biology 25420 21951 3469 86,35% Physics 3559 2727 832 76,62% Chemistry 2847 2467 390 86,35% French 4168 3879 289 93,07% English 27713 24274 3439 87,59% 31832 29517 2315 92,73% 31832 20471 11361 64,31% Civic Education National level
  12. 12. The chart shows the results obtained in the national tests (Bachillerato) 2008. It is classified by subject and the percentage of promotion. This chart describes the three subjects where the students presented more difficulties in the national tests (2008). According to this chart, mathematics is the subject that presented the highest amount of students who failed the tests. In the second place, Biology with (3469) students who failed the tests, and finally in the third place, the English subject with (3439) students who failed the national standardized tests.
  13. 13. National tests To achieve the national exams, pupils must used effective ways to comprehend or tools to interpret and analyze texts. Reading Listening National tests Talking Writing
  14. 14. Some negative attitudes toward the English class A sense, a purpose Memorize concepts Key words They do not enter to the English classes Recognize the main idea Very long list Vocabulary very complicated Students can not buy textbooks
  15. 15. Factors that affect the learning process in Costa Rica The lack of effective material Curricula and real interest Motivation and traditional methods The enviroment Socio-economic problems
  16. 16. Historical context of the teaching English language in Costa Rica This investigation analyses all the process of the English teaching language in Costa Rica since its beginning until today.  Exporter of coffee in latin america  Gold grain  Europe and United Stated  Costarrican learn English 
  17. 17. Approaches Applied During the Last Decades in the Teaching of the Second Language in Costa Rica The grammar- Translation: The direct method The audio lingual or audio – oral approach The communicative approach
  18. 18. HOW TO MOTIVATE ENGLISH LEARNERS: PRE-READING ACTIVITIES WHILE –READING ACTIVITIES POST- READING ACTIVITIES
  19. 19. BACKGROUND OF THE LICEO NOCTURNO DE DESAMPARADOS  It is located in the community of Desamparados.  circuito 01  Professors  Social and economic aspect of the students
  20. 20. DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY  This study is a descriptive investigation in which its main objective is to identify if the strategies applied in class by the teacher will increase the students’ comprehension of texts and to identify through this descriptive investigation the attitudes that students of eleventh grade present when they apply Effective Reading Strategies that facilitate the comprehension of English texts.
  21. 21. “A descriptive research, describes data, attitudes, and characteristic about a phenomenon being study”  For Jones (1979) the descriptive research studies the relationship among the non manipulated variables only. The investigation selects the relevant variables from the event or conditions that already exist at present and analyze their relationship.
  22. 22. DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY 1- Identify which is the gathered information 2- Techniques that are appropriate and identify and describe the attitudes. 3-An evaluation 4-The post-test
  23. 23. SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION The group of 11-1 of the Liceo Nocturno de Desamparados SOURCES OF INFORMATION INSTRUMENTS APPLIED IN THE STUDY STUDENT´S QUESTIONNAIRE TEACHER´S QUESTIONNAIRE
  24. 24. SCANNING MAKING INFERENCE SKIMMING MAIN IDEAS STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPING ENGLISH READING COMPREHENSION GUESSING MEANING FROM THE CONTEXT
  25. 25. ASPECT THAT TEACHERS HAVE TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT WHEN APPLYING EFFECTIVE READING TECHNIQUES ARE: THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER DEVELOPING OF THE ENGLISH LESSONS EVALUATION MATERIAL USED DURING THE PRACTICES
  26. 26. METHODOLOGICAL PROCEDURES OF THE DIFFERENT READING TECHNIQUES APPLIED IN THE CLASSROOM WHAT I KNOW WHAT THEY WANT TO KNOW: WHAT I LEARNED FROM THE TOPIC
  27. 27. PROGRAMMED ACTIVITIES THE FIRST EVALUATION (the pre-test). Comparison – Contrast / charts How are they like?
  28. 28. Activity Problem – Solution The global warming Melting, the ozone layer, Flood, etc. The problem The effects The causes The solutions Deforestation, Industrial waste, Pollution, etc. To recycle, to protect the rain tropical forest, to save energy. Health and Diseases, Misuse of the Natural Resources, disaster like The Global Warming, Hurricanes, etc To organize the different components of the problem and later they have the possibility of classify the information studied
  29. 29. Activity K W L
  30. 30. EVENT / STORY PYRAMID
  31. 31. CONCEPT OF DEFINITION MAP
  32. 32. DATA ANALYSIS Results and analysis of the Investigation Results of the pre- test Graph # 4 Graphical Representation of the Data Analysis, Results of the Grades according to the Number of Students.
  33. 33. Graph # 5 Amount of Students Who Failed and Passed the Pre-Test and the Corresponding Percentage.

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