UNIVERSIDAD MAGISTER
FACULTAD DE EDUCACIÓN
CARRERA DE LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL
INGLÉS
TESIS PARA OPTAR POR EL GRAD...
We need to teach listening in our schools as
a skill. Why is it not taught? [ It is] crazy”
“

Julian Treasure
GENERAL OBJECTIVE

To diagnose the listening issues and the use
of listening strategies applied during the
listening acqui...
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

 To determine the issues that interfere the most
with effective listening comprehension.

 To ident...
INSTITUTO NACIONAL
DE APRENDIZAJE

created in 1965
Vision and Mission

Program under consideration
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
SOME FACTORS THAT AFFECT
LISTENING COMPREHENSION
TEXT

INTERLOCUTOR

TASK

LISTENER

PROCESS

English level

Top-down

Spe...
TYPES OF LISTENING
STRATEGIES
ACHIEVEMENT
STRATEGIES
FOR IMMEDIATE
RESPONSE

AVOIDANCE

REPAIR

PRO-ACTIVE
STRATEGIES

PLA...
AUTHENTIC AURAL
MATERIAL

Authentic recordings are those in which there are
“people speaking naturally and without the
pur...
METHODOLOGICAL
FRAMEWORK

 DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMETS:
Open-ended questionnaire, likert scale
and diagnostic listening te...
ANALYSIS AND
INTERPRETATIONS OF
RESULTS
GENERAL COMPARISON OF THE ASPECTS THAT
INFLUENCE LISTENING COMPREHENSION, SAN
JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013
80
70

60
TEXT
INTERL...
FREQUENCY OF LISTENING PRACTICE IN AND OUT
OF THE CLASSROOM, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA,
2013
12
10

8
6
4
2
0
always

often

so...
TYPES OF IMMEDIATE STRATEGIES SUGGESTED BY
THE PARTICIPANTS, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013
ACHIEVEMENT STRATEGIES

AVOIDANCE ...
GENERAL PARTICIPANTS' LISTENING LEVEL, SAN
JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013
PARTS OF THE

SKILLS EVALUATED

TEST

SECTION I

to list...
PERCENTAGE OF THE MOST USED
LISTENING RESOURCES

RESOURCES AND MATERIALS
FOR LISTENING PRACTICE

OUT OF THE
CLASSROOM

IN ...
CONCLUSIONS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS

 Unawareness of the aspects that can
influence comprehension

 Willingness to practice ...
CONCLUSIONS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS

 Unawareness of what listening strategies
really are.
 Poor listening sub-skills.
 Evi...
PROPOSAL TO DEVELOP METACOGNITIVE
AWARENESS OF ENGLISH LISTENING
ACQUISITION BY THE IMPLEMENTATION
OF A EIGHT-DAY-DURATION...
GENERAL OBJECTIVE

To implement metacognitive listening
lessons through the use of natural
and authentic aural texts.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
 To describe the main aspects that can
significantly have an effect in comprehension.
 To provide ex...
PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP

 The general enhancement
performance and strategies

of

listening

 The implementation of new ...
SAMPLE OF SESSIONS FOR THE
METACOGNITIVE-LISTENING WORKSHOP

SESSION

PROGRESS OBJECTIVE
OF HOURS NUMBER

TOPICS AND LEARN...
OTHER SUGGESTED MATERIAL
AND EQUIPMENT
QUANTITY

ITEM OR MATERIAL

APPROXIMATE
COST

5

Sony Digital Flash Voice Recorder
...
DEMONSTRATION OF A METACOGNITIVE
LISTENING ACTIVITY BASED ON AUTHENTIC
MATERIAL
I believe that every human being needs to
listen consciously in order to live fully”
Julian Treasure

THANK YOU FOR ACTIVE...
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A STUDY TO STRENGTHEN LISTENING ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH LEARNERS

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Bienvenidos a nuestro sitio virtual de la UNIVERSIDAD MAGISTER en Slide Share donde podrá encontrar los resultados de importantes trabajos de investigación prácticos producidos por nuestros profesionales. Esperamos que estos Mares Azules que les ponemos a su disposición sirvan de base para otras investigaciones y juntos cooperemos en el Desarrollo Económico y Social de Costa Rica y otras latitudes.

Queremos ser enfáticos en que estos trabajos tienen Propiedad Intelectual por lo que queda totalmente prohibida su reproducción parcial o total, así como ser utilizados por otro autor, a excepción de que los compartan como citas de autor o referencias bibliográficas. Toda esta información también quedará a su disposición desde nuestro sitio web www.umagister.com,

Disfruten con nosotros de este magno contenido bibliográfico Magister esperando sus amables comentarios, no sin antes agradecer a nuestro Ing. Jerry González quien está administrando este sitio.

Rectoría, Universidad Magister. – 2014.

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A STUDY TO STRENGTHEN LISTENING ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH LEARNERS

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD MAGISTER FACULTAD DE EDUCACIÓN CARRERA DE LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL INGLÉS TESIS PARA OPTAR POR EL GRADO DE LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL INGLÉS A STUDY TO STRENGTHEN LISTENING ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH LEARNERS BACH. MARIELA GUTIÉRREZ PÉREZ 2013
  2. 2. We need to teach listening in our schools as a skill. Why is it not taught? [ It is] crazy” “ Julian Treasure
  3. 3. GENERAL OBJECTIVE To diagnose the listening issues and the use of listening strategies applied during the listening acquisition process.
  4. 4. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES  To determine the issues that interfere the most with effective listening comprehension.  To identify the types of listening strategies applied by learners in and out of the classroom.  To assess the listening level of learners through the application of an evaluation
  5. 5. INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE APRENDIZAJE created in 1965 Vision and Mission Program under consideration
  6. 6. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
  7. 7. SOME FACTORS THAT AFFECT LISTENING COMPREHENSION TEXT INTERLOCUTOR TASK LISTENER PROCESS English level Top-down Speech rate Hesitation Speaker’s gender Stress and rhythm Nature of the activity Morphological changes Word order Type of input Memory Affection Bottom-up processing Age Parallel Speaker’s culture or ethnic group Type of listening skill attention Background knowledge Adapted from: Rubin, J. (1994). A Review of Second Language Listening Comprehension Research. The Modern Language Journal, 78: 199-221.
  8. 8. TYPES OF LISTENING STRATEGIES ACHIEVEMENT STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE RESPONSE AVOIDANCE REPAIR PRO-ACTIVE STRATEGIES PLANNING, MONITORING, EVALUATING, REPLANNING, PROBLEM SOLVING
  9. 9. AUTHENTIC AURAL MATERIAL Authentic recordings are those in which there are “people speaking naturally and without the purposes of language learning in mind” (Field, 2009,p.270).
  10. 10. METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK  DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMETS: Open-ended questionnaire, likert scale and diagnostic listening test  VARIABLES: Listening Comprehension Problems Listening Strategies Listening Comprehension Level Available-to-everyone-resources
  11. 11. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS OF RESULTS
  12. 12. GENERAL COMPARISON OF THE ASPECTS THAT INFLUENCE LISTENING COMPREHENSION, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 80 70 60 TEXT INTERLOCUTOR LISTENER PROCESS TASK OTHERS 50 40 30 20 10 0 Always, often and sometimes Occasionally, almost never and never
  13. 13. FREQUENCY OF LISTENING PRACTICE IN AND OUT OF THE CLASSROOM, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 always often sometimes almost never never
  14. 14. TYPES OF IMMEDIATE STRATEGIES SUGGESTED BY THE PARTICIPANTS, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 ACHIEVEMENT STRATEGIES AVOIDANCE STRATEGIES "pay attention to sentence or word stress" "look for the meaning of unknown words and their pronunciation" "look for the meaning of unknown words" "avoid figuring out the meaning I usually translate it "translate into Spanish in my mind while I listen" Look for unknown words in the dictionary of unknown words for me"
  15. 15. GENERAL PARTICIPANTS' LISTENING LEVEL, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 PARTS OF THE SKILLS EVALUATED TEST SECTION I to listen selectively and listen for PERCENTAGE OF CORRECT ANSWERS 70 details SECTION II to discriminate details 42 SECTION III to infer and predict 49 SECTION IV listening for main ideas 28 SECTION V listening for general understanding 57 TOTAL 47
  16. 16. PERCENTAGE OF THE MOST USED LISTENING RESOURCES RESOURCES AND MATERIALS FOR LISTENING PRACTICE OUT OF THE CLASSROOM IN THE CLASSROOM websites for listening purposes 80 54 videos 73 93 movies 100 60 TV series 87 0 music 87 100 Textbook 33 87
  17. 17. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  Unawareness of the aspects that can influence comprehension  Willingness to practice and the recognition of the importance frequent practice has.
  18. 18. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  Unawareness of what listening strategies really are.  Poor listening sub-skills.  Evident preference for the use of authentic resources.
  19. 19. PROPOSAL TO DEVELOP METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS OF ENGLISH LISTENING ACQUISITION BY THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A EIGHT-DAY-DURATION WORKSHOP FOR LANGUAGE LEARNERS
  20. 20. GENERAL OBJECTIVE To implement metacognitive listening lessons through the use of natural and authentic aural texts.
  21. 21. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES  To describe the main aspects that can significantly have an effect in comprehension.  To provide examples of achievement, avoidance, repair and proactive listening strategies.  To appraise which listening strategies work best depending on the listener needs and listening task.
  22. 22. PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP  The general enhancement performance and strategies of listening  The implementation of new resources and equipment addressed to metacognitive instruction
  23. 23. SAMPLE OF SESSIONS FOR THE METACOGNITIVE-LISTENING WORKSHOP SESSION PROGRESS OBJECTIVE OF HOURS NUMBER TOPICS AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES Introduction to metacognitive stages in listening 6 36 7 Application of metacognitive strategies applied to a movie-video clip and a song (2 hours) Application of metacognitive stages in 5 groups ( each group is assigned a short audio to analyze in the class with the use of digital flash voice recorder (2 hours)
  24. 24. OTHER SUGGESTED MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT QUANTITY ITEM OR MATERIAL APPROXIMATE COST 5 Sony Digital Flash Voice Recorder ¢ 268.500 (ICD-PX312) 1 per instructor e-Book Goh, C. and Vandergrift, L. (2011). Teaching and Learning Second Language Listening: Metacognition in action. ¢ 21.892 1 per classroom LCD Television ¢ 199.900 1 for the Institution Listening Magazine Subscription: Yes! Digital Magazine (www.yes-mag.com) ¢ 19.778
  25. 25. DEMONSTRATION OF A METACOGNITIVE LISTENING ACTIVITY BASED ON AUTHENTIC MATERIAL
  26. 26. I believe that every human being needs to listen consciously in order to live fully” Julian Treasure THANK YOU FOR ACTIVELY LISTENING TO ME!

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