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Ulsara lodgers april 2018

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Dr Ruth McManus from the School of History & Geography, DCU provides a fascinating insight into the lives of lodgers in Dublin, and specifically in the Upper Leeson Street area.

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Ulsara lodgers april 2018

  1. 1. The Lodgers of Upper Leeson Street (and surroundings), 1911 Dr Ruth McManus School of History & Geography, DCU
  2. 2. Area surveyed: Census 1911, Thom’s, Irish Times Please note most historic images are copyright of the National Library of Ireland (NLI), with the exception of the postcard on Slide 6 kindly provided by Dr Joe Brady. Most contemporary images are sourced from GoogleMaps. Map extracts are from the Ordnance Survey of Ireland (OSI) 2nd edn (surveyed 1907-8) available online. Newspaper extracts are from the Irish Times archive. Census 1901 & 1911 is available from the National Archives online.
  3. 3. Source: NLI, Lawrence Collection Leeson Park
  4. 4. 4 Leeson Park (1911) 14 rooms occupied by 9 people ‘Boarding House Keeper’ Annie Jeffers (58) and her two children, plus Servant Visitor Boarders
  5. 5. Boarding House in Leeson Park, 1911
  6. 6. Lodgers/Boarders: 5% of Dublin’s 1911 population 1906 – Joe Brady collection
  7. 7. Definitions? • Lodgers – rented rooms in private dwellings, or bed in specialised ‘lodging house’, enumerated separately in census • Boarder – pay for meals as well as lodgings (vs. ‘dine out’), share common table with family • BUT in practice, inconsistency and often interchangeable use • Other terms in use, especially ‘paying guest’
  8. 8. male 68% female 32% Gender of Boarders and Lodgers in Dublin 1911 >24,400 individuals
  9. 9. Male 55% Female 45% Gender of Boarders & Lodgers (ULSARA 1911) 288 individuals
  10. 10. single 81% married 9% widowed 10% Marital status of Lodgers/Boarders in Dublin, 1911
  11. 11. Married 9% Widow 10% Single 81% Marital Status of Boarders & Lodgers (ULSARA 1911)
  12. 12. 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 0 to 9 10 to 19 20 to 29 30 to 39 40 to 49 50 to 59 60 to 69 70 to 79 80 to 89 90 to 99 Age profile of Lodger/Boarders 1911%
  13. 13. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 % Age of Boarders & Lodgers (ULSARA 1911)
  14. 14. Prevalence and Cultural Significance • Short stories featuring lodgers – Joyce Dubliners etc. • Newspaper advice columns – cover theft of belongings of lodger, failure to pay rent, disagreement over terms • Jokes in Weekly Irish Times
  15. 15. The Boarding House (Dubliners), 1914 • Mrs. Mooney, separated from her husband, set up a boarding house in Hardwicke Street • ‘Her house had a floating population made up of tourists from Liverpool and the Isle of Man and, occasionally, artistes from the music halls. Its resident population was made up of clerks from the city • ‘Mrs. Mooney's young men paid fifteen shillings a week for board and lodgings … shared in common tastes and occupations … were very chummy with one another. • ‘On Sunday nights there would often be a reunion in Mrs. Mooney's front drawing-room. The music-hall artistes would oblige; and Sheridan played waltzes and polkas …
  16. 16. Clarke collection NLI, 1890-1910 – Are these boarders at breakfast? Breakfast was over in the boarding house... Mary collect(ed) the crusts and pieces of broken bread to help to make Tuesday's bread- pudding... the table was cleared, the sugar and butter safe under lock and key…
  17. 17. Genteel suburban lodgers and “PGs” • Importance of ‘respectability’ • Perceptions: ‘having to take lodgers’ • ‘…as to taking lodgers, all the quality does it now’ (Ackland, IT 1909) • Advert: ‘Lady on Morehampton Road will receive Paying Guest; no children or lodgers’ (IT, 17 June 1905)
  18. 18. Extract from ‘Slumland under Limelight’, Weekly Irish Times, 1905 Lowering the tone in Pembroke township?
  19. 19. ULSARA area, 1911 • Census returns list 43 lodgers and 245 boarders in the ULSARA area – Probably an under-count • Widespread: almost every street has boarders • Specific types of boarders: individual living in a family home (linked by origin/occupation etc), ‘boarding house’, living with employer • Also some ‘flats’ being advertised
  20. 20. Raglan Road: NO boarders! Source: NLI, Raglan Road by Robert French
  21. 21. 1 Appian Way Boarding house keeper: Frances Kenny (48, widow, RC, Limerick) Daughter Daisy Kenny (29, single) 3 servants, including a cook 5 female boarders, aged 50-70, living off dividends (where income specified) 1 male boarder (28, solicitor, single) Both RC and CofI 16 rooms occupied by 11 people
  22. 22. Irish Times, 16 May 1911 Map: OSI 2nd Edn
  23. 23. Dartmouth Square: variety of arrangements • At 56: John Hooper (34, single, RC, Cork-born) clerk in dept of agriculture, boarding with Richard Kinsley (61, single, Episcopalian, Liverpool, compositor), his 2 nieces and servant • At 66: Sarah Shields (66, single, RC) and her sister have 1 boarder and 3 lodgers, insurance clerk, insurance inspector, librarian, dividends • At 31: 3 households enumerated, including Robert J. Young , Frances & Nannie Gainfort (actually boarders rather than separate households)
  24. 24. House & Buildings Return form: • Sarah Davey – 3 rooms occupied by 4 people • Robert J. Younge – 2 rooms, 1 person • Frances Gainsfort – 3 rooms, 2 people • Was there physical subdivision in house? Unlikely, as residents described themselves as boarders
  25. 25. Chelmsford Road 44 boarders / lodgers enumerated Source: NLI, Eason collection
  26. 26. Margaret Byrne, 34 Chelmsford Road: 6 rooms, 5 inhabitants (Form A missing) Irish Times: 19 April 1910
  27. 27. Baggot Street Upper Source: NLI Fergus O’Connor collection
  28. 28. Baggot St Upper (Thom’s 1910)
  29. 29. • 10: confectioners Margaret Milliner (19, King’s Co.), Mary Clifford (23, Kerry), Margaret Bracklee (25, Westmeath), Kate Leavy (26, Dublin) and shop assistant (Emily Fogarty (30, Dublin) boarding with owner, Mary Swords • 21: ironmonger’s assistant Henry Kierans (27) boarding with extended Weir family • 32: chemist’s assistant John Ford (36) boarding with general manager and family
  30. 30. Pembroke Road Source: NLI, French collection
  31. 31. Pembroke Road 1911 • 1911: 48 boarders, 4 lodgers • 132 houses (13 subdivided/multiple families) • 691 residents – i.e. 7.5% are lodger/boarders (above city average) • Lodgers in 28 houses (21%, more than 1 in 5)
  32. 32. Boarding House Keepers • Ellen Adams (45, widow, Presbyterian), No. 18 • 3 boarders, 1 servant • 8 rooms occupied by 5 people • She is a ‘boarding house keeper’ in census but house listed as ‘private dwelling’
  33. 33. Individual Boarders • E.g. 23 Pembroke Road William Wheeler (51, single) schoolmaster, MA Oxford, boarding with Henry Wimble, schoolmaster and family, plus 3 servants
  34. 34. Seeking Accommodation (1911) Irish Times, 13 Sept 1911 Irish Times, 28 August 1911
  35. 35. 12 December 1910 2 May 1911 27 May 1910 Accommodation offered…
  36. 36. 19 May 1910 Source: NLI French collection
  37. 37. 11 October 1910
  38. 38. 33 Waterloo Road Atkinson sisters, living ‘chiefly from dividends’, with servant and 71- year-old boarder, Frances Lawler
  39. 39. Lodgers on Morehampton Road? Source: NLI
  40. 40. 19 Morehampton Road: ‘English lady takes a few paying guests…’ Ellen Worke (50, widow), parents Henry & Augusta Northorn (82, 78) Boarders: Sara Campbell (82, widow, Fermanagh) Colin Campbell (52, married, Westmeath) retired banker Jane Malloy (50, widow, Antrim) Servants: Bridget Dunn (40, single, Dublin) cook, cannot read or write Johanna Johnston (21, single, Dublin) housemaid
  41. 41. Irish Times, 13 March 1911
  42. 42. Census 1901: P.G.-type arrangement? 34 Morehampton Road: elderly widow living off investments, boarder of similar age of no occupation, never married; 6 roomed house with cook and parlourmaid
  43. 43. Daniel Condon in 1901 and 1911 • Is there a boarding lifecycle?
  44. 44. 1901, 23 years old, single, tram driver, boarding with tram conductor and family at 22 Morehampton Road
  45. 45. 1911, Married 2 years, 1 child, living at 5 Elmwood Avenue, has a 23-year-old tram conductor as boarder
  46. 46. Census 1911 10 Morehampton Road, boarding house keeper! 7 boarders: students and house property, plus young relative listed as boarder
  47. 47. I.T. 6 January 1910 65.2: Margaret Glynn (67, CofI, widow) income from investments, from Fermanagh Also Catherine McManus (32, RC, single) servant, Fermanagh 65.1: James Joseph Power (66, RC, widower) retired bank manager from Waterford, living in a single room but enumerated as separate head of household
  48. 48. Lodgers and Boarders of ULSARA area • Common arrangement – Income for widows/single women, companionship – Accommodation for range of ages, occupations • Different arrangements, basis and duration – weekly/monthly/annual basis, furnished/unfurnished, board/partial board / dine out • Subtle differences: ‘paying guests’, boarding house • Unknowns: – Degree of separateness within the house? – Availability of self-contained flats vs. rooms with shared spaces…
  49. 49. Dr Ruth McManus Ruth.McManus@dcu.ie
  50. 50. School of History & Geography Dublin City University MA in History Understanding Ireland For information www.dcu.ie/MA-History.shtml

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