Housing Opportunity 2014 - In Pursuit of the Good Life: The Role of Housing in Health and Wellbeing, Micere Keels

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Micere Keels, The University of Chicago

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  • As Rebecca discussed improvements in housing and housing policy has had a significant effect on cognitive and physical health and this matters for the extent to which individuals can educate themselves out of poverty
    But the effects of improvements in housing quality and policy on inequality have stalled and as well all now know economic inequality has been rising since the 80s
  • in country-to-country comparisons, researchers find that the greater the difference between the richest and the poorest in a society, the worse off everyone in that society seems to be.
  • holistic approach grew from the knowledge that it’s not enough to improve or replace a single aspect of a struggling neighborhood
  • Housing Opportunity 2014 - In Pursuit of the Good Life: The Role of Housing in Health and Wellbeing, Micere Keels

    1. 1. The Persistent Problem of Inequality Leveraging Housing Policy to Narrow Inequality Micere Keels • University of Chicago Urban Land Institute• Housing Opportunity 2014 Conference May 14-16, 2014 Denver, Colorado
    2. 2. Links between inequality & health • Widening inequality makes the overall society sicker • A country’s overall economic success does predict people’s well-being, but among industrialized nations, the healthiest and happiest countries are not the richest. Rather, they are countries where wealth is shared widely and more equally.
    3. 3. http://inequality.org/inequality-health/ Infant Mortality is Higher in More Unequal Countries
    4. 4. http://inequality.org/inequality-health/ Life Expectancy is Lower in More Unequal Countries
    5. 5. Housing & Housing Policy Housing & Housing Policy Cognitive Functioning & Health Cognitive Functioning & Health Educational & Occupational Outcomes Educational & Occupational Outcomes Economically Integrated Schools Economically Integrated Schools Reducing Intergenerational Poverty Economically Integrated Neighborhoods Economically Integrated Neighborhoods
    6. 6. Economically integrated neighborhoods and schools promotes sharing of high quality public resources narrowing inequality in the next generation Finding Common Ground report
    7. 7. A Housing Mobility Experiment • Moving to Opportunity • Positively affected health • Little effect on income and education
    8. 8. A Natural Experiment: Back To The City Movement However, 32% child poverty 70% Free/Reduced Lunch in the city in the public schools
    9. 9. Economically Integrated Urban Communities Economic Mobility For Low Income Families • Leveraging the return to cities movement to reduce inequality • Share physical space but not social resources – E.g., in most large cities housing policy is no longer school policy – School choice allows middle-income families to choose the urban neighborhood they want and opt out of the low performing neighborhood school
    10. 10. Without purposeful action urban renewal will not lead to economically integrated social institutions and reductions in intergenerational poverty
    11. 11. Purpose Built Communities • Local community led holistic change
    12. 12. Urban Strategies • Aligning physical revitalization with human capital revitalization
    13. 13. StriveTogether • Using data to drive collective decision making and action

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