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Tom Redfern                Rachel Lockwood           LLB (Hons)                BSc (Hons), ACA, CTA     Head of Legal     ...
GLOBAL READYInternational Growth Strategies for SMEs: The Legal Aspects of Setting up in the UK          January 25, 2012,...
AgendaIndependent          UK                          How toContractor v     Employment                    protect IP in ...
Independent Contractor v EmployeeBoth sides may be drawn to the Independent Contractor route because:Cheaper:             ...
Independent Contractor v Employee• Similar rules to the US• Whatever the language of the contract, the UK tax  authorities...
Independent Contractor v EmployeeDangers of Contractor Route• IP vests in the contractor unless stated in the contract• No...
Independent Contractor v EmployeeGoverning Law and Jurisdiction• Employee relationship: must be governed by English law• C...
UK Employment Law
UK Employment Law•   Written contract•   Under English Law•   No employment ‘at will’•   No PTO days•   Minimum paid holid...
UK Employment LawSimplest way to dismiss an employee:• Give notice before 12 months service expires• Comply with the terms...
Intellectual Property: Protecting IP in the UK
How to Protect IP in the UK                                       Intellectual Property UpdateDifferent types of IP• Paten...
Patents                                         Intellectual Property UpdatePatents• Limited life span• Can be EU or UK wi...
Design                                           Intellectual Property UpdateDesign• Valid for 25 years• Can be EU or UK w...
The EndThank you for listening
Tom Redfern                                                 +44 20 7430 5886                                              ...
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Session2 f&l uk business immigration, employment and ip update tom redfern - jan 2012

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Session2 f&l uk business immigration, employment and ip update tom redfern - jan 2012

  1. 1. Tom Redfern Rachel Lockwood LLB (Hons) BSc (Hons), ACA, CTA Head of Legal Partner Fitzgerald & Law Oury ClarkProfessional Advisory Services Chartered Accountants
  2. 2. GLOBAL READYInternational Growth Strategies for SMEs: The Legal Aspects of Setting up in the UK January 25, 2012, Charlotte NC Session 2 Tom Redfern, Head of F&L Legal LLP
  3. 3. AgendaIndependent UK How toContractor v Employment protect IP in Employee Law Update the UK www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  4. 4. Independent Contractor v EmployeeBoth sides may be drawn to the Independent Contractor route because:Cheaper: More flexible: No visibility forNo employer tax to pay Rights of termination the principal:No holiday pay Ability to work for No payroll registrationNo employee benefits others Engagement can be viaNo tax deducted at No specific working US entitysource hours www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  5. 5. Independent Contractor v Employee• Similar rules to the US• Whatever the language of the contract, the UK tax authorities will look at the circumstances, such as… Is the contractor providing services for more than one client?Are there variable fees? Is there a right of substitution? Can the contractor hire someone else to do the work?Is the contractor provided with tools/equipment for the work? www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  6. 6. Independent Contractor v EmployeeDangers of Contractor Route• IP vests in the contractor unless stated in the contract• No duty of trust/good faith exists• Contractor will usually have no PI insurance• Tax liability if authorities determine it is an employer/employee relationship and cannot collect tax from the employee• Contractor can seek clearance from authorities to determine the status of the relationship but this is not customary and puts the relationship on their radar www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  7. 7. Independent Contractor v EmployeeGoverning Law and Jurisdiction• Employee relationship: must be governed by English law• Contractor relationship: can choose a US State’s law and likewise jurisdiction venue is a matter of choice• If you want to bring a claim: better to choose English law and the English courts www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  8. 8. UK Employment Law
  9. 9. UK Employment Law• Written contract• Under English Law• No employment ‘at will’• No PTO days• Minimum paid holiday entitlement• No Maximum working hours• Sick pay rules• Restrictive covenants• Protection against dismissal after 12 months service www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  10. 10. UK Employment LawSimplest way to dismiss an employee:• Give notice before 12 months service expires• Comply with the terms of the employment contract OTHERWISE you won’t be able to enforce post-termination restrictions in the contract• From April 2012, the ‘12 months’ rule will change to 2 years (better for employers) Compromise Agreement www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  11. 11. Intellectual Property: Protecting IP in the UK
  12. 12. How to Protect IP in the UK Intellectual Property UpdateDifferent types of IP• Patent: registered• Trademark: registered/unregistered• Design: registered/unregistered• Copyright: unregistered www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  13. 13. Patents Intellectual Property UpdatePatents• Limited life span• Can be EU or UK wide• Annually renewable• ExpensiveTrademarks• Valid so long as registration renewed• Can be EU or UK wide• Renewable every 10 years• Covers the 45 different classes of goods or services required www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  14. 14. Design Intellectual Property UpdateDesign• Valid for 25 years• Can be EU or UK wide• Renewable every 5 yearsCopyright• Cannot register• Valid for the creator’s life + 70 years (except songs, which is 50 years)• Software and databases can be protected as literary works www.fitzgeraldandlaw.com London San Francisco
  15. 15. The EndThank you for listening
  16. 16. Tom Redfern +44 20 7430 5886 tredfern@fandllegal.com North America Office London Office388 Market Street, Suite 1300, San Francisco CA94111 8 Lincoln’s Inn Fields London WC2A 3BP +1 415 7289815 +44 20 7404 4140 info@fitzandlaw.com info@fandllegal.com www.fitzgeralandlaw.com

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