The crown estate

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  • Water column Fisheries Rights to Oil, Gas and Coal Public rights of navigation
  • The crown estate

    1. 1. 中英海上风能研讨会 Martin Simpson 马丁 · 辛普森 Head of Energy and Technology 能源与技术部主任 22 nd September 2011 2011 年 9 月 22 日 皇家产业(管理局) : 英国投标与 审核 程序 Sino- British Offshore Wind Power Workshop The Crown Estate: UK Bidding and Permitting Processes
    2. 2. 皇家产业(管理局) The Crown Estate Urban Estate 市区产业 Marine Estate 海洋产业 Rural Estate 乡村产业 Windsor Estate 温莎产业
    3. 3. 海洋产业 部 <ul><li>850,000 km2 海 域 </li></ul><ul><li>22000km of coast line </li></ul><ul><li>22000km 海岸线 </li></ul><ul><li>A responsibility to enhance the estate’s value </li></ul><ul><li>责 任之一是 提高产业的价值 </li></ul><ul><li>Subject to good management and stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>需要精于 管理 , 尽职尽力 </li></ul>The Marine Estate
    4. 4. 能源商务活动 Wave and Tidal 波浪能与潮汐能 Gas Storage 天然 气储存 CO2 Storage CO2 储存 Offshore Wind 海上风能 Energy Business Activities
    5. 5. 英国海上风能计划 <ul><li>Rounds 1&2 including Extensions and Demo’s </li></ul><ul><li>第 1&2 阶段 , 包括扩 建 部分和示范 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 GW operational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 GW 在运行 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.7 GW under construction (8 projects) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.7GW 在建项目( 8 个项目) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 projects consented, pre-construction (up to 1 GW ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 个 核 准 , 施工前准备(达 1GW ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 projects awaiting consent (up to 1.3 GW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 个项目待 核 准(达 1.3GW ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 projects pre-application (up to 2.9 GW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 个项目准备申请 核 准(达 2.9GW ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scottish Territorial Waters (STW) </li></ul><ul><li>苏格兰领域水域 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 projects active in pre-application (up to 5 GW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 个项目准备申请 核 准(达 5GW ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Round 3 </li></ul><ul><li>第三阶段 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>32 GW in development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32GW 在 开发 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>R3 focus is </li></ul><ul><li>第三阶段重点是: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable energy targets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>可再生能源目标 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>就业 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale and programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>规模与规划 </li></ul></ul>UK Offshore Wind Programme
    6. 6. 产业 进展 <ul><ul><li>Technology viability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>技术 可行性 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>系统知识 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>发展理念 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>发展关系 </li></ul></ul>2000-2009 Pioneering Phase 示范 阶段 2009-2015 commercialising offshore 2009-2015 商业 化 海上 风电场 2015- Industrial Large scale GW offshore power plants 2015- 工业性大规模 GW 级 还剩风电场 <ul><ul><li>Stimulating competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>刺激性竞争 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>吸取教训 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D & demonstration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>研发和示范 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>规模 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sourcing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>来源 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge base </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>知识基础 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>成本效率 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technology development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>技术 发展 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>installation and O&M concepts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>安装和 O&M 理念 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>value chain engineering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>价值链工程 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Component reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>部件的可靠性 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply R&D & demonstration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>应用研发和示范 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New concepts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>新理念 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>新材料 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>新技术 </li></ul></ul></ul>Industrial Evolution
    7. 7. 第 3 阶段 <ul><li>Development in partnership with The Crown Estate to consent </li></ul><ul><li>与皇家资产伙伴关系的开发 </li></ul><ul><li>Shared development risk. Pre-consent co-funding > £100m. Contract obligations on programme and budget to consent. Competition criteria based on confidence in end-to-end delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>同意分担开发风险。预先同意共同出资 > 1 亿英镑。 </li></ul><ul><li>签订规划的合同责任和批准的预算。 </li></ul><ul><li>竞争标准基于点到点递送信任 </li></ul><ul><li>A zonal approach (exclusivity for development partner/consortium) </li></ul><ul><li>分区方法(专有开发伙伴 / 联盟) </li></ul><ul><li>Assess cumulative impact, engage holistically with stakeholders, supply chain confidence, strategic supply chain development. </li></ul><ul><li>评估 累积的效果,与利益相关方全程参与。 </li></ul><ul><li>供应链信任,战略性供应链开发 </li></ul><ul><li>Direct intervention by The Crown Estate to promote and de-risk </li></ul><ul><li>由皇家资产直接干预来促进和分担风险 </li></ul><ul><li> Investment in enabling actions on national issues, master planning, workstreams on key risks, forums of developers and politicians. </li></ul><ul><li>投资于能够采取行动的国家事务、总规划、重要风险工作流,开发商和政治家论坛 </li></ul>The Round 3 Approach
    8. 8. Projec Approval . 项目审批 Apply for Consents 申请许可 Obtain Consents 获取许可 Option Notice Served 择买卖特权通告 Lease Commencement 租赁开始 Works Implementation 工作实施 Works Completion 工程完工 Zone Appraisal 区域评估 Agreement For Lease (AfL) Project A 租赁( Afl) 项目 A 协议 Zone Development Agreement (ZDA) 区域开发协议( ZAD) Zone Development 区域开发 From 2 yrs 从 2 年 From 1 yr 从 1 年 Typ. 1 yr 典型 1 年 Project Approval 项目审批 Typ. 50 yr 典型 50 年 <ul><li>Key Project Consents </li></ul><ul><li>重要项目同意项 </li></ul><ul><li>Planning Acts </li></ul><ul><li>规划法规 </li></ul><ul><li>IPC/ Marine Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>IPC/ 海洋 苏格兰 </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Bill </li></ul><ul><li>海洋法 </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>恰当评估 </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Partner Development Actions Zone Appraisal & Planning 伙伴开发活动区评估和规划 Development Actions 开发行动 Option Period 选择 买卖的特权 期 Project Build 项目建设 Lease – Project A 租赁 - 项目 A Project Identification Project B 项目鉴定 项目 B Project Identification Project A 项目鉴定 项目 A Project Co 项目合作 Zone Partner 区域伙伴
    9. 9. 环境 评估和项目 审批 Project Concept 项目 概念 Consent Determination 审批决定 Consent Application 申请审批 Discharge Consent Conditions 发放审批条件 Pre-application 2 - 3 Years 预审核 2-3 年 Construction 3 Years 施工 3 年 Examination by Regulators 12 – 15 Months 审核 12-15 个月 <ul><li>Environmental survey </li></ul><ul><li>环境勘查 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impact assessment </li></ul><ul><li>环境影响评估 </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder /Public consultation </li></ul><ul><li>咨询 利益相关方 / 公众 </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution of objections </li></ul><ul><li>异议决议 </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation planning </li></ul><ul><li>减缓计划 </li></ul><ul><li>Scheme adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>规划改编 </li></ul><ul><li>Submission of Docs </li></ul><ul><li>递交文件 </li></ul>Financial Investment Decision 1 – 2 years 投资决定 1-2 年 <ul><li>Pre-construction survey </li></ul><ul><li>施工前勘查 </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and post construction survey </li></ul><ul><li>施工中和施工后勘查 </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring reports </li></ul><ul><li>监测报告 </li></ul>Environmental permitting
    10. 10. UK Pipeline Market Shares
    11. 11. 其他有关资料 http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk 海上风电场指南 英国海上风电报告 2011 迈向第 3 阶段: 海上风电供应链建设进展 Supporting Information

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