India is big , young and complicated. $1.4trn economy. Per capita GDP of $1,340; growing at c6%. Population of £1.2 bn. Half under 25 years. Dynamic and Aspirational middle class. 53 Cities bigger than 1m; cf Birmingham (2 nd city @ 1.1m) A federal system 28 states and 7 union territories. Uttar Pradesh has population of Brazil (200m); 4000 municipal bodies. Democracy “worst form of govt except for all the others.” Complicated: extremes of poverty and wealth.
Rapid urbanisation : Over a quarter live in cities - 14% in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata., 22m urban middle class households: 91m by 2030; 590m people;68 cities>1m. Primarily being fuelled by growth in second and third tier cities.:incubator of Smart Cities. Big opportunity: US$1.2 trillion investment required in Indian cities to respond to growth demands (McKinsey Global Institute, 2010) Some cities in India are already aiming to become ‘smart cities’ – eg Pune, Delhi (both recipients of IBM Smart Cities Challenge grant), Hyderabad and Bangalore Hyderabad using GPS to cover solid waste management and maintain parks and street lights through cell phone images put onto web. Surat is introducing an online water quality monitoring system. A number of greenfield cities, some of which are being developed as smart cities – Lavasa in Maharashtra has already seen completion of 2-3 phases. But not just for the rich: catering for new middle class.
60% of population live in slums. But 150,000 dollar millionaries. Fundamentals of smart cities are rare the same – efficient services, energy efficiency, entrepreneurial environment , e-governance. But concept of Smart Cities in India may not match the global understanding of Smart Cities. In India, access to use of modern IT technologies in public spaces, energy efficient buildings, 24x7 water supply, e-governance for frontline services, or integrated transportation options are considered Smart Cities, even don’t have same appearance. Remodelling old cities - urban regeneration - to absorb rising numbers. Needs and priorities can be different. More Indians have mobile phones than toilets. So use “people as infrastructure” eg using network analysis of geo-location of mobiles can enable transport authorities to inform people of bus schedules, divert traffic as areas get congested. In Bangalore BTIS uses mobile phone usage and taxi radio systems to deliver real time traffic reports by SMS. Gurgaon used webcams to help control stray cows.
Initiatives in cities/nationally include: Ultra PRT UK is discussing personal rapid transport system: smart ,low cost, and ideal for congested areas where large scale displacement Is lmpossible - last mile connectivity. Transportation: 14 cities are considering Metro Rail; 7 being implemented. Traffic management: Delhi :CCTV enabled traffic management pilot in2013. Hyderabad : Intelligent Transportation System - first in India: real time information on traffic, water logging, road conditions Indore : Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System Serco, has been selected to operate and maintain buses. Green buildings: energy conservation building code (ECBC) Energy efficiency cities like Vijaywada (Andhra Pradesh) Green cities: Lavasa (Maharashtra) is attempting to become the first green city of India. Occupancy based lighting. Governance: e-governance initiatives on property tax, user charges, birth and death registrations, complaint redressal, etc. Two 'smart' cities with intelligent transport and carbon neutral status in each of the states in the second phase of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal mission. Medium sized cities with half a million to one million population Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor: seven 'smart cities‘ on a1,500-km industrial corridor across six states World-class manufacturing hubs, population more 2m. Smart grids, digitally managed infrastructure. Total investment of $100 billion. Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT): Work on high-tech financial centre has just begun; first phase to be completed in 3.5 years. Central command centre to monitor IT system, energy –efficient not AC. Moving walkways, not cars.
Opportunities for UK companies. Technology, experience, expertise. World-class offer. Increasing focus on value, as well as price. Frugal innovation: needs to be right for India. Relationships and partners matter. Patience needed. Prepare: so use UKTI
Smart cities smart living india presentation
Smart Cities, Smart Living India is big and complicated … Barry Lowen UK Trade & Investment India
What does this mean for you? Position Price People Persevere Prepare
What Next? In UK: Your International Trade Advisor In India: Barry.Lowen@fco.gov.uk“UKTI’s service is simply fantastic, and very good valuefor money. They have a lot to offer that can remove therisk of exploring new markets and improve yourchances of success.”