Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Urban space: a mental health perspective

2,492 views

Published on

Dr Georgina Hosang, Goldsmiths, University of London as part of the Back to basics – human physiology, psychology & place-making dialogue.

#FeelGoodSpaces

Supported by ARCC Network, Feeling Good Foundation, Wellcome Trust, European Cultural Foundation

http://www.arcc-network.org.uk/health-wellbeing/feeling-good-in-public-spaces/human-physiology-psychology-place-making/

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Urban space: a mental health perspective

  1. 1.  Urban spaces: a mental health perspective Dr Georgina Hosang, g.hosang@gold.ac.uk; @DrHosang,
  2. 2. Outline  Mental health  Mental health & city living  Why?  Vulnerable individuals  The city itself  Further questions
  3. 3. Mental Health Functioning Behaviour Emotion Mental illness or mental health problems Adjustment Psychological well-being No health without mental health
  4. 4. Disorder Urban areas (%) Rural area (%) Depression 17.1 6.1 Alcohol dependence 5.5 3.5 Substance dependence 2.6 0.9 Prevalence of mental illnesses in the UK Two-fold increase in incidence of schizophrenia in urban compared to rural areas. Pattern not observed for all mental illnesses
  5. 5. London Mood Project City & Mental Health Characteristics of urban environments Individual factors https://sites.google.com/site/londonmoodapp/home
  6. 6. City Physical Social
  7. 7. Cities’ physical features & mental illness
  8. 8. The city as a social environment & mental health  Social support  Social isolation  Social capital (mutual trust, bonding & safety in neighbourhoods) = Stressor?  Spaces to facilitate  Community events  Social interaction/inclusion The city: physical & social place
  9. 9. Individuals characteristics Ethnicity Drug use Immigration status Interpretational style Gender Socio-economic status Employment Genetic vulnerability
  10. 10. London Mood Project https://sites.google.com/site/londonmoodapp/home
  11. 11. Summary  Higher rates of mental illnesses in urban rather than rural areas (but not for all disorders).  Both physical and social features of the environment are linked to mental health.  Particular individuals could be vulnerable to the detrimental effects of the city.  Remaining questions are concerned with  Mechanisms  Action
  12. 12.  Prosocial Place team  Neda Nobari-Nazari  Jamal Wallace  Megan Harrington  Amandeep Virk  Linda Walker  Tanya Frankel Acknowledgements RICHARD BENJAMIN TRUST Supporting Innovative Research https://sites.google.com/site/londonmoodapp/home
  13. 13. References  Guite, HF, Clark, C & Ackrill, G (2006). The impact of the physical and urban environment on mental well-being. Public Health, 120, 1117-1126.  Heinz, A, Deserno, L, & Reininghaus, U. (2013). Urbanicity, social adversity and psychosis. World Psychiatry, 12(3) 187-197

×