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Understanding the urban experience through mobile psychophysiological tools

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Panos Mavros, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, UCL at the Back to basics – human physiology, psychology & place-making dialogue.

#FeelGoodSpaces

Supported by ARCC Network, Feeling Good Foundation, Wellcome Trust, European Cultural Foundation

http://www.arcc-network.org.uk/health-wellbeing/feeling-good-in-public-spaces/human-physiology-psychology-place-making/

Published in: Environment
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Understanding the urban experience through mobile psychophysiological tools

  1. 1. Understanding the urban experience through mobile psychophysiological tools Panos Mavros @MavrosP urbancortex.org PhD Candidate Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, The Bartlett Supervisors: Prof. Andrew Hudson Smith, Dr Martin Zaltz Austwick
  2. 2. Census 2011: Travel to work on foot London’s last mile. Map Credits: datashine.org.uk
  3. 3. London’s last mile. Census 2011: Travel to work by public transport (rail, tube, etc) Map Credits: datashine.org.uk
  4. 4. TRAFFIC NOISE PM2.5 A lot of data about traffic and cars… Credtis: Google, DEFRA
  5. 5. But what about pedestrians?
  6. 6. Christian Nold, Emotional Cartography (2007)
  7. 7. Images of headset Understanding pedestrian mobility.
  8. 8. Images of headset Understanding pedestrian mobility.
  9. 9. Questionnaires, only go that far.
  10. 10. Continuous recording of mental states EEG:
  11. 11. mobile EEG Modified Emotiv, Stopczynski et al., 2014 EEG Headcap + 16 electrodes Signal Amplifier + Wireless (Bluetooth)
  12. 12. What is EEG? EEG can be analysed in frequency bands alpha, beta, gamma, delta, theta and other bands. Brain areas are differentially engaged / recruited during different processes and can be more or less active in the various frequency bands
  13. 13. What is EEG? Koelstra et al., (2012).Deap: A database for emotion analysis; using physiological signals, Affective Computing Arousal Valence Liking From signals, …to topographic maps,
  14. 14. Classifying brain states Harnessing the possibilities of commercial EEG Emotion Detection with Emotiv: • Excitement • Frustration • Engagement • Meditation 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1
  15. 15. How can we operationalise new technologies to inform design & planning?
  16. 16. Toolkits Protocols Interfaces Tools Devices Equipment What kinds of questions? Experiment Designs Communication Outputs Insights + +
  17. 17. Restorative Environments * Aspinall, Mavros, Coyne, Roe (2013) The urban brain: analysing outdoor physical activity with mobile EEG Paper http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2013/03/05/bjsports-2012-091877.abstract Video https://vimeo.com/89866818 see also: project Mood, Mobility and Place (EPSRC) which “… explores how places can be designed collaboratively to make pedestrian mobility easy, enjoyable and meaningful for older people.” https://sites.eca.ed.ac.uk/mmp/
  18. 18. Oxford Circus UCL Tottenham Court Road Urban Environments
  19. 19. Demo of experiment http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-29458586
  20. 20. Cities Unlocked A collaboration between Future Cities Catapult, Guide Dogs, Microsoft, UCL CASA, and more. www.citiesunlocked.org.uk Could mobile EEG be validated for this user group to help us map the experience of visually impaired people in the city? We asked 12 people to walk 2km /30 minutes in downtown Reading.
  21. 21. Reading Aerial View: Bing Maps Variety of urban environments - Busy & quieter streets - Pedestrianised high-street - Pedestrian open-space - Urban green Variety of urban intersections - 7 Controlled - 3 Non-controlled
  22. 22. Emotional states: Excitement/Arousal Variety of urban environments - Busy & quieter streets - Pedestrianised high-street - Pedestrian open-space - Urban green Variety of urban intersections - 7 Controlled - 3 Non-controlled
  23. 23. v Emotional states: Frustration
  24. 24. Emotional responses to: Urban sound & noise Kaisa Puustinen-Hopper (2015) Sound and the City: Ambient sound and emotions in the urban environment, MSc Dissertation, The Bartlett Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
  25. 25. What next? Understanding navigation
  26. 26. Understanding navigation 3D Aerial View: Apple Maps
  27. 27. Great Portland Street Station 200m — We are here, @WellcomeUnderstanding navigation
  28. 28. With mobile EEG and novel sensing tools, we can start to map the human experience of cities.
  29. 29. Thank you! Panos Mavros @MavrosP urbancortex.org

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