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National monitoring, reporting & evaluation of climate change adaptation in Europe

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Dr Eleni Karali, CMCC

Webinar: Monitoring & evaluation to enhance adaptation and reduce disaster risk

A PLACARD interchange webinar to examine some of the lessons learned from M&E emerging from CCA and DRR evaluation processes, and consider how we can ensure that learning can inform practice in both fields.

Published in: Environment
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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National monitoring, reporting & evaluation of climate change adaptation in Europe

  1. 1. National monitoring, reporting and evaluation of climate change adaptation in Europe ! ! Eleni Karali! (ETC/CCA-CMCC)! PLACARD Webinar: Monitoring and evaluation to enhance adaptation and reduce disaster risk | 30.01.17 !
  2. 2. European Topic Centres (ETCs) ! ETCs are centres of thematic expertise (consortia of European research institutes) contracted by the EEA to carry out specific tasks identified in the EEA multi-annual Work Programme and Annual Work Programmes. ! h"p://cca.eionet.europa.eu/
  3. 3. European Topic Centres (ETCs) ! ETCs are centres of thematic expertise (consortia of European research institutes) contracted by the EEA to carry out specific tasks identified in the EEA multi-annual Work Programme and Annual Work Programmes. ! h"p://cca.eionet.europa.eu/
  4. 4. Recent CCA scientific reports! EEA Report No 3/2013 - Adaptation in Europe! Information for policymakers to support adaptation planning and implementation.! EEA Report No 4/2014! National adaptation policy processes in European countries – 2014 - Comprehensive overview! EEA Technical report No 20/2015 - National monitoring, reporting and evaluation of climate change adaptation in Europe - New insights!
  5. 5. Where do European countries stand? (EEA, 2014)!
  6. 6. Where do European countries stand? (EEA, 2014)!
  7. 7. Executive summary 70°60°50° 40° 40° 30° 30° 20° 20° 10° 10° 0° 0°-10°-20°-30° 60° 50° 50° 40° 40° 0 500 1000 1500 km 14 European countries have or are currently developing a system for MRE of adaptation at national level European countries having or currently developing a system for MRE of adaptation at national level European countries not having a system for MRE of adaptation at national level Outside EEA33 coverage *) *) The 33 EEA member countries include the 28 European Union Member States together with Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. Figure ES1 14 European countries have or are currently developing a system for monitoring, reporting and/or evaluation of adaptation at national level (as of mid-October 2015) (*) Note: on the basis of a questionnaire; EEA, 2014) and update by member countries as of mid-October 2015. This map shows in green the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. MRE landscape in Europe (EEA, 2015)!
  8. 8. M&E in the CCA policy cycle! Source: http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/adaptation-support-tool
  9. 9. EEA Technical report No 20/2015 - MRE!
  10. 10. EEA Technical report No 20/2015 - MRE! Information sources! •  Climate-ADAPT country profiles! •  MMR Reports submitted under Art.15! •  Expert Workshop ! •  Direct contacts with countries! •  European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet) consultation! !
  11. 11. EEA Technical report No 20/2015 - MRE! Information sources! •  Climate-ADAPT country profiles! •  MMR Reports submitted under Art.15! •  Expert Workshop ! •  Direct contacts with countries! •  European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet) consultation! Content! •  Drivers and purposes! •  Governance! •  Methodologies! •  Policy-making! !
  12. 12. Why do countries develop MRE systems?!
  13. 13. •  Drivers! i.  National-level legal and administrative requirements;! ii.  European and international reporting requirements; and ! iii.  Occurrence of extreme weather events. ! ! ! Why do countries develop MRE systems?!
  14. 14. •  Drivers! i.  National-level legal and administrative requirements;! ii.  European and international reporting requirements; and ! iii.  Occurrence of extreme weather events. ! ! •  Purposes! i.  Tracking and reporting the progress and effectiveness of adaptation policy implementation; ! ii.  Enhancing knowledge base;! iii.  Learning to improve adaptation policies, policymaking and practices;! iv.  Increasing accountability.! Why do countries develop MRE systems?!
  15. 15. Methodological approaches used for MRE adaptation!
  16. 16. Methodological approaches used for MRE adaptation! •  National-level MRE systems benefit from being flexible and pragmatic; ! ! !
  17. 17. Methodological approaches used for MRE adaptation! •  National-level MRE systems benefit from being flexible and pragmatic; ! •  A mixed-methods approach to MRE, which combines multiple sources of information, provides a strong basis for assessing adaptation progress and performance;!
  18. 18. Methodological approaches used for MRE adaptation! •  National-level MRE systems benefit from being flexible and pragmatic; ! ! •  A mixed-methods approach to MRE, which combines multiple sources of information, provides a strong basis for assessing adaptation progress and performance;! ! •  Qualitative methods complement quantitative approaches and reveal critical contextual information that can help to explain the narrative behind the numbers;! !
  19. 19. Methodological approaches used for MRE adaptation! •  National-level MRE systems benefit from being flexible and pragmatic; ! ! •  A mixed-methods approach to MRE, which combines multiple sources of information, provides a strong basis for assessing adaptation progress and performance;! ! •  Qualitative methods complement quantitative approaches and reveal critical contextual information that can help to explain the narrative behind the numbers;! •  Indicators play a key role in national MRE systems.
  20. 20. Methodological approaches used for MRE adaptation! provides further details regarding indicator development for these countries, plus other countries for which information could be gathered in 2015. It highlights the prominent role that indicators play as countries develop MRE systems. Table 2.4 Indicator development within national-level MRE systems in Europe Country Austria An indicator system for monitoring and reporting on adaptation for 14 sectors, outlined in the Austrian Adaptation Strategy, has been developed. It includes 45 qualitative and quantitative indicators to monitor the processes, outputs or outcomes of adaptation interventions. Belgium The measures in the approved Flemish Adaptation plan (part of the Flemish Climate Plan 2013–2020) are evaluated annually in a progress report. A scale of progress is established for each measure. The future NAP will take a similar approach, with each action linked to qualitative or quantitative indicators. Other more specific plans have an in-built monitoring system in which weather events will trigger adaptation measures (e.g. the heat wave and ozone peak plan). Finland Evaluations of the NAS (2009, 2013) applied a five-step scale to indicate the level of adaptation in different monitoring and evaluation of the NAP 2022. France Annual monitoring of progress is undertaken for 19 areas and one cross-sectoral theme outlined in the NAP (2011–2015). For each area and theme, an action sheet outlines one to six actions, each comprising several components that must be undertaken in that area, totalling 84 actions and 230 measures. These actions can be broadly categorised as (1) production and dissemination of information, (2) adjustment of standards and regulations, (3) institutional adaptation and (4) direct investment (from OECD, 2015). Germany Indicator system for reporting on climate change impacts and adaptation areas outlined (in the NAS). 102 indicators: 97 for impacts and adaptation and 5 overarching indicators (e.g. awareness of the public, research funding, international funding, funding for municipalities). Ireland Ireland is in the process of developing adaptation indicators. Lithuania The planned MRE systems will be indicator-based and linked to NAP (3-year cycle). It will focus on six main sectors. Indicators are likely to be qualitative. Malta No information specifically available on indicators. Monitoring of the NAS (2012) is conducted through the screening of Malta's National Environment Policy (NEP) under the sections related to climate change. Netherlands In total, 41 adaptation indicators (qualitative + quantitative) are under development/consideration, but not all will necessarily be used in the end. Slovakia Slovakia is in the process of developing adaptation indicators. Spain Spain is in the process of developing an impact, vulnerability and adaptation indicator system. Switzerland Switzerland is not planning to develop any new indicators, but is planning to use existing data sets that provide information on adaptation and/or the development of climate-related risks or vulnerabilities. The status of indicators varies between sectors in the adaptation strategy (some are completed, some are in development, some have not started to determine indicators). United Kingdom As part of its statutory role to evaluate the progress of the National Adaptation Programme, the UK Committee on Climate Change (CCC) has developed a set of 33 indicators aligned to the themes and adaptation priorities identified in the NAP. These indicators are complemented by research and analysis undertaken by the ASC and presented in the evaluation report and previous non-statutory progress reports. Note: (*) Information gathered in discussion with experts and in consultation with countries. European countries have developed a range of different types of indicators to inform MRE of adaptation at national level. These indicators are often grouped into sets according to climate risk (e.g. in the United Kingdom, separate indicator sets were formulated for
  21. 21. Do MRE systems inform policy-making?! •  Limited experience of applying monitoring and evaluation results;! ! ! !
  22. 22. Do MRE systems inform policy-making?! •  Limited experience of applying monitoring and evaluation results;! •  Some evidence is available that monitoring and evaluation results inform the revisions of adaptation of strategies and plans. ! !
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention! ! ! ! ! ! http://etc-cca.eionet.europa.eu/! Eleni Karali! eleni.karali@cmcc.it!

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