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Biourbanism as a new epistemological perspective between science, design and nature

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Antonio Caperna, International Society of Biourbanism as part of the Back to basics – human physiology, psychology & place-making dialogue.

#FeelGoodSpaces

Supported by ARCC Network, Feeling Good Foundation, Wellcome Trust, European Cultural Foundation

http://www.arcc-network.org.uk/health-wellbeing/feeling-good-in-public-spaces/human-physiology-psychology-place-making/

Published in: Environment
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Biourbanism as a new epistemological perspective between science, design and nature

  1. 1. BACK TO BASICS: HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY AND PLACE-MAKING ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation. London, 18 November 2015 Back to basics: human physiology, h l d l kipsychology and place-making ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundationg Wednesday, 18 November 2015 215 Euston Road, London, United Kingdom BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE. Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org
  2. 2. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Biourbanism as a new epistemological perspective between science, design and nature Antonio Caperna, PhD antoniocaperna@gmail.com International Society of Biourbanism (Rome, Italy) School of Biourbanism and Design “The Universe is built on a plan the profound symmetry of which is somehow present in the inner structure of our intellect”p Paul Valery ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  3. 3. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org GOAL Show the existence of basic laws able toShow the existence of basic laws able to reconnect human beings to built environment in an essential manner withenvironment in an essential manner with positive and therapeutic consequences on h i l i l h i l i l d i lneurophysiological, physiological and social systems ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  4. 4. Human Physiology BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Human Physiology Nervous system, Circulatory system, Respiratory system, Senses and the Somatic Nervous System, Muscle, Cardiovascular system, Endocrine system… HealthHealth «a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity» (WHO) Place-making is an approach to the planning, design and management of public spaces. Goal - Create public spaces that promote people's health, well being and happiness Complexity “Nothing happens in isolation” (Barabasi) Self-Organization spontaneous formation of organized patterns, resulting from localized interactions within the components of the complex adaptive systems without any Biourbanism focuses on the urban organism, considering it as a hypercomplex interactions within the components of the complex adaptive systems without any central control ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015 g , g yp p system, according to its internal and external dynamics and their mutual interactions
  5. 5. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org U bUrban space as relational environment between “agents”between agents Le Corbusier, Plan Voisin de Paris (1925) Our sensorial experience in space is based on establish relation Contemporary’s architecture hasContemporary s architecture has been focussed on formal abstract design (as single object) erasing connection Roma 1748, detail of Nolli’s map ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  6. 6. Factors such as design geometry of forms and their subdivisions as BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Factors such as design, geometry of forms and their subdivisions, as design organizes elements, orientation of surfaces, materials and their differentiations on the smallest scale, generate an Urban space as i f i fi ldinformation field (Based on information theory, Salingaros, 1999) Its attribute are content and accessibility (how easily the information can be received by pedestrians)y p ) City as informational system ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015 City as informational system
  7. 7. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org What do kind of “information” we receive from built environment?environment? How people's sensory system react? Are there tools to restore / plan / design urban environment so to nourish our neurophysiological and psychological system and support sociality?support sociality? Are there constraints and barriers to incorporating this h i i f l ki ?research into current practices of place-making? What are the implications of this evidence on sustainability (health, climate, …)? ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  8. 8. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Anthropological transformation of citiesp g From “Civitas” / “Polis” / to Hyperreal environment Skycrapers above clouds source: missions haringknowledge.com Agoraphobia A film about urban change in Turkey – and ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015 possibly China http://www.uncubemagazine.com/blog/12232723
  9. 9. PASSIVE DESIGNBIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org  Life growth with physical BIO(?) DIGITAL  Life growth with physical and chemical constrains (like music)  Brick’s life interact through topological relationship, and the “form/shape” is the result of an unfoldingresult of an unfolding process  Life adapt itself to the environment accordingenvironment according to physical and chemical constrains  life is real ….. Virtual is hyperreal  Disconnection from surroundings ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  10. 10. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org HOW BUILT ENVIRONMENT AFFECT OUR HEALTH  Stress (Ulrich, 1993)  heart rate, blood pressure, relax muscle tension, increase alpha waves that associated with relaxation (Ulrich et al 1991)associated with relaxation. (Ulrich et al., 1991)  immune system functioning (Parsons, 1991)  anxiety, fear, anger, aggression and increased feelings of well begin are common responses to natural settings (Ulrich, 1979, Hartig, Mang, & Evans, 1991)  High rise multiple dwelling units are inimical to the psychological well being of High-rise, multiple dwelling units are inimical to the psychological well-being of mothers and possibly young children, facilitate social isolation (Evans GW, Wells NM, Moch A., 2003)  Lynne Mitchell, Elizabeth Burton (Street for life) Address the cognitive as well asg the physical and sensory needs of older people in the outdoor environment ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015 Source. http://www.periferiedelmondo.it/
  11. 11. How does Urban Planning / Environment affect health? BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org How does Urban Planning / Environment affect health? Source. WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Policy ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  12. 12. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org The WHO defines housing as being based on four interlinked levels, with an array of possible health effects in each:  the physical structure, including factors such as mould growth, quality, design, and noise exposure;  the meaning of "home" as a protective, safe and intimate the meaning of home as a protective, safe and intimate refuge where one develops a sense of identity and attachment;  the immediate housing environment including the quality the immediate housing environment, including the quality of urban design (e.g., public services, playgrounds, green space, parks, places to socialise); and  the community that is the quality of the neighbourhood and the community, that is, the quality of the neighbourhood and its relation to social cohesion, sense of trust and collective efficacy. ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  13. 13. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Other researches: role of natural environment  Inte action in nat al en i onments also inc ease p oblem sol ing Other researches: role of natural environment  Interaction in natural environments also increase problem solving, creativity, capacity to concentrate and focus (Ulrich, 1993, Katcher& Wilkins, 1993)  Kaplan suggest that exist a relationship between mental fatigue Kaplan suggest that exist a relationship between mental fatigue, aggressively and nearby nature (Kaplan, 2001)  Grant Hildebrand discusses ways in which archetypal form furnish us pleasurepleasure  Roger S. Ulrich. Vision of natural environment obtain positive feelings, reduce fear in stressed subjects, hold interest, and may block or reduce stressful thoughts;block or reduce stressful thoughts;  Howard Frumkin. Evidence support the hypothesis that contact with natural world - animals, plants, landscapes, and wilderness - may benefit health.  American biologist Edward O. Wilson in his work Biophilia (1984), which proposed that the tendency of humans to focus on and to affiliate with nature and other life-forms has, in part, a genetic basis. ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015 p g
  14. 14. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Other researches: role of natural lawsOther researches: role of natural laws Jackson Pollock abstract’s painting are fractal. 10 years of scientific investigation10 years of scientific investigation of human response to fractals – the investigations include eye tracking visual preference skintracking, visual preference, skin conductance, and EEG measurement techniques - shown the artistic implications of thethe artistic implications of the positive perceptual and physiological responses to fractal patternsp Perceptual and Physiological Responses to Jackson Pollock's Fractals (Richard P. Taylor, Branka Spehar, Paul Van Donkelaar, and Caroline M. Hagerhall) ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  15. 15. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org A and C are from patients with congestive heart failure.congestive heart failure. excessive regularity is associated D is from a subject with a cardiacj arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation uncorrelated randomness The healthy record is B It is notable for its visually apparent non-stationarity and “patchiness.” These features are related to fractal and nonlinear properties Ary L. Goldberger - Luis A. N. Amaral - Jeffrey M. Hausdorff - Plamen Ch. Ivanov - C. K. Peng - H. Eugene Stanley, «Fractals Dynamics in Physiology: Alterations with Disease and Aging», Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, February 19, 2002, vol. 99, suppl. 1, 2466-2474 ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  16. 16. O t 1 BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Outcome 1 neurophysiologic and psychological structure  respond to natural geometries of fractals, colors scaling symmetriescolors, scaling, symmetries  Relationship pathologies and departure from Relationship pathologies and departure from natural geometries  Human beings require contact with the geometry of biological structure  Social and mental health deteriorates in nature-less surroundingsnature less surroundings ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  17. 17. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org O t 2 L t i tifi d l t  give us an idea of how human beings interact with Outcome 2. Last scientific development  give us an idea of how human beings interact with their environment  organisms, buildings, neighborhoods, and cities share the same general rules governing a complex hierarchical systemhierarchical system  All matter (biological and inanimate) organizes itself i t h t t tinto coherent structures  The human mind has evolved in order to adapt to The human mind has evolved in order to adapt to complex patterns in the natural world, so the patterns we perceive around us influence our internal f ti h b ifunction as human beings ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  18. 18. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Biourbanism meaningBiourbanism meaning hit t l ( b ) d iarchitectural (urban) design can be founded on scientific principles that are analogous to structural laws in theoretical physics and biologytheoretical physics and biology ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  19. 19. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org BIOPHILIC DESIGN  create an environment usable by all people and that reflect the inherent human affinityand that reflect the inherent human affinity for nature nourish our biological, physiological andnourish our biological, physiological and psychological systems  respect the “genetic structure” of the site,respect the genetic structure of the site, create a coherent geometric whole (Caperna, 2011) ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  20. 20. BIOPHILIC DESIGN IN PRACTICE BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org BIOPHILIC DESIGN IN PRACTICE COGNITIVE Patterns 15 geometrical properties COGNITIVE CRITERIA NATURALISTIC DIMENSION properties interconnected STRUCTURAL CRITERIA Scaling lawScaling law Fractal syntax network ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  21. 21. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org • Contact with nature has been linked to cognitive functioningg g on tasks requiring concentration and memory. • Healthy childhood maturation and development has beenand development has been correlated with contact with natural features and settings.g • The human brain responds f ti ll t ttfunctionally to sensory patterns and cues emanating from the natural environmentnatural environment. BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  22. 22. NATURAL VIEWS REDUCE LENGTH OF HOSPITAL STAY AND BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org NATURAL VIEWS REDUCE LENGTH OF HOSPITAL STAY, AND … SAVE MONEY good solutions incorporate small ecosystems consisting of a rich combination of plants within a building, or in a building’s garden or courtyard. ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  23. 23. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org The influence of the soil on the microclimate may be greatly modified by vegetation. The effect of forests and trees on the microclimate is very complex. Cautiously positioned trees can save up to 50% of a household’s energy consumption for heating and cooling Urban ‘Heat Island’s effectUrban Heat Island s effect BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  24. 24. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org The most astonishing ventilation systems however have been developed byThe most astonishing ventilation systems, however, have been developed by various species of termites. BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  25. 25. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org BIOPHILIC DESIGN COGNITIVE CRITERIACOGNITIVE CRITERIA BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  26. 26. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Quality of life seems to be correlated with fifteen geometrical invariants thatgeometrical invariants that appear throughout the object’s configurationobject s configuration Invariants are:Invariants are:  linked to human senses  present in natural forms and man- present in natural forms and man made form and structure  Independent of culture, period, orp , p , region (something innate) BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  27. 27. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org biological scaling (allometry)(allometry) In biology, the change in organisms i l i i l h iin relation to proportional changes in body size It happen in fractal structure and this law are ubiquitous in nature. In “Scaling laws in cognitive sciences” scholars have demonstrate thatIn Scaling laws in cognitive sciences scholars have demonstrate that the scaling laws pervade neural, behavioral and linguistic activities suggesting the existence of processes or patterns that are repeated across scales of analysis BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it repeated across scales of analysis. “Scaling laws in cognitive sciences” (Kello, C. T., Brown, G. D. A., Ferrer-i-Cancho, R., Holden, G., Linkenkaer-Hansen, K., Rhodes, T. & Van Orden, G. C., 2010),
  28. 28. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  29. 29. BIOPHILIC DESIGN IN PRACTICE BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN FOR A LIVING CITY BIOPHILIC DESIGN IN PRACTICE COGNITIVE Patterns 15 geometrical properties COGNITIVE CRITERIA NATURALISTIC DIMENSION properties interconnected STRUCTURAL CRITERIA Scaling lawScaling law Fractal syntax network BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  30. 30. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org biological roots of architecture and urbanism self-evolution Law of form Constructal TheoryConstructal Theory systemic integrationsystemic integration morphogenetic processes ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  31. 31. BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Structural principles of the urban web suggested by results in mathematics The processes that generate the urban web can be summarized in terms of three principles. (1)Nodes The urban web is anchored at nodes of human activity whose interconnections make up the web. (2) Connections Pairwise connections form between complementary nodes, not like nodes. (3) Hierarchy BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  32. 32. Biology lessons BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org Biology lessons Toward Resilient City  These systems have an inter- connected network structure  They feature diversity and redundancy (a totally distinct notion of “efficiency”) Above an over-concentration of  They display a wide distribution of structures across scales, including fi i d l Above, an over-concentration of large-sale components; below, a more resilient distributed network of nodes. fine-grained scales  They have the capacity to self- adapt and “self organize ”adapt and self-organize. (Salingaros, Mehaffy, 2013)( g , y, ) BIOPHILIC ARCHITECTURE AND BIOPHILIC DESIGN ! Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@yahoo.it
  33. 33. NEXT STEPS BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org NEXT STEPS Network, Research, Education,Network, Research, Education, Publishing and Work on field ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015
  34. 34. References BIOURBANISM AS A NEW EPISTEMOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE BETWEEN SCIENCE, DESIGN AND NATURE Antonio Caperna PhD | antonio.caperna@biourbanism.org References Alexander, Christopher (2000) The Nature of Order (New York, Oxford University Press). (in press) Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., Silverstein, M., Jacobson, M., Fiksdahl-King, I. and Angel, S. (1977) A Pattern Language (New York, Oxford University Press).( , y ) Caperna A., Serafini S. (2013). Biourbanism as new epistemological perspective between Science, Design and Nature. In Handbook of research on Architecture & Sustainability: Critical Perspectives. “Generating sustainability concepts from an architectural perspective”, a book edited by Ahmed Zaib Khan Mahsud, KU Leuven - Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture, Urban Design & Planning (Belgium). (Forthcoming book) Caperna A., Tracada E. (2013). Biourbanism as Neuroergonomics in Design. International conference “Towards ag g Progressive Arts Education: Inclusion, Change and Intervention”. British Library, London, UK and the University of the Arts, London, UK, from 6th-8th November, 2013. Caperna A., Tracada E. (2013). "A New Paradigm for Deep Sustainability: Biourbanism”. In Application of Efficient & Renewable Energy Technologies in Low Cost Buildings and Construction Conference Proceedings, International Conference & Exhibition, 16-18 September 2013, Ankara-Turkey, (ISBN: 978-975-507-268-5). Caperna A.. (2013). Biophilic design and Public Spaces. In UN-Habitat Session on Quality of Public Spaces. Definitions and Measurement. Biennale Public Space, Rome 16/18 May, 2013. Caperna A., Serafini S. (2013). Biourbanism as new framework for smart cities study. In Handbook of research on “GIS for Smart Cities”, a book edited by Prof. T.M.Vinod Kumar, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, India. Copal Publishing. C A Gi d A Mi b lli P M l E (2013) P i i ICT (P i i D i d ICT) G iCaperna A., Giangrande A., Mirabelli P., Mortola E., (2013). Partecipazione e ICT (Participatory Design and ICT) Gangemi Editore ISBN13: 9788849225365; ISBN10: 8849225369; Ub.int: T206D S20c G38e Caperna A., Tracada E. (2012). “Biourbanism for a Healthy City: Biophilia and Sustainable Urban Theories and Practices”. In the Proceedings Vol.4: Biotechnology/Textile Technology/Fashion Technology of the International Convention on Innovations in Engineering and Technology for Sustainable Development, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Tamil N d I di (ISBN 978 81 920 460 4 4)Nadu, India,. (ISBN: 978-81-920-460-4-4). Salingaros N., (2006) A Theory of Architecture Salingaros N., PRINCIPLES OF URBAN STRUCTURE, Techne Press, S. Serafini, «L’architettura come salute psicobiologica quotidiana: morfogenesi e biofilia», Atti del I Convegno Internazionale su Psiche e Architettura, Roma-Siracusa, 2009-2010, Franco Angeli: Milano, in stampa. Edgar Morin La Méthode I: La Nature de la Nature Paris: Seuil 1977Edgar Morin, La Méthode I: La Nature de la Nature, Paris: Seuil, 1977. Nikos Salingaros, Twelve Lectures on Architecture. Algorithmic Sustainable Design, Solingen: Umbau Verlag, 2010. ARCC network and the Feeling Good Foundation | Back to basics: human physiology, psychology and place-making. London 18 November 2015

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