Saliva

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Oral Diagnosis I
Third Year

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Saliva

  1. 1. SalivaSaliva ByBy Amjad AlAteya 013 Ahmad AlSadiq 007Amjad AlAteya 013 Ahmad AlSadiq 007 Abdulaziz AlShamlan 011 Ajeebi Jagdami010Abdulaziz AlShamlan 011 Ajeebi Jagdami010 Abdulaziz AlGahtani008 Faisal AlSafran 012Abdulaziz AlGahtani008 Faisal AlSafran 012
  2. 2. OutlinesOutlines:: 11--DefinitionDefinition.. 22--ContenatContenat.. 33--FunctionFunction.. 44--Related Diseases And How to Deal WithRelated Diseases And How to Deal With itit.. 55--SummerySummery..
  3. 3. What is Saliva And What Does itWhat is Saliva And What Does it Consist ofConsist of?? --Saliva is a watery and usually frothy substanceSaliva is a watery and usually frothy substance produced in the mouths by the basic secretoryproduced in the mouths by the basic secretory units of salivary glands, which are a clusters ofunits of salivary glands, which are a clusters of cells calledcells called ACINIACINI.. --It consist ofIt consist of >Water as a major component(98%>Water as a major component(98%(.(. <<Electrolytes such as NA,KElectrolytes such as NA,K.. <<Antibacterial compounds such as IgAAntibacterial compounds such as IgA <<Various enzymes such as AmylazeVarious enzymes such as Amylaze <<mucus mainly consists ofmucus mainly consists of mucopolysaccharidesmucopolysaccharides .. andand glycoproteinsglycoproteins
  4. 4. What is The Importance of SalivaWhat is The Importance of Saliva?? Saliva poses many important activities including: 11--Antimicrobial activityAntimicrobial activity.. 22--Control of PHControl of PH.. 33--Cleaning oral cavity from food debrisCleaning oral cavity from food debris.. 44--lubrication of the oral cavitylubrication of the oral cavity.. 55--Maintaining the integrity of the oral mucosaMaintaining the integrity of the oral mucosa.. 66--ReminiralizatoinReminiralizatoin.. 88--Helps in the digestion of foodHelps in the digestion of food..
  5. 5. 9-Important of forming the food bolus.9-Important of forming the food bolus. 10-Solubilizes dry food.10-Solubilizes dry food. 11-Helps in speech.11-Helps in speech.
  6. 6. What are the Diseases Related toWhat are the Diseases Related to Saliva & What Could Cause ThemSaliva & What Could Cause Them?? --Saliva is secreted on an average of 700ml/daySaliva is secreted on an average of 700ml/day.. --Any considered decrease of the secretion of saliva mayAny considered decrease of the secretion of saliva may lead to mouth de hydration known aslead to mouth de hydration known as XEROSTOMIAXEROSTOMIA.. --XEROSTOMIA: is a dry mouth due to lack of salivaXEROSTOMIA: is a dry mouth due to lack of saliva..
  7. 7. What is the Etiology of XerostomiaWhat is the Etiology of Xerostomia?? Xerostomia could be caused by any of theXerostomia could be caused by any of the following reasonsfollowing reasons:: 11--Due to damage of salivary glandsDue to damage of salivary glands..
  8. 8. 22--MedicationsMedications ((anticholinergic affectanticholinergic affect)) such as diureticssuch as diuretics antidepressents .antidepressents . && sedativessedatives 33--Dehydration.Dehydration. 4-Diseases such as >uncontrolled diabetes4-Diseases such as >uncontrolled diabetes.. <<sjogren’s syndromesjogren’s syndrome.. <<eaton-lambert syndromeeaton-lambert syndrome.. 55--As a side effect for the usage of >alcoholAs a side effect for the usage of >alcohol <<marijuanamarijuana
  9. 9. What Does Xerostomai CauseWhat Does Xerostomai Cause?? 11--Diffeculty of speaking & swallowingDiffeculty of speaking & swallowing.. 22--Altered taste or diminished taste abilityAltered taste or diminished taste ability.. 33--Dry mucosaDry mucosa.. 44--Inflamed & fissured tongueInflamed & fissured tongue.. 55--Angular cheilitisAngular cheilitis.. ..66--Rampant caries and tooth erosionRampant caries and tooth erosion 77--Unilateral or bilateral glandular enlargementUnilateral or bilateral glandular enlargement..
  10. 10. TreatmentTreatment:: --There is no direct cure for Xerositoma,There is no direct cure for Xerositoma, Treatment involvesTreatment involves finding any correctable causes and fixing those iffinding any correctable causes and fixing those if possible. In many cases it is not possible to correct thepossible. In many cases it is not possible to correct the xerostomia itself, and treatment focuses on relieving thexerostomia itself, and treatment focuses on relieving the symptoms and preventing cavitiessymptoms and preventing cavities..
  11. 11. SummerySummery --Saliva has many important functions suchSaliva has many important functions such as Reminiralization & lubricatingas Reminiralization & lubricating.. --Reduced amount of secreted saliva leadsReduced amount of secreted saliva leads toto XerostomiaXerostomia.. --Xerostomia has no direct midication soXerostomia has no direct midication so preventative proceduers are takenpreventative proceduers are taken..
  12. 12. THANK YOUTHANK YOU

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