Aggressive Periodontitis

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Oral Diagnosis I
Third Year

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Aggressive Periodontitis

  1. 1. ‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بسم‬‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بسم‬
  2. 2. AggressiveAggressive periodontitiperiodontitiSS Done byDone by: saleh Al-faleh 251070003: saleh Al-faleh 251070003 Faisal Al-safran 251070012Faisal Al-safran 251070012 Amjd Al-attia 251070013Amjd Al-attia 251070013 Mohammad Al-jahani 251070017Mohammad Al-jahani 251070017 Ahmed Al-hwaj 251070022Ahmed Al-hwaj 251070022 Abdullah Al-senaidi 251070031Abdullah Al-senaidi 251070031
  3. 3.  PERIODONTALPERIODONTAL LIGAMENTLIGAMENT --The periodontal ligamentThe periodontal ligament is the connective tissueis the connective tissue that surrounds the rootthat surrounds the root connects it to the bone.connects it to the bone.
  4. 4. What is a Periodontal DiseaseWhat is a Periodontal Disease a serious infection that destroys the soft tissue anda serious infection that destroys the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth and that eventually maybone that support your teeth and that eventually may cause tooth losscause tooth loss --Periodontal Disease is Devided Into 2 CategoriesPeriodontal Disease is Devided Into 2 Categories:: 11--Chronic periodontitisChronic periodontitis.. 22--Aggressive periodontitisAggressive periodontitis..
  5. 5. Aggressive PeriodontitisAggressive Periodontitis Tends to have a familiarTends to have a familiar aggregation & there is aaggregation & there is a rapid rate of diseaserapid rate of disease progressionprogression
  6. 6. CausesCauses 11--Accumulation of plaqueAccumulation of plaque 22--SmokingSmoking 33--HeredityHeredity 44--DrugsDrugs 55--DiabetesDiabetes 66--Hormonal changesHormonal changes
  7. 7. 77--Nutritional deficienciesNutritional deficiencies 88--Microorganisms such asMicroorganisms such as actinomycetemcomitansactinomycetemcomitans and others such asand others such as gingivalis ,corrodens ,rectus ,nucleatumgingivalis ,corrodens ,rectus ,nucleatum ,capillus,capillus ,and,and capnocytophagacapnocytophaga..
  8. 8. CharacteristicsCharacteristics 11--Otherwis clinically healthy patientOtherwis clinically healthy patient 22--Rapid attachment loss and bone destructionRapid attachment loss and bone destruction 3-Amount of microbial deposits inconsistent3-Amount of microbial deposits inconsistent with disease severitywith disease severity 44--Familial aggregation of diseased individualsFamilial aggregation of diseased individuals
  9. 9. ClassificationClassification Aggressive periodontitis localized generalized
  10. 10. 11--Localized aggressiveLocalized aggressive periodontitis (LAP):periodontitis (LAP): it isit is charactericharacteri
  11. 11. Generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP):Generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP): isis differentiated from localized form by the extent ofdifferentiated from localized form by the extent of involvement of the permanent teeth,it is distinguishedinvolvement of the permanent teeth,it is distinguished byby:: 11--Usually affecting persons under 30 years of ageUsually affecting persons under 30 years of age (however, may be older(however, may be older(( 22--Generalized proximal attachment loss affecting at leastGeneralized proximal attachment loss affecting at least three teeth other than first molars and incisorsthree teeth other than first molars and incisors 33--Pronounced episodic nature of periodontal destructionPronounced episodic nature of periodontal destruction 44--Poor serum antibody response to infecting agentsPoor serum antibody response to infecting agents
  12. 12. Juvenile periodontitisJuvenile periodontitis Disease of theDisease of the periodontium occurringperiodontium occurring in an otherwise healthyin an otherwise healthy adolescent which isadolescent which is characterized by a rapidcharacterized by a rapid loss of alveolar boneloss of alveolar bone about more than oneabout more than one tooth of the permanenttooth of the permanent dentitiondentition
  13. 13. Papillon-lefever syndrom (PLSPapillon-lefever syndrom (PLS(( PLSPLS:: Is rare autosomal recessiveIs rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized bydisorder characterized by palmoplantar hyperkeratosispalmoplantar hyperkeratosis and early onset periodontitisand early onset periodontitis.. Both the primary and secondaryBoth the primary and secondary dentition can be affected .dentition can be affected . PLS is change by mutation inPLS is change by mutation in the cathepsin C gene ,locatedthe cathepsin C gene ,located on chromosome 11on chromosome 11..
  14. 14. Thank youThank you

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