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Global tobacco epidemic through the European lens

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Kristina Mauer-Stender

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Global tobacco epidemic through the European lens

  1. 1. Global tobacco epidemic through the European lens Kristina Mauer-Stender Program Manager
  2. 2. WHERE ARE WE COMING FROM?
  3. 3. WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control 180 Parties (179 countries and the EU)
  4. 4. Resolution WHA 49.17 International framework convention on tobacco control sponsored by Canada first mention in the WHA of a treaty Where it all began- May 1996- Introduction of the concept of the WHO FCTC
  5. 5. "We invite the Member States of WHO to initiate work on a Framework Convention – to take the first step in a process that the World Health Assembly has called for before." May 1998- Dr Bruntland, former Director General, at the World Health Assembly
  6. 6. October 2000- March 2003- Negotiations, negotiations, negotiations
  7. 7. Adoption by the World Health Assembly 21st May 2003- Adoption by the World Health Assembly- history is made!
  8. 8. 27 February 2005 Entry into Force
  9. 9. WHERE ARE WE IN 2016?
  10. 10. Photo credit: Kalyan Chakravarthy https://flic.kr/p/9jkkW5 Parties to FCTC 50
  11. 11. Photo credit: Kalyan Chakravarthy https://flic.kr/p/9jkkW5 Tax Smoke-free Cessation Advertising Pictorials 29 10 8 4 3
  12. 12. Photo credit: Kalyan Chakravarthy https://flic.kr/p/9jkkW5 Tobacco Users (%) 28
  13. 13. Name of presentation Date of presentation Current tobacco use in Europe No room for complacency WHO Region Male prevalence Female prevalence Both sexes EUR 38% 19% 28% WPR 47% 3% 25% EMR 38% 4% 22% AMR 26% 16% 20% SEAR 34% 4% 19% AFR 22% 7% 15% Global 36% 8% 22%
  14. 14. WHAT NEXT?
  15. 15. Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity A 10% relative reduction in prevalence of insufficient physical activity At least a 10% relative reduction in the harmful use of alcohol A 25% relative reduction in risk of premature mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory diseases An 80% availability of the affordable basic technologies and essential medicines A 30% relative reduction in prevalence of current tobacco use A 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt/sodium A 25% relative reduction in prevalence of raised blood pressure or contain the prevalence of raised blood pressure At least 50% of eligible people receive drug therapy and counselling to prevent heart attacks and strokes SDG targets for 2030 are aligned with the NCD targets for 2025
  16. 16. Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all people at all ages Commits governments to develop national responses: • Target 3.4: By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from NCDs • Target 3.a: Strengthen the implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Tobacco control in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  17. 17. Prevalence (%) of current tobacco smoking (15+) in Europe from 2000 with projections to 2025 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 Males Both Females
  18. 18. https://tobaccoplaybook.net/
  19. 19. https://tobaccoplaybook.net/
  20. 20. Thank You Questions to: mauerstenderk@who.int

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