Overall Cancer Incident


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UCSI University Pharmacy students executed their 9th Public Health Campaign in Mambau, Negeri Sembilan. Here are just some of the materials that was part of their exhibition.

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Overall Cancer Incident

  1. 1. Overall Cancer Incident [1] <ul><li>In 2006, 131 people per 100,000 population in Peninsular Malaysia were diagnosed with cancer and registered with the National Cancer Registry. </li></ul><ul><li>The 5 most common cancers among the population were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colorectal (colon) cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cervical cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasopharynx cancer </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Overall Cancer Incident [1] Among the population in Peninsular Malaysia: [1]
  3. 3. <ul><li>C hange in bowel or bladder habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diarrhoea or Constipation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urinary frequency & urgency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Sore that does not heal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small patches on the skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sore in the mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U nusual Bleeding or Discharge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood in Stool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood in Urine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-menopausal Bleeding </li></ul></ul>7 Warning Signs of Cancer!!! [2] Colon Cancer Bladder or Kidney Cancer Skin Cancer Oral Cancer Colon Cancer Bladder or Kidney Cancer Uterine Cancer
  4. 4. <ul><li>T hickening of Lumps in Breast or elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>I ndigestion or difficulty in swallowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer in digestive system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>O bvious Change in a Wart or Mole </li></ul><ul><li>N agging or Persistent Cough </li></ul><ul><li>or Hoarseness </li></ul>7 Warning Signs of Cancer!!! [2] Common Wart
  5. 5. Lung Cancer [1] <ul><li>There were 2048 cases of lung cancer in Peninsular Malaysia comprising 1445 males and 603 females in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Lung cancer is the second most common cancer among males and the third most common cancer among populations in Peninsular Malaysia. </li></ul>Statistics
  6. 6. Lung Cancer <ul><li>The single most major risk is </li></ul><ul><li>tobacco smoking, whether active </li></ul><ul><li>or passive. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive smokers are non-smokers who breath e tobacco smoke from a smoker. </li></ul>Picture courtesy of: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/9940.htm Risk factor : [3]
  7. 7. Lung Cancer <ul><li>Tobacco smoke contains numerous chemicals (carcinogens) which damage the lung cells and initiate changes leading to cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco smoke is </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for about </li></ul><ul><li>90% of lung cancer. </li></ul>Risk factor : [3]
  8. 8. Lung Cancer <ul><li>A cough that does not go away </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain, often made worse by deep breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Hoarseness of voice </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss and loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Bloody or rusty-coloured sputum </li></ul><ul><li>(spit or phlegm) </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>New onset of wheezing </li></ul>Symptoms : [3]
  9. 9. Lung Cancer <ul><li>The treatment for lung cancer includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical removal of the cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of the above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>treatments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surgical removal of the cancer tumour is recommended when the cancer has not spread beyond the lungs. </li></ul>Treatment : [4]
  10. 10. Lung Cancer <ul><li>Radiation Therapy is the curative therapy used to kill dividing cancer cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy refers to the administration of drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells by killing them or preventing them from dividing. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy is the preferred treatment when the tumours on diagnosis are found to be generally widespread in the body. </li></ul>Treatment : [4]
  11. 11. Lung Cancer <ul><li>Smoking cessation is the most important measure that prevents lung cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize exposure to passive smoking. </li></ul>Prevention : [4]
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Kementerian kesihatan Malaysia. Malaysia cancer statistics: data and figure Peninsular Malaysia 2006. [online]. 2006 [cited 2009 Dec 17]; [137 pages]. Available from: URL: http://www.moh.gov.my/opencms/export/sites/default/moh/report/Cancer/MalaysiaCancerStatistics_2006.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Milton Lum. Signs of lung cancer. Malaysian oncological society [online]. 2007 Feb [cited 2009 Dec 17]; Available from: URL: http://www.malaysiaoncology.org/article.php?aid=260&PHPSESSID=0c7a95ea4019e25abad25e7653e35f09 </li></ul><ul><li>Pamela J. Carter, Susan Lewsen. Lippincott’s textbook for nursing assistants: a humanistic approach to caregiving. Philadelphia (USA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2005. p. 743. </li></ul><ul><li>Melissa Conrad Stoppler, Jay W. Marks. MD. Lung cancer. MedicineNet.com. [online]. 2008 Feb [cited 2009 Dec 17]; [8 pages]. Available from: URL: http://www.medicinenet.com/lung_cancer/page8.htm </li></ul>