Overall Cancer Incident

4,938 views

Published on

UCSI University Pharmacy students executed their 9th Public Health Campaign in Mambau, Negeri Sembilan. Here are just some of the materials that was part of their exhibition.

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,938
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
35
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
76
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Overall Cancer Incident

  1. 1. Overall Cancer Incident [1] <ul><li>In 2006, 131 people per 100,000 population in Peninsular Malaysia were diagnosed with cancer and registered with the National Cancer Registry. </li></ul><ul><li>The 5 most common cancers among the population were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colorectal (colon) cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cervical cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasopharynx cancer </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Overall Cancer Incident [1] Among the population in Peninsular Malaysia: [1]
  3. 3. <ul><li>C hange in bowel or bladder habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diarrhoea or Constipation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urinary frequency & urgency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Sore that does not heal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small patches on the skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sore in the mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U nusual Bleeding or Discharge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood in Stool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood in Urine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-menopausal Bleeding </li></ul></ul>7 Warning Signs of Cancer!!! [2] Colon Cancer Bladder or Kidney Cancer Skin Cancer Oral Cancer Colon Cancer Bladder or Kidney Cancer Uterine Cancer
  4. 4. <ul><li>T hickening of Lumps in Breast or elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>I ndigestion or difficulty in swallowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer in digestive system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>O bvious Change in a Wart or Mole </li></ul><ul><li>N agging or Persistent Cough </li></ul><ul><li>or Hoarseness </li></ul>7 Warning Signs of Cancer!!! [2] Common Wart
  5. 5. Lung Cancer [1] <ul><li>There were 2048 cases of lung cancer in Peninsular Malaysia comprising 1445 males and 603 females in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Lung cancer is the second most common cancer among males and the third most common cancer among populations in Peninsular Malaysia. </li></ul>Statistics
  6. 6. Lung Cancer <ul><li>The single most major risk is </li></ul><ul><li>tobacco smoking, whether active </li></ul><ul><li>or passive. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive smokers are non-smokers who breath e tobacco smoke from a smoker. </li></ul>Picture courtesy of: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/9940.htm Risk factor : [3]
  7. 7. Lung Cancer <ul><li>Tobacco smoke contains numerous chemicals (carcinogens) which damage the lung cells and initiate changes leading to cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco smoke is </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for about </li></ul><ul><li>90% of lung cancer. </li></ul>Risk factor : [3]
  8. 8. Lung Cancer <ul><li>A cough that does not go away </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain, often made worse by deep breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Hoarseness of voice </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss and loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Bloody or rusty-coloured sputum </li></ul><ul><li>(spit or phlegm) </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>New onset of wheezing </li></ul>Symptoms : [3]
  9. 9. Lung Cancer <ul><li>The treatment for lung cancer includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical removal of the cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of the above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>treatments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surgical removal of the cancer tumour is recommended when the cancer has not spread beyond the lungs. </li></ul>Treatment : [4]
  10. 10. Lung Cancer <ul><li>Radiation Therapy is the curative therapy used to kill dividing cancer cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy refers to the administration of drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells by killing them or preventing them from dividing. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy is the preferred treatment when the tumours on diagnosis are found to be generally widespread in the body. </li></ul>Treatment : [4]
  11. 11. Lung Cancer <ul><li>Smoking cessation is the most important measure that prevents lung cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize exposure to passive smoking. </li></ul>Prevention : [4]
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Kementerian kesihatan Malaysia. Malaysia cancer statistics: data and figure Peninsular Malaysia 2006. [online]. 2006 [cited 2009 Dec 17]; [137 pages]. Available from: URL: http://www.moh.gov.my/opencms/export/sites/default/moh/report/Cancer/MalaysiaCancerStatistics_2006.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Milton Lum. Signs of lung cancer. Malaysian oncological society [online]. 2007 Feb [cited 2009 Dec 17]; Available from: URL: http://www.malaysiaoncology.org/article.php?aid=260&PHPSESSID=0c7a95ea4019e25abad25e7653e35f09 </li></ul><ul><li>Pamela J. Carter, Susan Lewsen. Lippincott’s textbook for nursing assistants: a humanistic approach to caregiving. Philadelphia (USA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2005. p. 743. </li></ul><ul><li>Melissa Conrad Stoppler, Jay W. Marks. MD. Lung cancer. MedicineNet.com. [online]. 2008 Feb [cited 2009 Dec 17]; [8 pages]. Available from: URL: http://www.medicinenet.com/lung_cancer/page8.htm </li></ul>

×