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Digital Face project presentation


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How are our physical faces increasingly transformed for situating in digital environments? How do people negotiate their face in social interaction?

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Digital Face project presentation

  1. 1. Minna Saariketo, PhD Researcher, Aalto University Tapio Takala, Professor, Aalto University Asko Lehmuskallio, Senior Researcher, University of Tampere DIGITAL FACE | @verlook Academy of Finland, Digital Humanities Programme UCL Centre for Digital Humanities, 4 October 2017
  2. 2. Faculty of Communication Sciences, University of Tampere Department of Computer Science, Aalto University Futurice Oy Janne Seppänen Annukka Jänkälä Risto Sarvas Jenny Julkunen
  3. 3. Research Objective • RQ1: How are our physical faces increasingly transformed into digital environments? • 1) The mediations of face • RQ2: How are these faces negotiated in social interaction? • 2) ’Face’ in terms of boundary regulation
  4. 4. Research Methods • Empirical case studies • Novel research methods • Software development • incl. ‘communication mirror’ (cf. privacy mirror) • Conceptual understanding of digital face • The mediations of face & ‘Face’ in terms of boundary regulation
  5. 5. 1. Mediations of face Coleccionando Camaras, 2002: NOKIA 7650. Nokia, Helsinki, Finlandia, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0, coleccionandocamaras/5592511807
  6. 6. Eastman Kodak Co., “The First Portrait Photograph”, published 1919. Duke EAA Digital Collection, Item ID K0327.
  7. 7. Screenshot of Jill Walker Rettberg, “How Snapchat Uses Your Face” 2016, watch?v=2XOd-rc7r98.
  8. 8. Negotiation of Gender Identity among Transgender Individuals in Online and Offline Settings | Jenny Julkunen Google Image Search results, ’Transgender’, 2017. 2. ‘Face’ in terms of boundary regulation
  9. 9. How do people experience and understand their everyday digital environments? 
 What meanings do people give to data collected on them in these environments? Mirroring digital traces | Minna Saariketo 2. ‘Face’ in terms of boundary regulation
  10. 10. Tracking Participants (n=15) track their ICT devices for 7 days and keep a media diary - trackers used e.g. App Usage, RealizD, RescueTime, Timing Interview 1) ICT devices in everyday life 2) Tracking as experience 3) Opinions on connectivity and data mining, hopes for change Reflecting results Discussing results with participants when analysis ready Research design 2. ‘Face’ in terms of boundary regulation
  11. 11. About the approach 2. ‘Face’ in terms of boundary regulation • Software that sinks into the background (e.g. Thrift & French 2002), code/space (Kitchin & Dodge 2011) • Experience of ubiquitous technology and code-based infrastructures • ”Mirroring” as a research intervention
  12. 12. ”One of my observations when using this app was that I use my smartphone more when my children are at home and when I’m with them. It is like reaching the top level in guilt. But I also realised and kind of decided during this tracking that I just refuse to feel guilty, that this is my way of being and living.” - Sara, priest, 36 2. ‘Face’ in terms of boundary regulation
  13. 13. • Seppänen, Janne & Juha Herkman. 2016. Aporetic Appratus. Epistemological Transformations of the Camera. Nordicom Review 37(2016):1, 1–13. • Seppänen, Janne. 2017. Unruly Representation. Materility, Indexicality and Agency of the Photographic Trace. Photographies 10(2017):1, 113–128. • Lehmuskallio, Asko. 2017. Notes on the thin line between the smile and the grimace. Membrana. Journal of Photography. • Saariketo, Minna (2017). Älylasit tutuksi. Mediateknisten laitteiden kotoistaminen uutisissa. Widerscreen 1–2(2017): • Lehmuskallio, Asko. 2017. Kuva-aktivismin visuaalista antropologiaa. In: Kupiainen, Jari & Häkkinen, Liisa (eds). Kuvatut kulttuurit. Johdatus visuaaliseen antropologiaan. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. (“A visual anthropology of image activism”, In: Depicted Cultures. An Introduction to Visual Anthropology) • Accepted (2): • Lehmuskallio, Asko; Häkkinen, Jukka & Seppänen, Janne. Photorealistic computer- generated images are difficult to distinguish from digital photographs: A case study with professional photographers and photo-editors. Visual Communication, peer-reviewed pre- print available at • Lehmuskallio, Asko. Dreams of ubiquitous camera use: Attachment suggestions in early Kodak advertisements. In: Handeln mit Bildern. Bildpraxen des Politischen in historischen und globalen Kulturen, Eds. Christiane Kruse and Birgit Mersmann. Fink Verlag. Publications
  14. 14. Welcome Feb 27 2018 seminar on ‘facial recognition’ in cooperation with the Sussex Humanities Lab, at the University of Sussex, UK.
  15. 15. Minna Saariketo, PhD Researcher, Aalto University Tapio Takala, Professor, Aalto University Asko Lehmuskallio, Senior Researcher, University of Tampere DIGITAL FACE | @verlook Thank you for your attention!