Defined by the Association of Collegeand Research Libraries: “Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to „recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.‟” 1 Source: http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetencyUsing the followingstandards, faculty, instructors, andlibrarians can make sure studentsare information literate.
STANDARD 1: PLAN The information literate student determines the nature and extent of the information needed.
STANDARD 2: FIND The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently.
STANDARD 3: EVALUATE The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.
STANDARD 4: CREATE The information literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.
STANDARD 5: LEGALITY The information literate student understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally.
“Information literacy forms the basis forlifelong learning. It is common to alldisciplines, to all learning environments, andto all levels of education. It enables learners tomaster content and extend theirinvestigations, become more self-directed, and assume greater control overtheir own learning.”