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Has Patel-Lunch & Learn Presentation December 4, 2015

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R&D Projects and Emerging Technology Due Diligence using NASA/DoD Technology & Manufacturing Readiness Levels (TRLs/MRLs)

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Has Patel-Lunch & Learn Presentation December 4, 2015

  1. 1. INFOLOGIC, INC. 1048 Irvine Avenue #624 Newport Beach, CA 92660 www.infologic.com NASA/DoD Technology & Manufacturing Readiness Levels (TRLs/MRLs) I N F O L O G I C The logical approach to harness innovation Presented by: Has Patel Infologic, Inc. has.patel@infologic.com (888) 325 0500 Ext. 100 R&D Projects and Emerging Technology Due Diligence Lunch & Learn December 4, 2015
  2. 2. 1 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Agenda • R&D and Technology Due Diligence : Overview and Issues • Due Diligence and Product Development Life Cycle • Introduce a Technology Due Diligence Model Due Diligence • Role of R&D and Technology Maturity in the Due Diligence Model • NASA/DoD TRLs/MRLs; • DoD TRL Calculator (Excel/Software) demo Maturity Analysis • Project - Startup/ Venture Teams • Corporate - Investors/Corporate Management Takeaway
  3. 3. 2 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Technology Due Diligence ? • What ? An assessment of the maturity, viability, and reliability of an R&D Project, IP, Patent, or Emerging Technology • Why ? • How ? Team or Expert/Peer Review Overview 1. Risk Assessment and Management, 2. Aid to Project Management, 3. General understanding of R&D/Technology status, and 4. Decision making with respect to funding or technology transfer
  4. 4. 3 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Issues & Challenges : R&D Projects and Technology Due Diligence • “Peer review is at the heart of the processes of not just medical journals but of all of science. It is the method by which grants are allocated, papers published, academics promoted, and Nobel prizes won. Yet it is hard to define. It has until recently been unstudied. And its defects are easier to identify than its attributes.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine : “Peer review: a flawed process at the heart of science and journals” •“A SIMPLE idea underpins science: “trust, but verify” …Modern scientists are doing too much trusting and not enough verifying—to the detriment of the whole of science, and of humanity.” The Economist : “ How Science Goes Wrong” •“Peer review, coupled with quantitative and qualitative metrics, is a critical part of an effective assessment of the R&D organization … “ The National Academies of Sciences : “Best Practices in Assessment of R&D Organizations“
  5. 5. 4 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Basic Research Applied Research Technology Development Technology Demonstration System Development Commercialize, Implement and Analyze A Solution – Hybrid Due Diligence Approach Expert/Peer Review with Analytical tools, covering all stages of the Product Life Cycle
  6. 6. 5 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Methodologies & Case Studies: Derived from Infologic R&D Published Papers & Presentations 1. “Manufacturing Innovation Model” – Manufacturing Day 2015 Presentation at the UCI Institute for Innovation, October 2015 2. “Successfully Transitioning R&D and Technologies to Commercial Products“ – Aerospace & Defense Forum, OC Chapter, November 2014 3. “Innovation Model for DoD S&T Program” – NDIA/U S Navy SPAWAR Executive Forum, May 2014 4. “The Creative Destruction of Defense S&T Program” - 14th NDIA Science and Engineering Technologies Conference, April 2013 5. “Reinventing Defense Innovation Ecosystem: S&T Program to Innovation Program” - 15th NDIA Systems Engineering Conference, 2012 6. “Competitive R&D Processes, Metrics and Practices” - Institute of Management Consultants, Technology SIG Meeting, Oct 2010 7. “S&T Portfolio and Performance Maturity” - 12th Annual National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) SE Conference, Oct 2009 8. “Open Innovation and Technology Maturity Analysis” - 2nd DOD Technology Maturity Conference, September 2007. 9. “Assessing Technology Readiness and Maturity” – A Step-by-Step Process” - Management Roundtable Seminar, March 2007. 10.“Technology Evaluation Cycles and Technology Maturity” - 1st DOD Technology Maturity Conference, May 2006. 11.“TechIP: A Methodology for the Emerging Technology Insertion and Integration” - 24th Army Science Conference, November 2004
  7. 7. 6 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. An Analytics-based R&D and Technology Due Diligence Model rManager sManager mManager eBusiness ServicesInnovation Cash Curve Customer Developer Programmatic Risk ICD AoA TRA/TRL Technology Hype Cycle TDS oiManager Developer Technology Risk Technology and Industrial Base Design Cost and Funding Materials Process Capability and Control Quality Management Manufacturing Workforce Facilities Manufacturing Management MRA/MRL * © Infologic, Inc. * Source : Department of Defense (DoD) MRL working Group
  8. 8. 7 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. TRA/TRL : Overview TRA (Technology Readiness Analysis) … • Systematic, Matrix-based Process which assesses the maturity of Critical Technology Elements (CTEs) • A Common maturity language and communication methodology; and does not guide or inhibit innovations • R&D and Technology planning tool • Developed by NASA, and now adopted by a range of U.S. Agencies, Industries, and Foreign Organizations (NATO, EU, UK, Canada) • Industry Sector – A&D, Energy, Biotech, Advanced Manufacturing TRL (Technology Readiness Levels) … • One of the TRA steps – Maturity Analysis TRA/TRL – Analytics-based Analysis • Psychometric System : Widely used in Imaging field to obtain scale values of image quality and attributes
  9. 9. 8 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Technology Readiness Analysis (TRA) : Steps Identify Critical Technology Elements (CTEs) Assess CTEs and Prepare Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) Prepare Report, Communicate and Update (as necessary)
  10. 10. 9 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Critical Technology Element (CTE) determination (Source : DoD TRA Desk book)
  11. 11. 10 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Technology Readiness Analysis (TRA) : Steps Identify Critical Technology Elements (CTEs) Assess CTEs and Prepare Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) Prepare Report, Communicate and Update (as necessary)
  12. 12. 11 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) (Source : NASA and DoD)
  13. 13. 12 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. TRL and Valley of Death ? Research Portfolio • Federal & Academic Labs • OEM Labs • IP-based small and emerging companies • Internation al R&D Technology Needs: Manufacturing Enterprises SUPPLY-side DEMAND-side TRL 1- 3 Research TRL 4- 7 Research Translation; Industrial Commons; (e.g. NNMI) TRL 8-9 Commercialization
  14. 14. 13 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. TRL and Product Development Life Cycles 1 TRL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 SBIR I II III DoD BasicResearch PLM Technology Development Technology Demonstration SystemDevelopment Commercialize, ImplementandAnalyze AppliedResearch
  15. 15. 14 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Developed by DoD; Used by NASA, Army, Navy, AF, DHS, DoE, Industry, Foreign Organizations Microsoft Excel Application (Public Domain; NO investment needed) Three Maturity Groups: Technology, Manufacturing, Programmatic Psychometric System : Widely used in Imaging field to obtain scale values of image quality and attributes TRA Calculator - Introduction
  16. 16. 15 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Decision Process: Visual Representation for Maturity Analysis You have not documented any task accomplishment at this TRL or above. You can justify a claim that your technology program has achieved this TRL. One or more tasks have been accomplished at this TRL or above, but there are enough tasks undone so that you cannot claim achievement of this TRL. You have accomplished many of the tasks required for this TRL, and you may be able to justify achievement of this TRL depending on which tasks are still undone.
  17. 17. 16 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Decision Process: Flowchart For each TRL Answer Questions Prior TRL N/A or Green? Yes No Repeat until TRL = 9 A A Enough for Green? No Yes Prior TRL N/A Green or Yellow? Yes Enough for Yellow? Yes No No One or more at this or higher TRL ? No Yes
  18. 18. 17 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Features : Technology and Readiness Types X Include Hardware Only Include Software Only Include Hardware and Software Use Three types of technology X Technology Readiness Level Manufacturing Readiness Level Programmatic Readiness Level X X Use Omit Use Omit Use Omit Three different technology maturity dimensions Technology itself – Usual meaning of TRL Manufacturing / Producibility – MRL Programmatic concerns – PRL H S B
  19. 19. 18 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Readiness Levels: Technology –v- Manufacturing –v- Programmatic •A common language & project management tool for (a) Assessing the maturity of a technology, and (b) Understanding technology transition risks •TRLs leave major transition questions unanswered: (a) Is the technology producible?, (b) cost parameters?, (c) Can these be made in a production environment?, and (d) Are key materials and components available? TRL • A communication and assessment tool of a program’s readiness to manufacture and produce its intended design • Results for NOT conducting MRL - Cost more, Are prone to quality problems, Experience schedule delays, May not perform the same, Are less reliable in service MRL •Documentation •Customer Focus parametersPRL
  20. 20. 19 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Example : TRL2 Questions
  21. 21. 20 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Results 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 If Green and Yellow are at the same level, only the Green result shows. TRL 2 Yellow Level Achieved TRL 3 PRL 2 Summary of the Technology's Readiness to Transition Overall TRL is an aggregate TRL that includes contributions from each one of the three readiness level elements you have checked above. Date TRL Calculated: 18-Mar-05 2Overall TRL Achieved 1 Program Manager: Bill NolteProgram Name: Fictional 1 Early Development Green Level Achieved PRL 1MRL 3
  22. 22. 21 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Calculator: Test Drive DoD TRL Calculator
  23. 23. 22 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Technology Readiness Analysis (TRA) : Steps Identify Critical Technology Elements (CTEs) Assess CTEs and Prepare Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) Prepare Report, Communicate and Update (as necessary)
  24. 24. 23 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Introduction Program Overview (20 %) Objective, Program Description, System Description Technology Readiness Assessment (80 %) Process Description, Critical Technologies (CTEs), Assessment of individual CTE maturity, Summary of TRLs Conclusions Suggested Format : TRA Management Report
  25. 25. 24 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Innovation ? What Exactly is Innovation, Anyway? “ …New technologies, products, processes, and business models can drive economic growth, job creation, and increases in productivity. These innovations flow not only from the development of new technologies (e.g. cloud computing, the integration of IT with objects in the physical world through the “Internet of Things,” predictive data analytics, advanced materials, energy storage, life-saving drugs), but also from novel applications of these technologies and new business models that create economic and societal value…. “
  26. 26. 25 Copyright © 2009 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Infologic Methodology : iModel™ (Innovation Management Model) Voice of the Stakeholders Integration VALUE Radical Innovation Evolutionary Innovation INCREMENTAL DEVELOPMENT PRODUCT MODEL SPIRAL DEVELOPMENT Voice of the User Methodologies & Tools M A T U R I T Y VALUE Radical Innovation Evolutionary Innovation CMMI STAGES PROCESS MODEL M A T U R I T Y Voice of the Knowledge Worker Lean Culture VALUE Radical Innovation Evolutionary Innovation Enterprise Performance Management (EPM) EXECUTION MODEL A N A L Y T I C S A N A L Y T I C S © Infologic, Inc. This model incorporates the broader Innovation definition adopted in the document “ A Strategy for American Innovation”
  27. 27. 26 Copyright © 2009 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Innovation Maturity Analysis (incorporates iModel™ and CMMI™) LEVEL 1: Initial Poorly performed; Reactive LEVEL 0: Incomplete Not performed; Partially performed LEVEL 2: Managed Characterized as a Project & Reactive LEVEL 3: Defined Proactive; Organization wide LEVEL 4: Quantitatively Managed Measured & Controlled LEVEL 5: Optimizing Focus on Process Improvement Innovation not on the radar screen; No strong awareness of Innovation opportunities Innovation opportunities recognized; Localized inconsistent Innovation experience Approaches to Innovation recognized; Applied to Key projects; Usage consistency and collaboration among projects. A form of Innovation management model implemented; Product, Process and Execution efforts are coordinated Innovation Management model supported by consistent processes across the organization; Executive Management support; Matrices used. Full Innovation Management model is implemented; Innovation Management is part of organization strategies; Creating and managing IP is key component of all key initiatives. “if you can’t Measure; you can’t Manage” - Dr. Peter Drucker iModel™ CMMI™© Infologic, Inc.
  28. 28. 27 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Takeaway – Startup & Venture Projects • Business Plan • IP Management/Patenting • Activity/Resource Planning • Creditability Planning • Project Activities • Risk Avoidance (did you forget any TRA steps?) • Project Progress and Status Project & Risk Management • Management • Team • Sponsors (Grant, Venture Companies, Advisors) Communication
  29. 29. 28 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. Takeaway – Corporate Investors/Corporate Management • Review available Due Diligence Processes (e.g.: TechIP), & incorporate in the company’s Risk Management initiatives. • Conduct TRLs for selected R&D project(s) using the TRL Calculator. • CMMI™-based Innovation Maturity Analysis (start) Short Term (0-2 yrs.) • Adopt other planning tools (e.g. Technology Hype Cycle, Innovation Cash curve) • Conduct Manufacturing Readiness Levels (MRLs) by adopting the DoD practices • CMMI™-based Innovation Maturity Analysis (proactive) Medium Term (3-4 yrs.) • Adopt a broader Innovation Model (Product, Service, Process & Execution) • Implement a CMMI-based Innovation Maturity Model, and regularly update • CMMI™-based Innovation Maturity Analysis (holy grail!) Long Term (5+yrs.)
  30. 30. 29 Copyright © 2007 INFOLOGIC Inc. All rights reserved. “Innovation doesn’t just happen because it is directed or discussed or considered to be an imperative; innovation happens because organizations commit to the disciplines, practices, culture and processes that support and sustain innovation” – Gartner Group EXECUTION (based on Innovation models and Analytics) is a Rocket Science! Call to Action: Don’t just embrace Innovation, but excel in EXECUTION, and incorporate Innovation models and Analytics in decision making ! Conclusion & Call to Action
  31. 31. INFOLOGIC, INC. 1048 Irvine Avenue #624 Newport Beach, CA 92660 www.infologic.com NASA/DoD Technology & Manufacturing Readiness Levels (TRLs/MRLs) I N F O L O G I C The logical approach to harness innovation Questions & Comments? Has Patel Infologic, Inc. has.patel@infologic.com (888) 325 0500 Ext. 100 R&D Projects and Emerging Technology Due Diligence Lunch & Learn December 4, 2015

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