Web workshop


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Web workshop

  1. 1. Workshop: Finding reliable information for your assignments using web resources
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. Introduction/background </li></ul><ul><li>2. How can you improve your search? </li></ul><ul><li>5 Tips: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tip 1: use advanced search </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tip 2: use Google Scholar/Books </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tip 3: use other search engines </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tip 4: use gateways, portals, catalogues </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tip 5: always evaluate your information sources </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. A word on Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>4. Final word </li></ul>Topics
  3. 3. Background . <ul><li>Web: 160 million websites? 40 billion pages? </li></ul><ul><li>Indexed Web contains at least 14 billion pages </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can publish: quality control? </li></ul><ul><li>Google: uses ‘Pagerank’ : index/database of web pages, Google compiles from sites found by it’s spider programs. They send full text of sites to the Google index. Pagerank retrieves results based on word occurrence, proximity, location on page, links to the page, traffic etc. about 100-200 ‘ingredients’. For the most part a keyword search . See here for more </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: finding relevant scholarly material (also: doesn’t search the ‘deep web’). Quality and Quantity </li></ul>
  4. 4. 5 Tips <ul><li>Use ‘advanced search’ on Google and other search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Use Google Scholar and Google Books </li></ul><ul><li>Try other search engines – not just Google </li></ul><ul><li>4. Don’t always use search engines , go straight to good portals and sites that are suitable for your topic N.B. UCC Library </li></ul><ul><li>5. Always evaluate your findings for quality </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tip 1. Use Advanced Search <ul><li>Won’t guarantee that you find quality web sites, but may help you to control the sheer quantity of results. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: You have an essay to write on the role that religion plays in the lives of Irish people who have emigrated : </li></ul><ul><li>Things to consider: word order, choice of words, ‘stop words’, domain search, operators, phrase search </li></ul><ul><li>See: www.googleguide.com </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tip 2. Use Google Books & Google Scholar <ul><li>Google Scholar: searches web for scholarly books & journals only. See: http:// scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/about.html </li></ul><ul><li>an academic/scholarly journal is ‘peer-reviewed’: p apers are written by researchers & reviewed by other experts - papers accepted/rejected based on their contribution to the subject area. Should be no bias. Magazines are not peer-reviewed – articles written by journalists </li></ul><ul><li>on campus more likely to gain access to the full text - off-campus you should ensure that you log in to your Library account first. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tip 2. (contd.) <ul><li>Further tools to enhance your web searches: </li></ul><ul><li>Google mobile , Blog search , Translate , </li></ul><ul><li>Language Tools , Maps , etc. </li></ul><ul><li>See also: Microsoft Academic Search as an alternative to Google Scholar </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tip 3. Use O ther Search Engines <ul><li>Don’t use same search engine for everything - try others (examples below). See also: http ://www.weitzenegger.de/en/deepweb.html </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Exalead , Ask Jeeves , Yahoo , Bing , Kartoo , Scirus , Scitopia , Microsoft Academic Search etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic search: Hakia , Kngine context in which the words are being used </li></ul><ul><li>Metasearch: e.g. Zuula , Metacrawler , Yippy , Search.com , Dogpile , use several search engines simultaneously </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tip 3. (contd.) <ul><li>The ‘Deep Web’ not accessible using a general search engine e.g. material within databases Infomine , Complete Planet </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Search : Google Custom search , Rollyo create your own search engines using the sites you know and trust </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tip 4. Don’t Always Use Search Engines <ul><li>Save yourself a lot of time by going straight to the websites that are likely to be the most useful for your needs. Gateways and portals can help: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: PINAKES ,  Internet Public Library , WWW Virtual Library , Infomine , Digital Librarian , Worldcat , DMOZ, INTUTE , Europeana , BUBL ,   DHO Discovery (Gateway to Irish digital collections), Academicinfo.net ,   Voice of the Shuttle   </li></ul><ul><li>See the Library’s Subject Portals </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tip 4. (contd.) <ul><li>See also: Internet Archive , British Library , Hathi Trust Digital Library , DRAPier , Library of Congress (U.S.): digital collections , RIAN (access to Irish open access research), OAIster (access to open access research worldwide), iTunesU </li></ul><ul><li>Search catalogues from other Libraries: </li></ul><ul><li>COPAC ,  British Library ,  Library of Congress ,  The European Library ,  Worldcat , World Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>See the Selected Web Links: General Multimedia </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tip 5. Evaluate your Information Sources <ul><li>Scholarly: aimed at those working within a field of study, disseminate research, scholarly methods are used, valid and trustworthy. These resources tend to be factual, methodical, scientific, based on clearly referenced sources and documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Popular: aimed at wider public/mass audience, to entertain, inform, promote viewpoints, sell products and services. These resources tend to be subjective, journalistic, based on personal accounts/impressions and opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for clues based on the 12-point list </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Learn how to…evaluate information for your assignments ’ </li></ul><ul><li>See also ‘Internet Detective </li></ul>
  13. 13. A Word on Wikipedia <ul><li>‘ Wiki’: can be edited by anyone with permissions; Wikipedia is completely open, ANYONE can edit ANYTHING (within reason). Can’t rely on this information - you should not reference in assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>But… can be useful for ‘getting your head around’ something i.e. background information, understanding a word/concept and for finding relevant keywords for your search  </li></ul><ul><li>See: Researching with Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>We recommend that you use Library reference resources listed here </li></ul>
  14. 14. Final Word: <ul><li>When looking for information for assignments you should use the Library’s resources (print and e-resource). However if you are using the (free) web you should use it smartly , taking into account the tips that we have seen. This should save you time and hassle, and hopefully enable you to produce high quality assignments (and get better marks!). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Slides <ul><li>www.slideshare.net/UCCLibrary/web-workshop </li></ul>