TechnicalInnovationof the Day<br />Dipl.-Ing. Dennis Sasse<br />
Gaze-based Interaction<br />
Core Questions<br />What is gaze-based interaction?<br />Relevance of gaze-based interaction?<br />What are potential appl...
What is gaze-based interaction?<br />brief introduction to eye-tracking<br />
Gaze-based Interaction<br /><ul><li>Interaction simply by looking at the screen
Eye movement replaces mouse movement
Can be combined with traditional interaction</li></li></ul><li>Eye-Tracking<br /><ul><li>Reflecting invisible infrared lig...
Recording reflection pattern with sensor system
Calculating exact point of gaze</li></li></ul><li>Relevance of gaze-based interaction?<br />motivation and expectations<br />
Advantages of Gaze-based Interaction*<br /><ul><li>Gaze jumps directly to points of interest
Gaze preludes manual selection with mouse or keyboard
Requires no physical movement or hand-eye coordination</li></ul>*in a graphical operating system<br />
Broad Target Audience<br />Gaze-based interaction is beneficial to:<br /><ul><li>People with disabilities
Users requiring both hands for their tasks
Anybody open to innovative interaction</li></li></ul><li>Advances in Eye-Tracking Technology<br /><ul><li>Increasing accur...
Time to react now!<br />
What are potential applications?<br />applications and opportunities<br />
Mouse Replacement<br />Application Example 1<br /><ul><li>Gaze replaces mouse as poiting device
Speech recognition for command input
Use of keywords for confirmation</li></ul>	select this, click that, scroll up, zoom in<br />
Additional User Information trough Eye-Tracking<br /><ul><li>Head position and distance to screen</li></ul>might indicate ...
Smart Magnifier<br />Application Example 2<br /><ul><li>Detect screen area of user interest
Automatically magnify area of interest
Zoom correlates with user distance to screen</li></ul>alternatively triggered by speech command<br />
Smart Magnifier<br />Application Example 2<br />Auto-detect screen area of user interest<br />
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Technical Innovation of the Day

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Introducing gaze based interaction in graphical operating systems as technical innovation of the day.

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Technical Innovation of the Day

  1. 1. TechnicalInnovationof the Day<br />Dipl.-Ing. Dennis Sasse<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Gaze-based Interaction<br />
  4. 4. Core Questions<br />What is gaze-based interaction?<br />Relevance of gaze-based interaction?<br />What are potential applications?<br />
  5. 5. What is gaze-based interaction?<br />brief introduction to eye-tracking<br />
  6. 6. Gaze-based Interaction<br /><ul><li>Interaction simply by looking at the screen
  7. 7. Eye movement replaces mouse movement
  8. 8. Can be combined with traditional interaction</li></li></ul><li>Eye-Tracking<br /><ul><li>Reflecting invisible infrared light onto an eye
  9. 9. Recording reflection pattern with sensor system
  10. 10. Calculating exact point of gaze</li></li></ul><li>Relevance of gaze-based interaction?<br />motivation and expectations<br />
  11. 11. Advantages of Gaze-based Interaction*<br /><ul><li>Gaze jumps directly to points of interest
  12. 12. Gaze preludes manual selection with mouse or keyboard
  13. 13. Requires no physical movement or hand-eye coordination</li></ul>*in a graphical operating system<br />
  14. 14. Broad Target Audience<br />Gaze-based interaction is beneficial to:<br /><ul><li>People with disabilities
  15. 15. Users requiring both hands for their tasks
  16. 16. Anybody open to innovative interaction</li></li></ul><li>Advances in Eye-Tracking Technology<br /><ul><li>Increasing accuracy and error resistance</li></ul>tolerance to head movement and glasses<br /><ul><li>Increasing ease of use</li></ul>easy setup and calibration<br /><ul><li>Decreasing costs for hardware</li></ul> mass market compatible<br />
  17. 17. Time to react now!<br />
  18. 18. What are potential applications?<br />applications and opportunities<br />
  19. 19. Mouse Replacement<br />Application Example 1<br /><ul><li>Gaze replaces mouse as poiting device
  20. 20. Speech recognition for command input
  21. 21. Use of keywords for confirmation</li></ul> select this, click that, scroll up, zoom in<br />
  22. 22. Additional User Information trough Eye-Tracking<br /><ul><li>Head position and distance to screen</li></ul>might indicate attention<br /><ul><li>Blink rate and fixation times </li></ul>relates to concentration and cognitive workload<br /><ul><li>Pupil diameter </li></ul>can indicate excitement<br />
  23. 23. Smart Magnifier<br />Application Example 2<br /><ul><li>Detect screen area of user interest
  24. 24. Automatically magnify area of interest
  25. 25. Zoom correlates with user distance to screen</li></ul>alternatively triggered by speech command<br />
  26. 26. Smart Magnifier<br />Application Example 2<br />Auto-detect screen area of user interest<br />
  27. 27. Smart Magnifier<br />Application Example 2<br />Magnify screen area depending on user distance to screen<br />
  28. 28. Application Example 3<br />Smart Media Player<br /><ul><li>Determine user attention via gaze-data
  29. 29. Pause movie playback when focus is lost
  30. 30. Resume playback when user is watching </li></li></ul><li>Application Example 3<br />Smart Media Player<br />
  31. 31. Application Example 3<br />Smart Media Player<br />II<br />Pause video playback when user is not watching<br />
  32. 32. Application Example 3<br />Smart Media Player<br />Automatically resume playback when user is watching<br />
  33. 33. Seize the Opportunity!<br />in conclusion<br />
  34. 34. Summary<br /><ul><li>Eye-Trackers grow sophisticated and affordable
  35. 35. Gaze-based interaction offers many opportunities for innovative user interfaces
  36. 36. Windows could be the first OS to feature gaze-based interaction </li></ul>reinforcing its position as innovative OS<br />
  37. 37. Thank you!<br />images taken from stock.xchng<br />
  38. 38. Questions?<br />

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