Pre-colonial Remained in power until the 19th century11th century A.D. 17th century •Mossi entered region 11th to the 13th century as warrior group
Colonial Period World 1870 1896 1899 1919 1932 War IEuropean arrival Mossi Upper Upper Volta defeated by Volta now became Upper Volta’s French military separate territory zone colony divided •Germa n •Niger •British •Mali •French •Cote d’ Ivoire
The historian recalls the day Senegal gained its independence and the hopes people held for its future.“At school we were not allowed to speak our own national languages. We had whatthey call a symbol; it was a small piece of wood on which they would draw a donkeywith big ears.In the classroom if you would speak your national language you would be given thissymbol, that piece of wood and it would go around and when we came back, themaster would ask who has the symbol, of course you had to say you had the symboland they would beat you.The donkey means in fact that if you speak your language you speak the languageof a donkey. So it was a way really to despise the national language.We were not taught about African history. The part of the African history that wastaught was saying that the African leaders, that were regarded as national heroesby the people, were barbarians, they were dictators, they were people who used tokill their own people. They were considered as barbarians by the French textbook.In the meantime they would teach us that the ancestors of the French were ourancestors, we were taught to say that, which was totally ridiculous." The historianrecalls the day Senegal gained its independence and the hopes people held for itsfuture. - Abdullah Bathily
First President: Maurice Yameogo Upper Volta gained independence from France on 8/5/1960INDEPENDENCE •RDA dominate political force •Opposition parties banned
First Republic: •Tight restrictions on government spending •Re-imposed Yameogo’s political ban but promised to restore civilian government in 4 yrs. Second Republic: •Provided him presidency for 4 yrs. •Allowed military to participate in political institutions .Major Lamazinatook over on Third Republic:January 4,1966 Limited the number ofwith military political parties in theaccompaniment national elections that followed.
TO:FROM: Burkina Faso Upper Volta “ Land of the Upright Men”
Capt. Blaise Compaorecame to power in 1978“He pledged to pursue thegoals of the revolution butto “rectify” Sankura’s“deviations” from theoriginal aims. Compaorereversed most of Sankaraspolicies and combined theleftist party he headed withmore centrist parties afterthe 1989 arrest andexecution of two colonelswho had supportedCompaore and governedwith him up to that point.”
Timeline: 1998 - Compaore wins presidential election by a landslide. 1999 June - General strike over economic grievances and alleged human rights violations. 1999 August - State-owned mining company Soremib announces the closure of the countrys biggest gold mine. 2000 December - Government agrees to set up UN-run body to monitor weapons imports after allegations that it has been involved in smuggling arms to rebels in Sierra Leone and Angola. 2004 April - Military tribunal tries 13 people accused of plotting coup against President Compaore in October 2003. Army captain Luther Ouali jailed for 10 years for masterminding plot. 2005 November - President Compaore wins a third straight term in office. 2006 December - Burkina Faso postpones a regional economic summit after deadly gun battles between police and soldiers in the capital. 2007 May - The ruling party wins a majority in parliamentary polls. 2008 April - Two-day general strike follows weeks of protests about high living costs and call for wage increases. 2009 April - Parliament passes a law requiring at least 30% of candidates put forward for election by political parties to be women. 2010 July - France, US issue travel warnings, citing the possibility of kidnappings by al-Qaeda operatives. 2010 November - Gold mine officially opened. Premier Tertius Zongo says it will earn substantial revenue for the country. Presidential elections. President Compaore gains another term in office. 2011 March - Weeks of violent protests follow the death of a student in police custody. 2011 April - Soldiers, presidential guards mutiny over unpaid allowances. Thousands of people protest over food prices. 2011 July - Seven people are killed when government forces suppress mutiny in Burkina Fasos second city, Bobo Dioulasso. 2012 January - President Compaore sacks head of Burkina Fasos customs service, Ousmane Guiro, following the seizure of nearly $4m in two large suitcases traced by police to Mr Guiro.Timeline provided by http://www.bbc.co.uk
military dictatorships“Growth in 2010 was thus led more by consumption than investment. This led to an increase in imports, particularly petroleum products, the effect of which was largely offset by a strong rise in exports, particularly gold. The current account deficit was thus partially absorbed in 2010 to around 2.7% of GDP. “ “Protests are growing against the ruling party and recent upheavals involving the army are tell-tale signs of what may come.” and faltering economies Burkina is attempting to improve the economy by developing its mineral resources (mostly gold) improving its infrastructure, making its agricultural and livestock more productive and competitive, and stabilizing the supplies and prices of food grains.
EnvironmentThe major environmental problems facingBurkina Faso are recurrent drought and theadvance of the northern desert into thesavanna. This trend toward desertificationhas been increased by overgrazing ofpasture, slash-and-burn agriculture, andovercutting of wood for fuel.
Water availability 1,084 cubic meters •water contact disease: schistosomiasis •food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever