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Foreign Takeovers of National Industries:
Monsanto Company
By: Tyler James & Tony Mingrone
Monsanto’s History
1901
1920s
1930s
1940s
2002
Previous Controversial Products
● DDT
● PCBs
● Agent Orange
● rGBH
Monsanto Today
● 20,000+ employees
● Facilities in 67 countries
● Agricultural products
● 15 seed brand varieties
● 16 wee...
Monsanto Today
Monsanto’s Mission
“Sustainable agriculture is at the core of Monsanto. We are committed
to developing the technologies th...
Does Monsanto achieve their mission
of creating sustainable agricultural
solutions?
Genetically Modified Organisms
● DNA is artificially manipulated
● Corn - 88%
● Canola - 90%
● Cotton - 90%
● Soy - 94%
GMO Health Risks
● Potential allergenic food transfers
● Creation of new allergen
● Antibiotic resistance
● Possible links...
What if all the “what ifs” are true?
How would we stop the products that
have flooded global markets?
GMO Market
● ⅔ of global market for seeds
● ¾ of agro-chemical market
● 100% of GMO seed market
Golden Rice
● Produces beta-
carotene (vitamin A)
● Licensed royalty-free
to Southeast Asia
Golden Rice- Economics
● Regional reliance on Golden Rice +
Monsanto
● Macro implications: disruption of existing
rice mar...
Golden Rice- Environment
● Increased incidence of weeds
● Transgene intrusion on surrounding plants
● Insufficient testing...
Golden Rice- Health + Government
● Beta-carotene levels too low
● Alternative nutrients are cheaper and do
not have the sa...
Roundup Spray
● Powerful herbicide
invented by Monsanto in
1970; patent until 2000
● Largest producer of
glyphosate in US
Roundup- Economics
● Roundup + Roundup-Ready seeds
● Increased crop yields and decreased labor
● Takes business away from ...
Roundup- Environment
● Binds to soil; breaks down slowly
● Shown to damage environment: Paraguay
● More studies needed in ...
Roundup- Health + Government
● Found not to be carcinogenic by EPA
● Kills insects, worms and bacteria; could be dangerous...
Corn Seeds (Bt Corn)
● Banned in Europe and China
● Vietnam has embraced the crop
● Built-in insect pest control
Bt Corn Environmental Risks
● Pests will build up resistance to toxin
● Gene flow into other species
● Negative impact on ...
Bt Corn Seed Benefits
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=uboDidh0Qwg#t=464
Bt Corn in Vietnam
● High demand for hog feed
● Corn imports quadrupled in 3 years
● Gov’t has approved 4 varieties
● Most...
Bt Cotton Seeds in India
● In 2002 began selling Bt cotton seeds
● Built-in insecticide → Higher yields
● 10x more expensi...
Bt Cotton Seeds in India
● Banned by 2 states
● Rs 10 crore vs Rs 230
● Misleading literature
● Farmers against crops
Indian Bt Cotton Video Clip
Documentary: “The World According to Monsanto” 10-minute clip beginning here:
https://www.yout...
Bt Cotton Seeds in Pakistan
● Increase in yield and higher net revenues
PKR 53,249 (US$ 626)
vs
PKR 41,833 (US$ 492)
● 85%...
● Resistance of bollworm increased
● Increase of secondary pests
● Unstable insect ecology
● Increase irrigation water use...
Long Term Impacts vs. Short Term
● Many unknown
● Dependency on supplier
● Higher resistance
● Unlimited gene flow
● Highe...
Why is it so hard to research
environmental and health risks?
President George H.W Bush’s proclamation in 1992
Does Monsanto have too much power?
Monsanto Protection Act of 2013
● Bars federal courts from halting sale or
planting of ...
What do you think?
● Does Monsanto achieve their goal of
providing sustainable agricultural solutions?
● Do you think the ...
Bibliography
http://discover.monsanto.com/discover-us/#about-offices
http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-complete-history-of-...
Bibliography
http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.0000008
http://abcnews.go.com/Technology...
Bibliography
http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-agriculture-minister-for-saying-bye-bye-to-bt-
cotton-1852117
http://ww...
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Monsanto Presentation

  1. 1. Foreign Takeovers of National Industries: Monsanto Company By: Tyler James & Tony Mingrone
  2. 2. Monsanto’s History 1901 1920s 1930s 1940s 2002
  3. 3. Previous Controversial Products ● DDT ● PCBs ● Agent Orange ● rGBH
  4. 4. Monsanto Today ● 20,000+ employees ● Facilities in 67 countries ● Agricultural products ● 15 seed brand varieties ● 16 weed control brands
  5. 5. Monsanto Today
  6. 6. Monsanto’s Mission “Sustainable agriculture is at the core of Monsanto. We are committed to developing the technologies that enable farmers to produce more crops while conserving more of the natural resources that are essential to their success. Producing more. Conserving more. Improving lives. That’s sustainable agriculture. And that’s what Monsanto is all about.”
  7. 7. Does Monsanto achieve their mission of creating sustainable agricultural solutions?
  8. 8. Genetically Modified Organisms ● DNA is artificially manipulated ● Corn - 88% ● Canola - 90% ● Cotton - 90% ● Soy - 94%
  9. 9. GMO Health Risks ● Potential allergenic food transfers ● Creation of new allergen ● Antibiotic resistance ● Possible links to cancer and disease ● No long term studies to prove or disapprove
  10. 10. What if all the “what ifs” are true? How would we stop the products that have flooded global markets?
  11. 11. GMO Market ● ⅔ of global market for seeds ● ¾ of agro-chemical market ● 100% of GMO seed market
  12. 12. Golden Rice ● Produces beta- carotene (vitamin A) ● Licensed royalty-free to Southeast Asia
  13. 13. Golden Rice- Economics ● Regional reliance on Golden Rice + Monsanto ● Macro implications: disruption of existing rice markets ● Competes with local agriculture
  14. 14. Golden Rice- Environment ● Increased incidence of weeds ● Transgene intrusion on surrounding plants ● Insufficient testing of impact on nature
  15. 15. Golden Rice- Health + Government ● Beta-carotene levels too low ● Alternative nutrients are cheaper and do not have the same impacts ● Little to no government regulation
  16. 16. Roundup Spray ● Powerful herbicide invented by Monsanto in 1970; patent until 2000 ● Largest producer of glyphosate in US
  17. 17. Roundup- Economics ● Roundup + Roundup-Ready seeds ● Increased crop yields and decreased labor ● Takes business away from local herbicide providers
  18. 18. Roundup- Environment ● Binds to soil; breaks down slowly ● Shown to damage environment: Paraguay ● More studies needed in the future
  19. 19. Roundup- Health + Government ● Found not to be carcinogenic by EPA ● Kills insects, worms and bacteria; could be dangerous for humans as well ● Legal in most countries ● Little regulation; but warning labels required
  20. 20. Corn Seeds (Bt Corn) ● Banned in Europe and China ● Vietnam has embraced the crop ● Built-in insect pest control
  21. 21. Bt Corn Environmental Risks ● Pests will build up resistance to toxin ● Gene flow into other species ● Negative impact on Monarch Butterfly ● Affects aquatic plant wildlife through runoff ● No long term studies
  22. 22. Bt Corn Seed Benefits https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=uboDidh0Qwg#t=464
  23. 23. Bt Corn in Vietnam ● High demand for hog feed ● Corn imports quadrupled in 3 years ● Gov’t has approved 4 varieties ● Mostly GMO production by 2016 ● Controversial due to the past
  24. 24. Bt Cotton Seeds in India ● In 2002 began selling Bt cotton seeds ● Built-in insecticide → Higher yields ● 10x more expensive than regular seeds ● Decreased pesticide usage by 40% ● Debt is a possible contributor to suicides
  25. 25. Bt Cotton Seeds in India ● Banned by 2 states ● Rs 10 crore vs Rs 230 ● Misleading literature ● Farmers against crops
  26. 26. Indian Bt Cotton Video Clip Documentary: “The World According to Monsanto” 10-minute clip beginning here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6_DbVdVo-k&feature=player_detailpage#t=4446
  27. 27. Bt Cotton Seeds in Pakistan ● Increase in yield and higher net revenues PKR 53,249 (US$ 626) vs PKR 41,833 (US$ 492) ● 85% of land grows Bt cotton ● High demand → Low supply
  28. 28. ● Resistance of bollworm increased ● Increase of secondary pests ● Unstable insect ecology ● Increase irrigation water use ● Genetic pollution ● Possible land fertility effects Bt Cotton Seeds Environmental Impacts
  29. 29. Long Term Impacts vs. Short Term ● Many unknown ● Dependency on supplier ● Higher resistance ● Unlimited gene flow ● Higher yields ● Higher revenue ● Less pesticide costs ● Higher seed prices
  30. 30. Why is it so hard to research environmental and health risks? President George H.W Bush’s proclamation in 1992
  31. 31. Does Monsanto have too much power? Monsanto Protection Act of 2013 ● Bars federal courts from halting sale or planting of GMOs ● Sets a precedent ● Signed by President Obama
  32. 32. What do you think? ● Does Monsanto achieve their goal of providing sustainable agricultural solutions? ● Do you think the benefits outweigh the unknown? ● Is it better to feed millions today and worry about the impacts later?
  33. 33. Bibliography http://discover.monsanto.com/discover-us/#about-offices http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-complete-history-of-monsanto-the-worlds-most-evil- corporation/5387964 http://www.monsanto.com/whoweare/pages/monsanto-history.aspx http://seekingalpha.com/symbol/MON http://www.sciencemag.org/content/320/5875/468 http://whqlibdoc.who.int/bulletin/2000/Number%2010/78%2810%29news.pdf http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/17918/PDF http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/status.htm http://gmoinside.org/vietnam-plant-genetically-modified-corn-questions-linger-thanh-nien- news/ http://www2.ca.uky.edu/entomology/entfacts/ef130.asp
  34. 34. Bibliography http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.0000008 http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=120016 http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/disadvantages-gmo-sweet-corn-9024.html http://www.responsibletechnology.org/gmo-dangers/65-health-risks/1notes http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-10-29/pork-feast-in-vietnam-spurs- monsanto-gm-corn-push http://www.thanhniennews.com/politics/its-official-vietnam-licenses-genetically-modified- organisms-30220.html https://www.organicconsumers.org/old_articles/gefood/countrieswithbans.php http://ecowatch.com/2014/05/15/chinese-army-gmo/ http://www.newindianexpress.com/columns/Failure-of-Monsanto-Bt- Cotton/2013/12/06/article1930013.ece
  35. 35. Bibliography http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-agriculture-minister-for-saying-bye-bye-to-bt- cotton-1852117 http://www.sandeeonline. org/uploads/documents/publication/1009_PUB_Working_Paper_79_Khuda_Bakhsh.pdf http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/karnataka-bans-mahyco-s-bt-cotton-seeds- following-large-scale-crop-failures http://www.globalresearch.ca/gmo-scandal-the-long-term-effects-of-genetically-modified- food-on-humans/14570

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