DEFINITION OF ORGANIZATION
any form of alliance between two or more people who work
together and formally bound in order to achieve a
predetermined goal, in which the bonds are some (one
or)people who called “boss” and some people are called
subordinate. Dr. Sondang P. Siagian
structure of job description and structure of working
relationship between group of position holders who work
together in particular to jointly achieve a particular goal. Prof.
Dr. Prajudi Atmosudirdjo.
Organization is a form of cooperation among people who are
bound by a commitment to achieve a common goal
e.g. government’s department, private company, ngo, party, etc.
Main variables in OB
OB covers all aspects related to human action in an organization
that will affect the efficiency and effectiveness of an
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Organizational theories: classical, neo-classical, and modern.
• Classical theory focus on the importance of “command chain”
and discipline, rules and tight supervision to gain efficiency.
classical theory developed in three ways: birocracy theory,
administration theory, and science management.
Birocracy theory (1800’s) as known as normatif organization
Clear job descriptions, hierarchy of authority, rational programs,
procedure system, rules (rights and responsibilities), impersonal
Administration theory (1900’s)
Division of labor (job descriptions), authority and responsibility,
Discipline, Unity of command, Unity of direction, Altruistic than
personal interests, Remuneration , payment of wages or salary
must be wise, Centralization.
a variety of methods developed on the basis of science and the
scientific work; selection, development exercises and scientific
employees, in order to enable employees to work to the best of the
specialty; Development of knowledge (selection, training and
scientific development), so that employees have the opportunity to
achieve a high level of wages.
• Neoclassical theory
the importance of psychological and social aspects of the
employee as an individual and as part of its working groups.
(Division of Labor, Scalar and functional processes,
Organizational structure, Control)
• Modern theory
(multidisciplinary with contributions from various disciplines
organization consists on 3 elements: 1) the structure of
macro elements, 2) elements of the process which are also
macro and 3) behavioral components that are microorganizational members. which all three are interrelated and
actually inseparable from each other.
environmental issues on organizational
• Micro external environment, such as :
• Macro external environment, such as:
• As a manager, create your own working
• Describe on 2 pages A4 ariel 12 space 1.5