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Lecturing material 1


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Lecturing material 1

  2. 2. DEFINITION OF ORGANIZATION any form of alliance between two or more people who work together and formally bound in order to achieve a predetermined goal, in which the bonds are some (one or)people who called “boss” and some people are called subordinate. Dr. Sondang P. Siagian structure of job description and structure of working relationship between group of position holders who work together in particular to jointly achieve a particular goal. Prof. Dr. Prajudi Atmosudirdjo. Organization is a form of cooperation among people who are bound by a commitment to achieve a common goal e.g. government’s department, private company, ngo, party, etc.
  3. 3. Main variables in OB • • • • Psychology Economy factor Structure Aim/goal/target OB covers all aspects related to human action in an organization that will affect the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization Technical Manager psychological
  4. 4. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES • • • • • Psychology Sociology social psychology Anthropology Politics HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Organizational theories: classical, neo-classical, and modern. • Classical theory focus on the importance of “command chain” and discipline, rules and tight supervision to gain efficiency. classical theory developed in three ways: birocracy theory, administration theory, and science management.
  5. 5. Birocracy theory (1800’s) as known as normatif organization Clear job descriptions, hierarchy of authority, rational programs, procedure system, rules (rights and responsibilities), impersonal relationship. Administration theory (1900’s) Division of labor (job descriptions), authority and responsibility, Discipline, Unity of command, Unity of direction, Altruistic than personal interests, Remuneration , payment of wages or salary must be wise, Centralization. Science management a variety of methods developed on the basis of science and the scientific work; selection, development exercises and scientific employees, in order to enable employees to work to the best of the specialty; Development of knowledge (selection, training and scientific development), so that employees have the opportunity to achieve a high level of wages.
  6. 6. • Neoclassical theory the importance of psychological and social aspects of the employee as an individual and as part of its working groups. (Division of Labor, Scalar and functional processes, Organizational structure, Control) • Modern theory (multidisciplinary with contributions from various disciplines of knowledge) organization consists on 3 elements: 1) the structure of macro elements, 2) elements of the process which are also macro and 3) behavioral components that are microorganizational members. which all three are interrelated and actually inseparable from each other.
  7. 7. environmental issues on organizational • Micro external environment, such as : competitor supplier customer financial institutions labor supply government. • Macro external environment, such as: technology economic condition politics socio-culture international dimension.
  8. 8. 2nd assigment • As a manager, create your own working condition? • Describe on 2 pages A4 ariel 12 space 1.5