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Bradley ManningA brief introduction the man and his story
• Born December 17, 1987 (age 24) Crescent, Oklahoma, United States• Occupation Soldier, United States Army• Known for Allegedly passed classified data to WikiLeaks• Criminal charge Charges include transferring classified data onto his personal computer; transmitting national defense information to an unauthorized source; aiding the enemy.
• Mannings former partner, Tyler Watkins, told reporters that, while on leave in Boston in January 2010, Manning said he had found some sensitive information and was considering leaking it. During the same month Manning began posting on Facebook in a way that suggested he was upset about something. According to The Daily Telegraph, he wrote, "Bradley Manning didnt want this fight. Too much to lose, too fast," and said he was livid after being "lectured by ex- boyfriend."
• On May 7, 2010, after other soldiers witnessed Manning punch a female intelligence analyst, Specialist Shulman, in the face, he was demoted and told he was about to be discharged. On May 20, he contacted Adrian Lamo, a former "grey hat" hacker convicted in 2004 of having accessed The New York Times computer network without permission.
• According to Lamo, Manning sent him several encrypted e-mails on May 20 after seeing a tweet from Lamo about WikiLeaks.
• he asked Lamo: "If you had unprecedented access to classified networks 14 hours a day, 7 days a week for 8+ months, what would you do?" Lamo told him: "Im a journalist and a minister. You can pick either, and treat this as a confession or an interview (never to be published) & enjoy a modicum of legal protection." Manning told Lamo he felt isolated, and had "lost all of my emotional support channels ... family, boyfriend, trusting colleagues ... im a mess."[
• On April 5, it published the Apache helicopter video of the July 2007 Baghdad airstrike, which Manning is alleged to have passed on in February; WikiLeaks called it the "Collateral Murder" video, and it attracted widespread coverage. On July 25, it released the Afghan war documents, and in October the Iraq War documents, internal military war logs and diaries.
• He said he hoped the material would lead to "worldwide discussion, debates, and reforms," and if not were "doomed as a species...". He said the reaction to the Baghdad airstrike video had given him hope: "CNN’s iReport was overwhelmed ... Twitter exploded ..." He continued: "i want people to see the truth… regardless of who they are ... because without information, you cannot make informed decisions as a public.[
• Manning was arrested on May 26, 2010, and held at first in a military jail at Camp Arifjan in Kuwait.• On July 29, 2010, Manning was moved from Kuwait to the Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, and classified as a "maximum custody detainee"
• Mannings lawyer released an 11-page letter from Manning on March 10, 2011, written to the U.S. military in response to their decision to retain his Prevention of Injury status. In the letter, he described having been placed on suicide watch for three days in January, and having had his clothing removed, apart from underwear, as well as prescription eyeglasses; he said the loss of the latter forced him to sit in "essential blindness." He wrote that he believed this was done as retribution for a protest his supporters had held outside the jail the day before; he alleged that, just before the suicide watch began, the guards began harassing him and issuing conflicting orders, telling him to turn left, then not to turn left. He also described being required to sleep without clothes and stand naked for morning parade: "The guard told me to stand at parade rest, with my hands behind my back and my legs spaced shoulder width apart. I stood at "parade rest" for about three minutes until the DBS [duty brig supervisor] arrived. ... The DBS looked at me, paused for a moment, and then continued to the next detainees cell. I was incredibly embarrassed at having all these people stare at me naked. ..." He wrote that the smock he was later given to wear at night was coarse and uncomfortable, and that he regarded the removal of his other clothing as unlawful pretrial punishment.
• The Bradley Manning Support Network was formed in June 2010 by Mike Gogulski, an American living in Slovakia. Mannings friend, David House, was also involved in founding it, and it was coordinated by Courage to Resist, which supports war resisters within the military. Several notable figures joined its advisory board, including Daniel Ellsberg, one of 30 protesters arrested outside the Quantico base in March 2011; filmmaker Michael Moore, who contributed $5,000; Ray McGovern, a former CIA analyst; Ann Wright, a retired army colonel; and Robert Meeropol. Rallies were held in the United States, Canada, the Netherlands, and Ireland, and by January 2011 donations for Mannings defense had risen to over $100,000, including $15,100 from WikiLeaks.
• The hacker group Anonymous threatened in March 2011 to disrupt activities at Quantico by cyber-attacking communications and exposing information about personnel, calling it "Operation Bradical."• Manning was one of 241 candidates listed for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.[