HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS
THE GREEKS <ul><li>Relation between state and citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Voting as a method of choosing government </li></...
THE MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>St. Thomas Aquinas </li></ul><ul><li>Natural v. Civil Law </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience </l...
THE MAGNA CARTA <ul><li>Limits on King’s Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Social Contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acco...
PETITION OF RIGHT <ul><li>Early 1600 </li></ul><ul><li>King Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>No Ta...
Social Contract <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes  </li></ul><ul><li>Government is a  contract  with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Volu...
John Locke <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalism-Adam Smith </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom and Ch...
Locke and American Foundations <ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to Overthrow  </li></ul></u...
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS <ul><li>1688 </li></ul><ul><li>William and Mary of Orange </li></ul><ul><li>British Constitution </...
BY 1750 IN COLONIAL AMERICA <ul><li>Stable/Prosperous </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Governing </li></ul><ul><li>Representative As...
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Historical Foundations

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Historical Foundations

  1. 1. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS
  2. 2. THE GREEKS <ul><li>Relation between state and citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Voting as a method of choosing government </li></ul><ul><li>Property owners only </li></ul><ul><li>Educated only </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced Society </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Tranquility </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>St. Thomas Aquinas </li></ul><ul><li>Natural v. Civil Law </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundation of Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. THE MAGNA CARTA <ul><li>Limits on King’s Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Social Contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability of Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HABEAS CORPUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DUE PROCESS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TRIAL BY JURY </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. PETITION OF RIGHT <ul><li>Early 1600 </li></ul><ul><li>King Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>No Taxation without Representation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Contract <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes </li></ul><ul><li>Government is a contract with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Preservation </li></ul>
  7. 7. John Locke <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalism-Adam Smith </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom and Choice from self-initiative, not class edict </li></ul><ul><li>Inalienable Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Determination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Property ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Treatise on Government </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Locke and American Foundations <ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to Overthrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inalienable Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preamble to the Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We, the People </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Checks and Balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Division of Power </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS <ul><li>1688 </li></ul><ul><li>William and Mary of Orange </li></ul><ul><li>British Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Law </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights—U.S. Constitution </li></ul>
  10. 10. BY 1750 IN COLONIAL AMERICA <ul><li>Stable/Prosperous </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Governing </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia House of Burgesses </li></ul><ul><li>Voting/Property </li></ul><ul><li>Court System/Bill of Rights </li></ul>

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